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Transcript of Psycho/Psychoanalysis
The Plot of
Marion Crane is on the run after she steals $40,000
She stops at the Bates Motel to rest and meets Norman
Psycho is a brilliant and innovative approach to storytelling
Hitchcock entertains and informs his audience on the issue of mental illness
Defining an Oedipus Complex
Developed by Sigmund Freud
Named after Sophocles' tragedy
Oedipus the King
Discusses a carnal desire for parent of the opposite sex and hostility towards parent of the same sex
Occurs during the phallic stage
Oedipus Complex is the root of the conflict within Norman Bates
Manger of the Bates Motel
Polite "boy next door"
Fragile, innocent personality
Lonely and anxious
Resentful and critical of outsiders
Faces extreme cynicism and verbal abuse from his mother
Unable and unwilling to abandon her
Norman embodies "abnormal normality"
Suffers with an Oedipus Complex, as well as other disorders theorized by Psychoanalysis
A Fateful Shower
Marion realizes she's stepped into her own "private trap"
Decides to go back to Phoenix
Contrast in her rational and logical behavior, compared to Norman's irrational actions
Her moral conscience, The Super Ego, influences her decisions
Marion is brutally stabbed to death by "Mother" while in the shower
Norman comes to the scene and cleans up his mother's mess
The Bates Mansion
The Story Behind
Directed by Alfred Hitchcock in 1960
Adapted from Robert Bloch's book
Relies heavily on Sigmund Freud's theories
Hitchcock has implored Freudian theory in a number of other films
Usually feature the "absent mother"
Psycho is considered one of Hitchcock's greatest films ever made
The Superego - The Top Floor
The Ego - The Ground Floor
The Id Ego - The Basement
Father died when he was a young child
His psychological development was stifled
Developed a dysfunctional superego
Norman and mother developed an erratic, co-dependent relationship
Norman felt threatened by Mother's dating
Repressed Oedipus Complex was triggered
Marion overhears Norman's mother harassing him
Norman's tone becomes serious and his speech labored
Makes excuses for his mother's actions
"Semantic aphasia," a disorder of speech in which ideas are difficult to convey and words don't successfully communicate anything meaningful
"We all go a little mad sometimes..."
The Truth Revealed
Norman murdered his mother and her lover
He relieved his guilt by internalizing her personality
Began dressing and speaking like her
He took drastic and violent measures in order to keep the allusion intact
The "mother" half of his brain gained full control of him
The Psychodynamic Perspective
Biological causes of personality differences
Role of unconscious mind in personality development
Places great importance on dreams
id - basic drives and instincts
ego - rational and logical, maintains balance
superego - moral center
Sigmund Freud: The Father of Psychoanalysis
Born and raised in Europe during the Victorian Age
Believed in layers of consciousness in the mind
Aroused controversy in the Victorian world
His work is still believed to be historically relevant
Theories are widely studied and significant
The Image of a "psychopath"
Psychopathic tendencies included political and sexual deviance
Stemmed from childhood development
Maladaptive traits: voyeurism, compulsive masturbation, sado-masochism, pornographic fetishism, and possibly homosexuality
Literature used character types like the rebel, the juvenile delinquent, the homosexual etc.
Supposedly produced by distortions in psychological development
Hitchcock reveals the character’s dominance by his unfulfilled Oedipus Complex
Norman Bates had an intense attachment to his mother
Combined with his guilt resulted in a dissociative identity disorder
Repressed the memory of killing her
Studying Psycho from Freud's Psychoanalytic perspective, viewers are better able to understand Norman Bates.