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Agri-Tourism, Nature and Eco Tourism
Transcript of Agri-Tourism, Nature and Eco Tourism
What is Eco Tourism?
"responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people."
How has eco-tourism evolved?
By the early 1990s, eco-tourism along with nature-based, cultural, heritage and adventure tourism had become among the fastest growing sectors of the tourism industry worldwide. After the eco-tourism boom in the 1970's it was starting to be talked about in a variety of new terms which may sound more familiar to you including sustainable tourism, pro-poor tourism and responsible tourism, all of which include the concept that tourism can and should benefit conservation and local communities.
Build environmental and cultural awareness and respect
Provide positive experiences for both visitors and hosts
Provide direct financial benefits for conservation
Provide financial benefits and empowerment for local people
Raise sensitivity to host countries' political, environmental, and social climate
Eco-rating Certification Scheme, Kenya
Bronze, Silver, Gold
Ecotourism Kenya aims to promote environmental, economic and social best practices by accommodation facilities within the tourism industry through this eco-rating scheme.
Kiboko Luxury Camp
restored the surrounding environment to its natural state and planted over 200 indigenous tree species
all grey water from the kitchens is reused and managed through a sewer system
energy saving bulbs and LED bulbs have been fixed throughout the camp
all hot water within the facility is heated through installed solar powered water boilers
Willing Workers on Organic Farms (WWOOF) is a world wide community that promotes awareness of ecological farming practices by providing volunteers with the opportunity to live and learn on organic properties.
WWOOF NZ gives tourists visiting New Zealand the chance to learn sustainable practices while experiencing an authentic Kiwi lifestyle. The WWOOF'ers live free of charge and learn about all aspects of farm life in return for a certain amount of hours work per week.
New Zealand as an Eco tourism destination has become more popular in recent years because people have begun to realise the importance of preserving the environment and New Zealand has the natural resources and the eco friendly facilities to satisfy this. More people are becoming aware and scared of what might happen when our natural resources run out therefore people are willing to make small changes now in order to prolong this event.
NZ is the perfect destination for eco tourism as evident in our !100% Pure" and Clean, Green New Zealand campaigns. We have an abundance of eco-tours and accommodation already established in order to satisfy the quickly trending eco-tourist.
What is Nature Tourism?
any travel with a natural area or feature as a destination focus with the aim and outcome being for the entertainment and recreation or participants
How has nature tourism evolved?
The growth of nature tourism in New Zealand is largely due to the establishment of our 14 National Parks. In 1887 the chief if the Tuwharetoa people gifted the Crown 3 mountains which led to the formation of Tongariro National Park which was New Zealands first and the worlds 4th national park. Since then, many people have travelled across the world to visit the breathtaking scenery of NZ's 'World Heritage' landscapes and to take part in the recreational activities these places have to offer.
The Grand Canyon in Arizona, USA offers exceptional views of one of natures most amazing natural wonders. It is a whopping 446km in length and is 1800m deep nd has rock aged up to 2 billion years old making this natural wonder a hugely popular international attraction. Whether you want to view the canyon by helicopter, river raft, horseback, jeep or on foot, you will be amazed by this canyon at any angle.
Rotorua sits on a volcanic plateau which has been geologically exciting for millions of years. Geysers, hot mud pools and steaming craters are some of the reasons why Rororua is a renowned New Zealand nature tourism attraction and is the reason for its' 1.2 million visitors per annum. The volcanic activity found in Rotorua is a huge attraction for the area as it cannot be found many other places not only in New Zelaand but worldwide.
There are few places in the world where you can experience mountain vistas, ancient forests, volcanic landscapes and stunning coastline, as well as spotting wildlife found no where else on the planet in the space of one day. The aspects of New Zealand make our country the perfect destination for Nature Tourism.
People may decide to travel to New Zealand for a nature holiday as we have so many natural attractions to offer that are very different to the rest of the world. Nature tourists may be interested in whale watching in Kaikoura or exploring the Waitomo Caves at Otorohanga or maybe see the geothermal activity in Taupo and Rotorua. Whatever the nature tourist is looking for we most definitely have to offer!
Although New Zealand has so much to offer in terms of agri, nature and eco tourism people may pick other destinations of us because we are over the other side of the world and are quite expensive to get to. All in all, people that do make their way over here will be pleasantly surprised at what we have to offer.
What is Agri Tourism?
Refers to visiting agricultural areas for recreational and educational purposes (Ag Marketing Resource Centre, 2013).
This includes farms, orchards, dude ranches etc.
Agritourism has a broader meaning in different geographical locations like the USA which features wineries under this tourism market (Lamb, 2011).
Factors which have impacted the agricultural industry include globalisation and industrialisation
Due to the global locations of farms (NZ, Aus , Philippines, USA etc.) and improved transport and communication, farms have faced global competition within the market (Lamb, 2011).
With industrialisation, the small scale size of some farms resulted in competition with larger industrial farms that have resources to generate more products for less cost (Lamb, 2011).
These factors elected agritourism as a viable and attainable career for the farmers. Attracting travellers supports their income.
Historical Growth Patterns
Globally in Montana, USA there are a number of ranches where you can stay for a length of time and participate in harvesting, fishing, horse riding and daily farm tasks. (Montana Dude Ranchers Association, 2013)
Within NZ, the agrodome would be the most prominent location supplying agricultural attractions and activities (Agrodome, 2013)
Website directories are dedicated to the promotion of agritourism attractions. They contain a database of farms that can be filtered based on a tourists needs such as location, acessibility and seasonal activities (Agritourism world, 2012)
A developing consumer interest in where the crops they are consuming originate from and the process of harvesting contribute toward a consumers desire to visit agricultural businesses (Lamb, 2011).
New Zealand agricultural sector had to diversify and incorporate a wider range of activities as export prices, loss of rural jobs and urban migration failed to attract viable numbers of visitors to supplement rural workers income (Swarbrick, 2012)
Industry supply and quality management issues
Agritourism industry supply constraints include environmental effects of tourist activity, poor roads and lack of physical promotion (Swarbrick, 2012)
Qualmark is used to regulate quality management in this sector. They can dispense enviro awards to businesses such as the agrodome which meet tight criteria involved in sustainable measures.
Industry supply and quality management issues
Quality management issues for ecotourism are dealt with at the annual Global Ecotourism Conference to ensure international and national issues are dealt with every year and that ecotourism in every country is kept under control with equal expectations.
Eco tourism supply constraints relate to the fact that the principles of eco tourism are not being incorporated into the conception, planning, design, development, operation or marketing of the product.
Industry supply and quality management issues
Global warming and when land and resources are strained by excessive use which impacts the vegetation, wildlife, mountain, marine and coastal environments are things that effect and continue to effect the supply of nature tourism we have in New Zealand.
To ensure the quality of nature in New Zealand which brings nature tourists here the Department of Conservation (DoC) were established. The role of DoC is to protect the stunning natural environment and special places that are part of our history and culture, that draw thousands of overseas tourists to our country, creating 1 in 10 jobs and generating $20 billion for our economy
Department of Conservation. (2013). Conservation for prosperity. Retrieved September 8, 2013, from Department of Conservation: http://www.doc.govt.nz/about-doc/role/vision-role-overview-and-statutory-mandate/conservation-for-prosperity/
New Zealand Tourism. (2013). Things To Do. Retrieved September 8, 2013, from 100% Pure New Zealand: http://www.newzealand.com/int/things-to-do/
The International Ecotourism Society. (2013, September 8). Climate Change and Tourism. Retrieved from The International Ecotourism Society: http://www.ecotourism.org/
United Nations Environment Programme. (2001). Environmental Impacts of Tourism. Retrieved September 8, 2013, from The Global Development Research Centre: http://www.gdrc.org/uem/eco-tour/envi/two.html
Weaver, D. B. (2007). Quality Assurance and Certification In Ecotourism. Retrieved September 8, 2013, from jonkhol: http://www.jonkohl.com/publications/pub-assets/cabi-book-synopsis.pdf
Wight, P. A. (1993, December). Sustainable Ecotourism. Retrieved September 8, 2013, from James Cook University Australia: http://www.jcu.edu.au/business/public/groups/everyone/documents/journal_article/jcudev_012532.pdf