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Transcript of Russia
Strongest party in the Duma
Never won a presidential election
Emphasizes centralized planning and nationalism
Second largest party
Most influential party
Means apple in Russian
6,592,812 sq mi
Russia is the largest country in the world.
Makes up most of eastern Europe and northern Asia.
Bodies of Water:
Baltic Sea -> West
Pacific Ocean -> East
Arctic Ocean -> North
Black Sea -> South
In 2006, "The Economist" published a democracy rating, putting Russia at 102nd place among 167 countries and defining it as a "hybrid regime with a trend towards curtailment of media and other civil liberties.
Tradition says the Viking Rurik came to Russia in 862 A.D. and founded the Novgorod dynasty.
In 1547, Ivan IV is crowned the first czar of Russia.
Alexander II expanded Russia's borders to the Pacific and into central Asia. Serfdom was abolished in 1861.
Russia is a federal presidential republic.
Head of State
Elected every 6 years
Working Residence: Moscow Kremlin
Commander-in-chief of the armed forces.
Appoints Prime Minister
Head of Government
Kristin Tran & William Galloway
Snow and frost
North -> snow
South -> is hot and dry.
Winters are short but cold in the south.
The complete opposite in the north.
Right to a minimum wage and welfare
Protection of unemployed people and the right to a safe and hygienic work environment
The right to housing
The right to free health care and secondary-level education
Freedom of the press
Established June 12, 1994
Declaration of Russia’s state sovereignty was signed.
The holiday's original name was the Day of Signing the Declaration of State Sovereignty.
* est. 2011
Orthodox Christianity: 75%
Catholicism, Protestantism, Judaism and Buddhism: 1%
GDP/PPP: $2.380 trillion
Per Capita: $16,700
Real Growth Rate: 4.3%
Currency: Russian Ruble 0.028 US Dollar = 1 ruble 100 kopeks = 1 ruble
Confirms the president's political appointments
The Federation Council
Ratify the use of armed forces outside the country
Appoints and removes judges
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour
Courts of general jurisdiction
serves each city or rural district
Resolves property and commercial disputes
Appointed by the President; confirmed by Federation Council
The Bolshevik Revolution
By February of 1917, riots broke out in St. Petersburg and the garrison there mutinied.
The Provisional government was established in an attempt to restore order in the capital.
The Provisional Government set up by the Duma attempted to pursue a moderate policy by returning order and restoring worker's rights. The most important demand was to end the war.
For the next three years the country was devastated by civil disputes, until by 1920 the Bolsheviks had finally emerged victorious.
The Soviet Era
In 1922, Russia joined the Soviet Union.
Although the Bolsheviks had maintained complete control of the economy during the civil war, Lenin's new Economic Policy, or NEP, brought about a period of relative prosperity, allowing the young Soviet government to stabilize its political power.
The Soviet Breakup and the post-Soviet era
In 1990, the Soviet Union itself began to unravel. Its own constituent republics began to issue declarations of independence.
The most striking consequence of the breakup has been the sharp increase in the rates of poverty and inequality.