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Russia

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by

Kristin Tran

on 26 February 2014

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Transcript of Russia

The Communist Party of the Russian Federation (CPRF)
Strongest party in the Duma
Never won a presidential election
Emphasizes centralized planning and nationalism
Unity
Second largest party
Most influential party
Yabloko
Means apple in Russian
Supports democracy
Government
Geography
6,592,812 sq mi
Russia is the largest country in the world.
Makes up most of eastern Europe and northern Asia.
Bodies of Water:
Baltic Sea -> West
Pacific Ocean -> East
Arctic Ocean -> North
Black Sea -> South
Population: 138,082,178*
In 2006, "The Economist" published a democracy rating, putting Russia at 102nd place among 167 countries and defining it as a "hybrid regime with a trend towards curtailment of media and other civil liberties.
Tradition says the Viking Rurik came to Russia in 862 A.D. and founded the Novgorod dynasty.
In 1547, Ivan IV is crowned the first czar of Russia.
Alexander II expanded Russia's borders to the Pacific and into central Asia. Serfdom was abolished in 1861.
Russia

Russia is a federal presidential republic.
Executive Power
President
Head of State
Elected every 6 years
Working Residence: Moscow Kremlin
Powers:
Foreign Policy
Commander-in-chief of the armed forces.
Veto legislation
Appoints Prime Minister
Prime Minister
Head of Government

by
Kristin Tran & William Galloway

Historical Background
Climate:
Snow and frost
North -> snow
South -> is hot and dry.
Winters are short but cold in the south.
The complete opposite in the north.
Citizens
Basic Rights
Right to a minimum wage and welfare
Protection of unemployed people and the right to a safe and hygienic work environment
The right to housing
The right to free health care and secondary-level education
Freedom of the press
Nationality rights
Russia Day
Established June 12, 1994
Declaration of Russia’s state sovereignty was signed.
The holiday's original name was the Day of Signing the Declaration of State Sovereignty.
* est. 2011
Ivan IV
Religion
Orthodox Christianity: 75%
Islam: 5%
Catholicism, Protestantism, Judaism and Buddhism: 1%
Other: 1%
Atheist: 8%
Ethnicity/Race
Russian: 79.8%
Tatar: 3.8%
Ukranian: 2%
Bashkir: 1.2%
Chuvash: 1.1%
Other: 12.1%
Economy
GDP/PPP: $2.380 trillion
Per Capita: $16,700
Real Growth Rate: 4.3%
Currency: Russian Ruble 0.028 US Dollar = 1 ruble 100 kopeks = 1 ruble
Legislature
The Duma
Lower House
450 members
Passes bills
Confirms the president's political appointments
The Federation Council
Upper House
178 Members
Delay legislation
Ratify the use of armed forces outside the country
Appoints and removes judges
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour
Vladimir Putin
(President)

Dmitry Medvedev
(Prime Minister)
Judicial
Courts of general jurisdiction
serves each city or rural district
Arbitration Courts
Resolves property and commercial disputes
Constitutional Court
Supreme court
19 members
Appointed by the President; confirmed by Federation Council
Political Parties
Bibliography
http://phs.prs.k12.nj.us/ewood/Russia/intro.htm
http://russiapedia.rt.com/
http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0107909.html#Geography
http://countrystudies.us/russia/74.htm
http://masterrussian.com/russia/facts.htm
http://www.timeanddate.com/holidays/russia/russia-day
http://missinglink.ucsf.edu/lm/russia_guide/historyofrussia.htm#ancient
The Bolshevik Revolution
By February of 1917, riots broke out in St. Petersburg and the garrison there mutinied.
The Provisional government was established in an attempt to restore order in the capital.
The Provisional Government set up by the Duma attempted to pursue a moderate policy by returning order and restoring worker's rights. The most important demand was to end the war.
For the next three years the country was devastated by civil disputes, until by 1920 the Bolsheviks had finally emerged victorious.
The Soviet Era
In 1922, Russia joined the Soviet Union.
Although the Bolsheviks had maintained complete control of the economy during the civil war, Lenin's new Economic Policy, or NEP, brought about a period of relative prosperity, allowing the young Soviet government to stabilize its political power.
The Soviet Breakup and the post-Soviet era
In 1990, the Soviet Union itself began to unravel. Its own constituent republics began to issue declarations of independence.
The most striking consequence of the breakup has been the sharp increase in the rates of poverty and inequality.
Alexander II
Full transcript