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California Gold Rush

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Neil Talbott

on 21 March 2016

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Transcript of California Gold Rush

California Gold Rush
The Beginning
January 24, 1848: One week before the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo is signed
Gold first discovered at Sutter's Mill, near present-day Sacramento
Discovery doesn't stay a secret for long

Population Boom
President Polk told the country about the gold find in December, 1848
"Gold Fever" leads to a massive population boom throughout California beginning in 1849

End of the Gold Rush
California became eligible for statehood just 2 years after the first discovery of gold
Gold became scarce within a few decades
Entire towns would be abandoned (ghost towns)
overall most the population stayed and built a stable society
California is still one of the most ethnically diverse states because of the Gold Rush Legacy
Women in Mining Communities
Men far outnumbered women
about 9:1
Most women made money by running boarding houses
only a few actually mined

Other Major Discoveries
Comstock Lode: Silver (Nevada)
Butte, Montana: Copper
gold seekers who came to California to find gold (80,000 in 1849 alone)
Especially San Francisco: population jumped from 800 in March 1848 to 25,000 in 1850.
Migrants came from around the U.S. and all over the world
California Before it Joins the United States
Had been part of Mexico prior to the Mexican-American War
A few hundred Americans declared independence in 1846
Bear Flag Republic
United States annexes the California Territory after the Mexican-American War
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends the war.
Overall US grows by about 25%
Full transcript