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Elements of Nonfiction

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by

Mr. Laffin

on 2 September 2015

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Transcript of Elements of Nonfiction

Elements of Nonfiction
Text Structures
Structure
Famous nonfiction
Table of Contents
Found in the front of the text
Tells you what information is in what part of the book.
Instead of searching through the text, just scan through table of contents for what you need.
Font Styles, Bullet Points, and Quotations
Makes things stand out to show that they're important; emphasize important terms or information
Add extra value or meaning.
Glossary
Found in the back of the specific text
Think: a dictionary specific to the text you're reading
Novels you may read in school
Historical Documents
Everyday Life
Titles
Help readers identify the main idea
Tell us what the text is about
Illustrations,
Photos, and Captions
Make the text 'come alive'
give you hints about the meaning of the text
help the reader see what the text is referring to
Maps, Diagrams,
A short, easy way of providing important information.
Statistics can be boring in word form, but in a table or graph it makes everything more understandable.
Sidebars,
Fits in information that wouldn't fit or go into the text.
Footnotes also add information to the text (look for words with numbers that look like exponents)
Index
an alphabetical list at the end of a book that shows the page where each thing in the list can be found
make information easier to find
Timelines, Fun Facts, Activities, etc.
Interesting tib bits make it more intriguing, however, this is more for younger ages.
What is nonfiction?
Nonfiction is writing that is about facts or real events. Nonfiction = true
Examples:
Nonfiction writing typically contains these elements, or parts:
***remember these to help you understand nonfiction writing
Graphs, Tables and Charts
and footnotes
A picture for added understanding
Headings
A word, phrase, or short sentence that begins a section of the text, telling you what it's about.
Look for order and relationships between the different headings
How information is organized in a nonfiction text
Description
Signal words:
for example, for instance, characteristics include, such as, specifically, in addition.
These words tell us that a description or list will follow.
A piece of nonfiction that describes or tells about a person or event.
Use this graphic organizer!
Sequence
or order
Signal words:
before, in the beginning, to start, first, next, during, after, then, finally, last, in the middle, in
the end.
A piece of nonfiction that describes or tells about a person or event in order of time, location, or importance.
Use this graphic organizer!
Compare
and Contrast
Signal words:
similar, alike, same, just like, both, different, unlike, in contrast, on the other hand.
A piece of nonfiction that compares and contrasts two or more people or events.
Use this graphic organizer!
These words tell us that a comparison is being made to strengthen the writer's argument as well as to get the reader thinking deeper about the subject.
Cause
and Effect
Signal words:
since, because, if, due to, as a result of, so, then, leads to, consequently.
A piece of nonfiction that describes or tells about a person or event.
Use this graphic organizer!
These words tell us that a connection is being made between two occurrences by the writer. Can be used to state fact or as a warning (to strengthen an argument)
Problem
and Solution
Signal words:
problem, issue, cause, since, consequently, therefore, as a result, because of, leads to, due to, solve, so, then.
A piece of nonfiction that states a problem and presents solutions.
Use this graphic organizer!
These words tell us that a problem is being introduced and possible solutions will follow.
Cause
Effect
Effect
Effect
Prob.
Sol.
Sol.
Sol.
Summarize:
Using your notes and the following vocabulary words, summarize your nonfiction notes in 20 words (no more, no less). Challenge yourself!!!
Vocab: text elements, structure, title, heading, and
Words in
blue
are notes
for you!
Essays: expository (explains something), argumentative
biographies; memoirs
journalism (magazine and news articles)
historical, scientific, technical writing (like your textbooks in math,
history, and science)
words being defined
important concept
These words tell us that a sequence of events is being told about or a list of steps is to follow.
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