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Components of Fitness
Transcript of Components of Fitness
Skill related components of fitness
Components of fitness
Time it takes for the body or part of the body to respond to a stimulus.
Slip catch in cricket
Ruler drop test
2 main types
Simple reaction time
Choice reaction time
This is where someone needs to react to something as it happens. For example : a sprinter at the start of a race.
This occurs when someone is able to size up the situation and decide when they are going to react.
For example a footballer deciding when the best time to make a tackle is.
Ability to move quickly changing direction and speed whenever possible. It is a combination of flexibility and speed.
Illinois Agility Run
A footballer dribbling a ball and changing direction
The ability to link all the parts of a movement into one effective smooth movement and is the ability to be able to control the body during physical activity.
Alternate Hand Throw
Triple jump- hop, skip, jump phase
The ability to maintain a given posture in static and dynamic situations and to be able to stay level and stable.
Stork Stand Test
Any balance in gymnastics- e.g. headstand
The ability to coincide movements in relation to external factors. It is a combination of decision making, reaction time and co-ordination.
Cover drive in cricket
This is often referred to as ‘stamina’ and is the ability of the heart and lungs to keep operating effectively during an endurance event.
Refers to the range of motion (ROM) at a joint. Increasing this component of fitness can also help:
reduce the chance of injury.
improve body posture.
Sit and Reach Test
Splits in Dance
This is a combination of speed with the maximum amount of strength. It is closely linked to explosive strength.
Stand Broad Jump or Vertical jump
Ability of a muscle or a group of muscles to sustain repeated contractions against a resistance for an extended period of time.
Sit Up Bleep Test
15m Sprint Test
The ability to move all or parts of the body as quickly as possible. It is a combination of reaction time and movement time.
The ability to ‘bear weight’
The maximal force produced through one sinular muscle conctraction
3 types of strength
The strength that a sportsperson needs to support their own body weight over a prolonged period of time. For example the strength a footballer requires to last the whole game.
This is the greatest amount of strength that can be applied to an immovable object. The joint often does not move.
For example gymnastics and downhill skiing.
This is strength that is used in one short, sharp burst or movement. For example jumping.
Long jump take off
hand grip dynamometer