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Revolutions in Europe and Latin America

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kendall moore

on 12 April 2016

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Transcript of Revolutions in Europe and Latin America

Revolutions in Europe and Latin America
1790 - 1848
Chapter 20

Conservatives in the early 1800's worked together to restore royal families to the throne and go back to the way things were before 1789.
Liberals wanted the government to be based on written constitutions and seperation of powers, they supported giving all men the right to vote.
Nationalists who shared common heritage wanted to win their own states and tried to unite and win independence.
The first people to revolt were the Serbs, they fought against the Ottomans from 1804 to 1813 and their intense struggle was unsuccessful but it gave them Serbian identity.
In 1815 the Serbs tried again in a more successful rebellion with Russian support and they won autonomy. In 1821 the Greeks revolted to end Ottoman rule they gained independence with the help of Britain, France, and Russia.
After the Greeks, rebellions occurred along the southern fringe of Europe.
An Age of Ideologies
Ideologies
- systems of thought and belief
Universal manhood suffrage
- giving all adult men the right to vote
Autonomy
- self-rule
An Age of Ideologies
In 1830 the French rebelled against Charles X after he rejected their charter, limited the right to vote, and restricted the press. The rebels threw stones at soldiers and put up barricades in the streets. After the rebellion Charles X fled to England. Once he fled Louis Philippe became king and got along with the liberals, he said he owed his throne to the people and became known as the citizen's king. The revolt in France was the start of revolutions in Belgium and Poland. Belgium revolted against the dutch king for preventing expasion and won independence. Poland revolted so they could re unite their homeland but failed to gain widespread support. In 1848 the french revolted again to denounce Louis Philippe. That revolution lead to revolts in Austria, Italy, and German states.
Revolutions of 1830 and 1848
Radicals-
Those who favor extreme change.
Recessions-
period of reduced economic activity.
Louis Philippe-
was called the "citizen king" of france because he owed his throne to the people and got along well with the liberals.

Louis Kossuth-
a journalists who led the group of

hungarian nationalists to demand. independent government and end to serfdom
Napoleon III-

Louis Napoleon proclaimed himself emperor in 1852.


Revolutions of 1830 and 1848
Revolts in Latin America
In the late 1700's lower class Latin Americans wanted to be able to hold jobs, they started reading about the enlightenment and watching countries rebel. When Napoleon invaded Spain in 1808 and put his brother on the throne it sparked the series of rebellions.The rebellions started with slaves in Haiti trying to win their freedom. They were lead by Toussaint L'ouverture, they won independence and got slavery abolished. By 1820 Haiti became a republic. In 1810 Father Hidalgo inspired people to fight for independence after hearing about the slave revolt. After a while the people started to reject Father Hidalgo and soon he was captured and executed. After his death Father Jose Morelos continued to fight and gain support, soon Mexico won independence. This revolt lead to revolts in Central America, South America, and Brazil.
Revolts in Latin America
Peninsulares
- Members of the highest social class.
Creoles
- The European-descended Latin Americans who owned the haciendas,ranches, and mines.
Mestizos
- People of Native American and European descendent.
Mulattos
- People of African and European descent.
Dom Pedro
- Ruler of Brazil in 1822.
Revolts in Latin America
Simon Bolivar
- A creole who traveled Europe
Toussaint L'Ouverture
- A self-educated former slaveand a skillful leader, general, and comander
Father Miguel Hidalgo
- A priest insights mexicans to fight for independence
Father Jose Morelos
- A mestizo who was a revolutionary priest
Jose de San Martin
- Fought against Napolean's army for years before heping Boliver
Basically.....
The Conservatives wanted the old ways
The Liberals wanted freedom and independence
The Nationalists wanted unity with groups that shared common heritage
The Serbs started the revolutions against the Ottomons, they lost the first time won the second time, after that countries started teaming up against the Ottomons to get what they wanted.
Basically....
Basically....
Charles X took the rights of the french so they fought for their rights back and he ran away
Louis Philippe was highly liked by the people but they got sick of his government and the people got rid of him
In Belguim the people wanted to expand so they fought for independence and won
Poland wanted to reunite and go back to their homeland but lost
These all lead to more rebellions across Europe
Slaves in Haiti didn't want to be slaves anymore so they fought for freedom and won
All of these revolts started when Napoleon invaded Spain
At first the people were scared then a priest got them angry so they would fight then they got scared again and the priest got killed.
After the first priest failed and died another priest talked to the people and was successful and Mexico won independence
This revolt lead to other revolts
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