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Copy of Articles of Confederation

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by

JaDorian Tate

on 18 October 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Articles of Confederation

Articles of Confederation
1776
Americans wanted to create a republic where the states had more power than the central government.
11 of the 13 states wrote new Constitutions to support their governments.
Constitution: Document stating the rules under which a government will operate.
Articles of Confederation
Limited Government
One branch
called
CONGRESS
Congress could not regulate trade or levy taxes
Could deal with foreign nations
Could make laws, declare war, coin or borrow money, and run a postal service
Weaknesses
Congress had no power to:
Raise taxes
Regulate trade
Enforce laws
Laws could only be passed if 9 out of 13 states voted
Strengths
Had power to:
Declare war and peace
Print Money
Make treaties
Settle state disputes
Also...settled Western lands...
Settling the Western Lands
Land Ordinance of 1785: Stated that land in the west was to be surveyed using a grid system to establish 6 mile blocks.
Northwest Ordinance
Orderly expansion of the United States
Outlined plan for applying for statehood
Promised:
No Slavery
Education
Freedom of Religion
Trial by jury
Process for admitting new state
Territory
Articles written in 1777 by John Dickinson, Penn. statesman
Accepted by Congress in 1781
First national Constitution
Under the Articles of Confederation
Instructions:
1. Take a look at the photo
2. Discuss with your group
some questions you have about what you see.
3. Write down all questions on one sheet of paper.
5,000 free adult males
<
Governor, Secretary,
3 Judges
Territory
5,000 free adult males
>
Elect legislature to make laws
Territory
60,000 free adult males
>
Ask to become a state
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin
Northwest
Territory
Divide lands into townships
Divide public lands into townships:
6 miles on each side
36 sections, one mile each
One section set aside for schools
School
Many roads and property lines in the Midwest still follow the township grids, 200 years later!
Settling western lands
Economic/Foreign Problems

George Washington
Thomas
Jefferson
John Adams
James
Madison
James
Monroe
Benjamin
Franklin
Proclamation of 1763
Economic Problems
Each state had its own currency
Each state set its own trade policy
Central government did not have power to tax
Foreign Problems
U.S. seemed to be weak
British troops continued to occupy forts
Spanish refused to let Americans ship products down the Mississippi
Who are these people?
Full transcript