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Copy of Articles of Confederation
Transcript of Copy of Articles of Confederation
Americans wanted to create a republic where the states had more power than the central government.
11 of the 13 states wrote new Constitutions to support their governments.
Constitution: Document stating the rules under which a government will operate.
Articles of Confederation
Congress could not regulate trade or levy taxes
Could deal with foreign nations
Could make laws, declare war, coin or borrow money, and run a postal service
Congress had no power to:
Laws could only be passed if 9 out of 13 states voted
Had power to:
Declare war and peace
Settle state disputes
Also...settled Western lands...
Settling the Western Lands
Land Ordinance of 1785: Stated that land in the west was to be surveyed using a grid system to establish 6 mile blocks.
Orderly expansion of the United States
Outlined plan for applying for statehood
Freedom of Religion
Trial by jury
Process for admitting new state
Articles written in 1777 by John Dickinson, Penn. statesman
Accepted by Congress in 1781
First national Constitution
Under the Articles of Confederation
1. Take a look at the photo
2. Discuss with your group
some questions you have about what you see.
3. Write down all questions on one sheet of paper.
5,000 free adult males
5,000 free adult males
Elect legislature to make laws
60,000 free adult males
Ask to become a state
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin
Divide lands into townships
Divide public lands into townships:
6 miles on each side
36 sections, one mile each
One section set aside for schools
Many roads and property lines in the Midwest still follow the township grids, 200 years later!
Settling western lands
Proclamation of 1763
Each state had its own currency
Each state set its own trade policy
Central government did not have power to tax
U.S. seemed to be weak
British troops continued to occupy forts
Spanish refused to let Americans ship products down the Mississippi
Who are these people?