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Macbeth Act 4

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Emily Bardak

on 23 April 2015

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Transcript of Macbeth Act 4

"Though all things foul would wear the brows of grace"
Revenge
Fate
"Sweet bodements" -Macbeth
Ambition
"No boasting like a fool;/ This deed I'll do before this purpose cool:" -Macbeth
Power
"A stanchless avarice, that, were I King, I should cut off the nobles for their lands, desire his jewels, and this other's house:" -Malcolm
Allusion
Provides audience with precedent, foreknowledge and context for events in the play.
The Stuart Dynasty
In Act 4, scene 1, the witches bring forth an apparition of eight kings followed by Banquo. This alludes to the fact that Banquo's descendants became kings of Scotland, and later of England with King James I.
Angels and Satan
In Act 4, scene 3, Malcolm tells Macduff that "angels are bright still, though the brighest fell", to explain to Macduff his lack of trust. Malcolm is alluding to Satan.
Siward
Earl of Northumbria

In Act 4, scene 3, Malcolm confides to Macduff and Ross that "England hath/lent us good Siward and ten thousand men" alluded to the eleventh century earl of Northumberland Siward, who was know as the best soldier in the Christendom
Motifs
Blood
Motifs serve as a unifying aspect for the play and to reinforce a symbol.
Irony
Dramatic Irony
-In Act 4, scene 1, Macbeth informs the audience of his plans to "seize upon Fife; give to the edge o'er the sword". In scene Lady Macduff in unaware of her danger until it is too late.
-In Act 3, scene 5, the witches commence their plans to bring about Macbeth's downfall, in Act 4, scene 1 Macbeth goes to the witches for counsel.
Situational Irony
-In Act 4, scene 1 Macbeth seeks out the witches for assurance, by the end of the scene he is less assured having scene the ghost of Banquo and a line of Kings.
Verbal Irony
Macbeth trusts the witches, and believes in the prophecies they tell him, in Act 4, scene 1 in reaction to the apparitions says "damn'd all those that trust them"
Pathetic Fallacy
Pathetic fallacy sets the atmosphere for the audience and demonstrates aspects of the events. During scene 1 while the witches speak their is thunder, demonstrating the evil nature of their acts.
Birds
Birds are mentioned at many instances in the play; in Act 4, scene 2, Lady Macduff and her son speak about birds to represent their lives and feelings
Allegory
Used to convey an idea to the audience. In Act 4, Shakespeare is telling the audience that once someone starts down the path of evil they will continue on.
Blank Verse
Blank verse is the way in which the nobles speak, the commoners speak in prose. The blank verse helps to differentiate commoners from nobility and adds an air of elegance to noble characters.
Stream-of-Consciousness
Demonstrates the thought process of the character. Stream-of-consciousness is seen in Act 4, scene 1 after Macbeth see's the line of kings, he is suprised and lack of fluidity as well as questionement shows that. At the end of the scene Macbeth's aside provides insight into the impulsive actions he takes as he reveals that "the flighty purpose never is o'ertook/ unless the deed go with it"
In Act 4, Scene 3
After Macduff discovers his wife, children, and all his servants were killed, Malcolm says "Our great revenge to cure this deadly grief." Yet no amount of revenge can cause Macduff to forgot about what is most "precious" to him.
In Act 4, Scene 2
Lady Macduff states that Macduff is a "traitor." However, in reality he is a honest man and determined to deliver Scotland from the hands of a traitor.
Macduff's son told his mother that "Poor birds they are not set for," Meaning traps are set for the rich, and not the poor. Ironically, he comes from a rich family and he will be next to die.
(Act 4, Scene 2)
Through the appearance of the eight kings, which are descendents of Banquo it is evident that Macbeth will be defeated, Yet he still strives to gain remain the king of Scotland
(Scene 1)
Lady Macbeth asks her son, "How will you live?" And the answer is "as birds do" alluding to Matthew 6:26 (Look at the birdsof the air; they do not sow and reap and store barns, yet your heavenly Father feeds them.)
In the beginning of scene 3, Malcom tells Macduff that it would be better to "to offer up a weak, poor, innocent lamb (Malcolm) to appease an angry god (Macbeth)"
This can be an allusion of Jesus Christ being the sacrificial Lamb.
Lady Macbeth:
..."How will you live"
Son:
"As birds do, mother."
Lady Macbeth:
"What with worms and flies"
Son: "
With what I get, I mean; and so do they."

When Lady Macbeth asked "with worms and flies?" it could have meant that he would rot in his grave with worms and flies. Coincidentally, her son accepted it.

Verbal Irony
Act 4, Scene 3
Macduff- "Bleed, Bleed Poor country"
In Macbeth, Blood, symblizes evil deeds and guilt.
Water
In Macbeth, water represents the desire to cleansed from ones sins and guilt.
Irony serves to provide humour.
Symbolism
Symbols represent a idea or concept beyond it's denotation.
Appearance versus Reality
Verbal Irony
Situational Irony
"Let's make us medicines of our great revenge"
-Malcolm
Verbal Irony
"But yet I'll make assurance double sure./ And take a bond of fate: though shalt not live" -Macbeth
Matthew 6:26
"And the powers above/ put on their instruments. Receive what cheer you may;/ The night is long that never finds the day" -Malcolm
Be this the whetstone of your sword: let grief/ Convert to anger; blunt not the heart, enrage it" -Malcolm
Owl
Symbolizes the night and darkness.
Also symbolizes Macbeth
Verbal Irony
Full transcript