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Yellow River Piano Concerto

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by

Joel Curtis

on 24 February 2014

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Transcript of Yellow River Piano Concerto

Yellow River Piano Concerto
Mvmt II and III
Links to 19th Century
Russian Music and
Romanticism
Harmony
Classical
Romantic
Tonic, Subdominant, Dominant, Tonic progressions almost exclusively

I ---> IV (or ii) ---> V ---> I

First inversions only (second inversion is very rare)

Some use of 7ths, usually on the dominant

Secondary dominants lead to their tonic

Mixture chords from parallel key
Progressions are more extensive, unpredictable and chromatic - rules are made to be broken


Use of any chord inversion


Many 7ths and use of 9ths, 11ths, 13ths.

Secondary dominants free stand or resolve differently

Mixture chords more freely derived
I
IV
ii
I
V/V
V
V
7
V
I
I
6
I
I
V/vi
IV
vi
V/V
V
6
4
Yellow River - Mvmt II
Mozart Piano Concerto No. 6 in Bb Major K. 238 III
This is similar to:
Schumann Piano Fantasy in C Major
3rd Movement
Listen...
VI
I
IV
This is similar to:
IV
V /vi
I
7
Listen...
Dresser - On The Banks Of The Wabash
Or we can analyse this chord a different way...

As an altered iii to major (III).

This is called a 'double mixture chord.'




or III
V/V
V
9
I
6
Yellow River - Mvmt III
To recap:
Yellow River contains examples of romantic harmony:
Unresolved or differently resolving secondary dominants

Double mixture chords (chromatic)

Use of 7ths, 9ths, 11ths and 13ths.

Free use of all chord inversions - especially second inversion

Extended and frequent use of chromatic harmony
19th Century Russian Music
Rachmaninoff
Smetana
Mussorgsky
Tchaikovsky
Borodin
Prince Igor - Overture
Ma Vlast - Vltava (Moldau)
Programmatic music depicting the water flowing down the river Moldau

Similar depictions in Yellow River.

Use of fast scalic passages
These scalic passages often utilise chromaticism

These are set against a strong folk melody.
Piano Concerto No.2 III
Pictures at an Exhibition
1812 Overture
listen...
from 1'05"

Rapid arpeggiated "quasi glissandi" passage after the Presto
Similar to the gesture found at the opening of Yellow River III

Strong melodic content harmonised with strong chords in the right hand and tuplet figures (often cross rhythmic) in the left hand
Similar to what is found in Yellow River II
listen...
Use of a descending bass pattern (often by chromatic step)
Found in Yellow River II and III

Chordal accompaniment of a prominent melody (often with doubling) employing chromatic harmony
Found in Yellow River II

NB: Overture was posthumously composed by Glazunov based on a plan by the original composer using the material already composed for the opera.
listen...
from 3'15"

Programmatic - depicting the walk through an art gallery and the viewers emotional response to each picture.

Promenade and The Great Gate at Kiev are reminiscent of Russian nationalist song and folk tune.
The strident block chords depict the Russian sense of National pride and loyalty musically.
Yellow River employs the same use of folk song and depicts Chinese nationalist ideals.
listen...
This is also
found in:

Programmatic depiction of the Russian victory over the French

Heavy nationalistic themes with quotations of the French and Russian Anthems (God Save the Tsar - this is often censored and omitted)

As in previous examples, these devices can be found throughout the Yellow River Concerto
listen...
www.youtoube.com/asdfg;asdgasgnlk
Full transcript