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Colonial New York
Transcript of Colonial New York
Giovanni de Verrazano explored where New York is now in 1524. Later, Henry Hudson and Samuel de Champlain explored that same area in the early 1600's. The Dutch came to [Dutch named] New Netherland aka New York. The first permanent Dutch settlement was established in 1624 in Albany but back then it was called Fort Orange. One year later Peter Minuit bought Manhattan Island from the Indians for trinkets worth about 60 Dutch Guilders and founded the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam (now New York City). New York is in the Middle Colonies group
How Money Worked
As we said on the last slide, Peter Minuit bought Mannhattan for 60 Dutch guilders which is equivalent to around 1,000 dollars today. That's nothing for a whole city!
Colonists made their living in a variety of ways: fur, lumber trading, shipping, the slave trade, and as merchants and tradesman in the colony's towns. Most colonists were farmers, who cleared large areas of land to grow crops. Most people grew corn because people and animals can both eat it. Some colonists grew flax, tobacco, and vegetables.
New York was situated between the Puritan colonies of New England and the Catholic colony of Maryland, so the settlers were of many faiths. They had considerable religious freedom. It can be said that Protestantism was the main religion in colonial New York. This was because both the Dutch and the English were Protestant, and wanted their colonies to be Protestant too.
In colonial New York there were mountains in the northeast, lowlands by the Canadian border, and an Atlantic coastal plain. The climate was mild in summers and average cold in the winters.
What's Unique about New York?
Why come to New York?
Please come to New York because whatever religion you are you are welcome to come to New York. We also have A LOT of corn. Ok ok we have A LOT of corn.
Colonial New York.
George Washington was inaugurated as President of the United States in New York City on April 30, 1789. New York City was the new country's first capital city.
Approximately one-third of the American Revolution battles were fought in the New York Colony.
Albany became New York's capital city in January 1797.
From 1892 - 1954 it is estimated that millions of immigrants came to the United States via Ellis Island in New York.
It is also estimated that as many as 40% of all Americans had at least one ancestor that came through Ellis Island.
Zachary & Ava