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Lesson 1: The Black Death - Introduction
Transcript of Lesson 1: The Black Death - Introduction
Movement of planets and suns - breathing in bad air
G-d and the Devil
Invisible fumes or poisons in the air
What do people believe now caused the Black Death?
• Bubonic plague was spread by fleas which lived on the black rats.
• The fleas sucked the rats blood which contained the plague germs.
• When the rat dies the fleas jump onto humans and passed on the deadly disease.
What was The Black Death?
A devastating plague that broke out in Europe in the 14th century.
The disease spread rapidly from China to Italy and then to the rest of Europe.
Infection was carried by fleas that lived on rats.
Unhygenic and cramped living conditions of the time greatly contributed to the rapid spread.
The drastic loss of life caused by The Black Death had a dramatic impact on medieval society.
Year 8 Integrated Studies: SOSE/History
The Black Death
of plague in
1347: Plague reaches
Constantinople Siege of
Cafta in the Crimea.
Plague reaches Sicily,
Cyprus and North Africa.
1348: Plague reaches
Scotland, Wales, Ireland
Persecution of Jews in
Flagellant Movement in
1350: Plague reaches
1351: Plague reaches
1352: Plague reaches
1665-66: Great Plague
1. How many years did it take for The Black Death to spread from Central Asia to Sicily?
2. How many years did it take The Black Death to spread from Central Asia to Scotland, Wales and Ireland?
3. How many years did it take for The Black Death to spread from Central Asia to Germany?
4. How many years did it take for The Black Death to spread from Central Asia to Russia?
5. How long did it take until The Black Death ran its course the first time?
6. How many times did the plague recur in Europe?
Three times (including the Great Plague of London in 1665.
The Black Plague
Outbreak in 1346
Cyprus, North Africa.
Scotland, Wales, Ireland,
Scandinavia, Germany, Poland, Russia.
Affects in European society:
Persecution of Jews
End of 13th century
marked end of warm period
Malnutrition lead to
weakened immunity and
increased susceptibility to
and lack of hygiene
Symptoms: Swollen lymph glands in
neck, armpit and groin. Oozed pus and
blood. Followed by fever and vomiting.
Most victims died within 2 - 7 days after
Blamed minority groups and created religious rituals to ward of disease.
Key Questions to be explored in unit:
1. How did people of the Middle Ages react to the catastrophe of The Black Death?
2. Why is The Black Death a significant event in the development of Western society?
3. How was European medieval society transformed by the Black Death?
Events in neighbouring countries that led to the initial spread of the disease.