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English oral Presentation

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Bevan O'Sullivan

on 25 May 2014

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Transcript of English oral Presentation

"how did you handle being inside?" -Lisa
"well, it's a state of mind really... when I was a kid I used to think that if I couldn't see something, it didnt exist. When I turned my back on something, it just disappeared." -Steve (page 17)

Stoicism (identity)
Cribb makes male dominance prevalent throughout 'The Return' as it is a key aspect of Australian culture today, which should not be ignored. Male dominance/ this sense of a patriarchal society still evident in today's culture and further leads most domestic households down the route of physical abuse towards woman.
Male dominance throughout the play
The Return By Regg Crib
“and they’ll all tell ya they had a tough life. You know, beaten up by their dad in trouble with the cops,
pisshead mum, rough school.”

“and I got all of the above”

“they leave their shitty as state school and live on the dole in their diddly bum fuck nowhere suburb” (page 34) - Steve

Class Structure
Context of Violence in Australia

Class Associated Violence
Alcohol Related Violence
English Oral Presentation

National Drug Strategy Household Survey 2007
o ¼ Australian are reported victims of alcohol related verbal abuse
o 4.5%of Australians over the age of 14 have been physically abused by someone who was under the influence of alcohol
o Males are 6% likely to be abused, which is twice the amount of women 3%

Link between Alcohol and Violence
o Positive correlation between alcohol consumption and rate of harm
o 2000/2001 Australia consumed 10.5L of pure alcohol per capita
o 2010/2011 Australia consumed 9.9L of pure alcohol per capita
All statistics from The Australian Institute of Criminology

Children without Year 12 graduation/non school qualification:

Partnered parents= 23.6%
Lone parents= 39.3%

Bachelor degree or higher:

Partnered parents=24.4%
Lone parents= 11.7%

Australian Institute of Criminology:
1/3 of Australian males believe that the use of violence towards a spouse or child may be justified in certain circumstances

46% of victims of domestic violence relied on sole parents pensions as their main source of income

Dependent families/single parenting:
77% of lone fathers in labor force, 72% equal fully employed

60% of lone mothers in labor force, 55% equal fully employed

By Robyn, Claudia, David and Bevan
Victims of Domestic Violence; % of people seeking emergency relief
Fortnightly household income;
$0 - $115 21.5%
$309 - $462 31.6%
Over $963 0.70%

73% of those that call for assistance in domestic violence are women.

33.3% of women had experienced physical violence since the age of 15.
“Poor Trev. He’s been hangin’ around me ever since I stopped him from hangin’ himself. He’d been slashing up over all sorts of stuff. Family stuff mainly.” (page 15) - Steve
Cribb exemplifies family problems throughout the play through the use of dialogue between characters and identifies the fact that Trev and Steve (both of a lower socio economic class) come from an up bringing which both take the path of negligence... which further results in domestic violence
Statistics prove that there is a strong link between sole parenting and domestic violence
Further evidence that children whom have sole parents, on average have less (quality and quantity) of education- domino effect
Reflected in the play:

“Right, why are you going to Fremantle?” – Lisa
“Because the train doesn’t go any further.” – Steve (page 17)

“shame isn’t it?”- Steve
“what is?” – Lisa
“How blokes can’t speak their mind anymore” – Steve
(page 13)
“And he never tells me what’s going on inside his head. Ever.” -Maureen
Examples From The Text

“And now…well…it’s just… you know he drinks. [She takes another huge swig from the bottle]”

“You know, beaten up by their dad, in trouble with the cops piss head mum, rough school”

“And you…drink with ya mates”

“This sort of shit goes on every night on these trains and no one ever does anything about it. No one ever steps in to help.”
Influence on Australian Identity

Alcohol plays many roles in contemporary
Australian society – as a relaxant, as an
accompaniment to socialising and celebration,
as a source of employment and exports, and as
a generator of tax revenue. It is intrinsically part
of Australian culture.

1. “her centre link payments have gone up and all her fat friends are waitin’ in line behind her.”

2. “They’ll all tell you they had a tough life. You know, beaten up by their dad, in-trouble with the cops, pisshead mom, and rough school.”

3. “its like that footage they kept playing on the news over and over again, of that poor bastard getting the bejesus kicked out of him on the train…he was probably one of your mates.” Pg 19

4. “ Scuse me, miss. I know you’re gonna think this is terribly forward of me, but you are dead set beautiful woman ive ever seen catch this train before. Dead – set”

• Increased exposure of violence among lower classes
• Prevalence rates of prisoners
• Social class is a repetitive cycle
• Set of the play (train) implies classes
By Australian law everyone is to have equal rights and opportunities.
however through the play we see that this is not the case due to lack of education which is due to lack of money, almost like a domino effect.

It is said that through hard work we are able to realise our ambitions.
Once again we see this domino effect. Without money we are unable to get a start with our ambitions or even get the education required to make a start on the ambitions. But again we are unable to make a start because of the lack of education which also causes a lack of money

characterization used by Cribb- demonstrates the dependent relationship Steve and Trev have one another.
Steve- To give Trev an influence or superior male to look up (representing the probable lost relationship with Trev and his dad)
Trev- To allow Steve to take that father role and dominate over another male (as he was probably inferior to his father)
Stage direction:
Steve walks over to Trev, then pushes his head into a pole.
Steve: "hey, hey! Don't be a prick, okay?!"
He releases him.

Steve starts clapping (towards Maureen when she states that people of 'Steve's kind are lower class trash')
Dramatic Conventions that we would use;

To emphasize violence throughout the play costuming could be further utilized to create affect within the play.
the affects created through this convention include, buildup of intensity, of which fear is the bi product.
via costuming class difference is established
an audience can further relate to the play as they gain a sense of fear through this costume of the lower class.
i.e. Maureen; covering up of skin.

Dramatic Conventions that we would use;

more emphasis on dimming of light in different scenarios
i.e. when scene gets more violent (high lighted or low lighted to increase intensity)
flickering of light when passing lower classed suburbs.
lighting on audience to reflect real life issues
i.e. toward the end when Maureen stays on train.
Dramatic Conventions that we would use;

removal of fire arm from the writer. (substituted with one punch)
Maureen dropping a handbag with rope tied in a noose falling out of the bag.
Maureen having a child with her, running away from domestic violence with her husband.
Posters on the train of alcohol abuse (think before you drink) - creates irony/hypocrisy of Australian culture
Domestic violence is an important issue within our society, don't ignore it.
Full transcript