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High Blood Pressure

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Fantastic Five

on 28 October 2013

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Transcript of High Blood Pressure

Created By Celeste Leong, Georgia Maskell, Celina Vo and Shabab Hasan

High Blood Pressure
(Hypertension)

1.Aetiology
2.Treatment
- Lifestyle Modifications
-Drugs
3. Role of Health Care Professionals
-Outline
-Comparison and Contrast
4. Video
5.Teamwork Processes
6. References
CONTENTS:
Aetiology
Summary
Issues
- overweight,
- alcohol consumption,
- physical inactivity,
- dietary salt intake and nutrition patterns -eg. low intake of fruit and vegetables + a high intake of saturated fat.
- Stress raises blood pressure transiently


- Renal
-Cardiovascular - coarctation of the aorta
-Endocrine
- Other- steroid therapy

Team Processes
Finding TIME to hold meetings and rehearsals was the biggest issue.
To overcome this we adopted several strategies:
- One meeting per week
- Skype
- Google Doc
- Text messaging

1-3
● There are two types of hypertension (primary and secondary).

● Treatments include:
- HCPs
- lifestyle changes
- medicine

● Support services (Heart Foundation etc)


Primary Hypertension:
Secondary Hypertension:
Treatment
Lifestyle Modifications
Drug Treatments
Role of Health care Professionals
management of hypertension 2008

Hotline/email

External resources

Brochures/CMI

Support Services
Support Services
References
1. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. High Blood Pressure [Internet] [Updated 2013; cited 2013 Aug 12]. Available from: http://www.aihw.gov.au/high-blood-pressure/.
2. State Government of Victoria. Blood pressure (high) - hypertension [Updated August 2011; cited 15 August 2013]. Available from: http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Hypertension_means_high_blood_pressure#
3. Royal Childrens Hospital Melbourne. Hypertension - Simple Table to Identify Children and Adolescents Needing Further Evaluation of Blood Pressure [Updated 22 March 2013 cited 16 August 2013 ]. Available from:
http://www.rch.org.au/clinicalguide/guideline_index/Hypertension/.
4. Heart & Stroke Foundation. Hypertension Management Program Resources [Internet] [Updated 2013; cited 18 August 2013]. Available from: http://www.heartandstroke.on.ca/site/c.pvI3IeNWJwE/b.5339643/k.6DE9/HCP__Hypertension_Management_Program_Resources.htm.
5. Gibbons, G. (2013) “Your Guide to Lowering High Blood Pressure” http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/hbp/prevent/prevent.htm (accessed 14 August 2013)
6. @-GPS. I'm in pain, I don't want to exercise! [Internet] [updated 2013 July 24; cited2013 October 25 ]. Available from: http://www.e-gps.com.au/im-in-pain-i-dont-want-to-exercise/.
7. Gourmet UT. Unkle Timz No Salt Salsa 17 oz jar [Internet] [updated 2012; cited2013 October 25]. Available from: http://www.jazzed1.com/unkletimz/scripts/prodView.asp?idproduct=19.
8. 123RF Limited. Stock Photo - No smoking SIgn [Internet] [updated 2013; cited2013 October 25]. Available from: http://www.123rf.com/photo_6182240_no-smoking-sign.html.
9. Neuronarrative. Does Making a Public Commitment Really Help People Lose Weight? [Internet] [updated 2010 January 10; cited2013 October 27]. Available from: http://neuronarrative.wordpress.com/2010/01/10/does-making-a-public-commitment-really-help-people-lose-weight/.
10. Rossi S. Hypertension [Internet]. Australian Medicines Handbook [Updated 2013 July ; cited 2013 August 10]. Available from: https://www-amh-net-au.ezproxy1.library.usyd.edu.au/online/view.php?page=chapter6/treathypertension.t.html#hypertension.t.
11. 5. Be Healthy and Well. What I Think Led to My Elevated Blood Pressure [Internet] [updated 2012 November 18; cited2013 October 25]. Available from: http://www.behealthyandwell.com/2012/09/my-elevated-blood-pressure.html.
12. Baggio. Top 6 causes of High Blood Pressure [Internet] [updated 2012 October 11; cited2013 October 25]. Available from: http://bloodpressurecure.org/top-6-causes-of-high-blood-pressure/.
13. Heart Foundation. Heart Foundation Home [Internet] [updated 2010; cited2013 October 25]. Available from: http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/information-for-professionals/Clinical-Information/Pages/hypertension.aspx.
14. NSW Ministry of Health. Home page [Internet] [updated 2013 June 5; cited2013 October 25]. Available from: http://www.dpc.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/image/0003/128703/health.jpg.
15. NSW Ministry of Health. NSW Pain Management Plan 2012-2016 [updated 2012; cited2013 October 21]. Available from: http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/cdm/Documents/NSW%20Pain%20Management%20Taskforce
16. Daily Strength Inc. Daily Strength Support Groups Home [Internet] [updated 2012; cited25 October 2013]. Available from: http://www.dailystrength.org/.%20Report_%20Response.pdf.
17. HBPRCA. High Blood Presssure Research Council of Australia Home [Internet] [updated 2013; cited2013 October 25]. Available from: http://www.hbprca.com.au/.
18. PHA Australia. Home Page [Internet] [updated 2013 October 23; cited2013 October 27]. Available from: http://www.phaaustralia.com.au/files/new%20logo%20simon%202013%20small%20for%20website%20copy(2).jpeg.
19. PHSANZ. Home Page [Internet] [updated 2011; cited2013 October 25]. Available from: http://www.phsanz.com.au/.
4-5
Figure 1: The Benefits of Exercise [6]
Roles of Health Care professionals in the Treatment of Hypertension
Specialists (i.e. cardiologist)
General Practitioners
Pharmacists
Nutritionists / Dietitians
Occupational Therapists
Exercise Physiologists / Trainers

Role of a Cardiologist and General Practitioner
Patient testing or monitoring
Examination of test results to determine an accurate diagnosis
Decide an effective and appropriate treatment
Counsel the patient about the condition, its causes, treatment and answer any questions the patient may have
Possibly refer the patient to another HCP (e.g. nutritionist or occupational therapist)

Role of a Pharmacist
Dispense the prescribed medications
Inform the patient about the medication
Supply the patient with further information about the medication (e.g. CMI) and other possible treatments and beneficial lifestyle adjustments
Answer any questions the patient may have

Role of Nutritionists, Occupational Therapists and Exercise Physiologists
Educate the patient about lifestyle changes that compliment medication
Provide support and guidance for patients in making lifestyle changes

Comparison of the Roles of Various Health Care Professionals
Similarities:
- Patient education
Differences:
- Amount of contact with patient
- Specific role
- Type of interaction with patient

Interview with a pharmacist
Figure 2: Reduction in Salt intake benefits the management of hypertension (7)
Figure 3: Smoking cessation aidsthe management of hypertension [8]
Figure 4: Losing weight is another strategy to lower one's blood pressure (9)
Figure 5: Drug treatments only implemented for severe risk categories of hypertension (11)
Figure 6: A multifaceted treatment apporach is needed in effectively managing hypertension (12)
Figure 7: Information and logo from the Heart Foundation [13]
Figure 8: NSW Health's logo [14]
Figure 9: the different tiers of healthcare support services provided [15]
Figure 9: Daily strength support group's logo [16]
Figure 10: High Blood Pressure Research Council of Australia [17]
Figure 11: Pulmonary Hypertension Association Australia's logo [18]
Figure 12:Pulmonary Hypertension society of Australia and New Zealand's logo [19]
10
Which one of these are government support services?
A) Heart Foundation

B) Pain Management Plan

C) PHAA

D) PHSANZ
What is not a cause of primary hypertension?
A) alcohol consumption

B) overweight

C) physical inactivity

D) sleeping
Full transcript