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High Blood Pressure
Transcript of High Blood Pressure
High Blood Pressure
- Lifestyle Modifications
3. Role of Health Care Professionals
-Comparison and Contrast
- alcohol consumption,
- physical inactivity,
- dietary salt intake and nutrition patterns -eg. low intake of fruit and vegetables + a high intake of saturated fat.
- Stress raises blood pressure transiently
-Cardiovascular - coarctation of the aorta
- Other- steroid therapy
Finding TIME to hold meetings and rehearsals was the biggest issue.
To overcome this we adopted several strategies:
- One meeting per week
- Google Doc
- Text messaging
● There are two types of hypertension (primary and secondary).
● Treatments include:
- lifestyle changes
● Support services (Heart Foundation etc)
Role of Health care Professionals
management of hypertension 2008
1. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. High Blood Pressure [Internet] [Updated 2013; cited 2013 Aug 12]. Available from: http://www.aihw.gov.au/high-blood-pressure/.
2. State Government of Victoria. Blood pressure (high) - hypertension [Updated August 2011; cited 15 August 2013]. Available from: http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Hypertension_means_high_blood_pressure#
3. Royal Childrens Hospital Melbourne. Hypertension - Simple Table to Identify Children and Adolescents Needing Further Evaluation of Blood Pressure [Updated 22 March 2013 cited 16 August 2013 ]. Available from:
4. Heart & Stroke Foundation. Hypertension Management Program Resources [Internet] [Updated 2013; cited 18 August 2013]. Available from: http://www.heartandstroke.on.ca/site/c.pvI3IeNWJwE/b.5339643/k.6DE9/HCP__Hypertension_Management_Program_Resources.htm.
5. Gibbons, G. (2013) “Your Guide to Lowering High Blood Pressure” http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/hbp/prevent/prevent.htm (accessed 14 August 2013)
6. @-GPS. I'm in pain, I don't want to exercise! [Internet] [updated 2013 July 24; cited2013 October 25 ]. Available from: http://www.e-gps.com.au/im-in-pain-i-dont-want-to-exercise/.
7. Gourmet UT. Unkle Timz No Salt Salsa 17 oz jar [Internet] [updated 2012; cited2013 October 25]. Available from: http://www.jazzed1.com/unkletimz/scripts/prodView.asp?idproduct=19.
8. 123RF Limited. Stock Photo - No smoking SIgn [Internet] [updated 2013; cited2013 October 25]. Available from: http://www.123rf.com/photo_6182240_no-smoking-sign.html.
9. Neuronarrative. Does Making a Public Commitment Really Help People Lose Weight? [Internet] [updated 2010 January 10; cited2013 October 27]. Available from: http://neuronarrative.wordpress.com/2010/01/10/does-making-a-public-commitment-really-help-people-lose-weight/.
10. Rossi S. Hypertension [Internet]. Australian Medicines Handbook [Updated 2013 July ; cited 2013 August 10]. Available from: https://www-amh-net-au.ezproxy1.library.usyd.edu.au/online/view.php?page=chapter6/treathypertension.t.html#hypertension.t.
11. 5. Be Healthy and Well. What I Think Led to My Elevated Blood Pressure [Internet] [updated 2012 November 18; cited2013 October 25]. Available from: http://www.behealthyandwell.com/2012/09/my-elevated-blood-pressure.html.
12. Baggio. Top 6 causes of High Blood Pressure [Internet] [updated 2012 October 11; cited2013 October 25]. Available from: http://bloodpressurecure.org/top-6-causes-of-high-blood-pressure/.
13. Heart Foundation. Heart Foundation Home [Internet] [updated 2010; cited2013 October 25]. Available from: http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/information-for-professionals/Clinical-Information/Pages/hypertension.aspx.
14. NSW Ministry of Health. Home page [Internet] [updated 2013 June 5; cited2013 October 25]. Available from: http://www.dpc.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/image/0003/128703/health.jpg.
15. NSW Ministry of Health. NSW Pain Management Plan 2012-2016 [updated 2012; cited2013 October 21]. Available from: http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/cdm/Documents/NSW%20Pain%20Management%20Taskforce
16. Daily Strength Inc. Daily Strength Support Groups Home [Internet] [updated 2012; cited25 October 2013]. Available from: http://www.dailystrength.org/.%20Report_%20Response.pdf.
17. HBPRCA. High Blood Presssure Research Council of Australia Home [Internet] [updated 2013; cited2013 October 25]. Available from: http://www.hbprca.com.au/.
18. PHA Australia. Home Page [Internet] [updated 2013 October 23; cited2013 October 27]. Available from: http://www.phaaustralia.com.au/files/new%20logo%20simon%202013%20small%20for%20website%20copy(2).jpeg.
19. PHSANZ. Home Page [Internet] [updated 2011; cited2013 October 25]. Available from: http://www.phsanz.com.au/.
Figure 1: The Benefits of Exercise 
Roles of Health Care professionals in the Treatment of Hypertension
Specialists (i.e. cardiologist)
Nutritionists / Dietitians
Exercise Physiologists / Trainers
Role of a Cardiologist and General Practitioner
Patient testing or monitoring
Examination of test results to determine an accurate diagnosis
Decide an effective and appropriate treatment
Counsel the patient about the condition, its causes, treatment and answer any questions the patient may have
Possibly refer the patient to another HCP (e.g. nutritionist or occupational therapist)
Role of a Pharmacist
Dispense the prescribed medications
Inform the patient about the medication
Supply the patient with further information about the medication (e.g. CMI) and other possible treatments and beneficial lifestyle adjustments
Answer any questions the patient may have
Role of Nutritionists, Occupational Therapists and Exercise Physiologists
Educate the patient about lifestyle changes that compliment medication
Provide support and guidance for patients in making lifestyle changes
Comparison of the Roles of Various Health Care Professionals
- Patient education
- Amount of contact with patient
- Specific role
- Type of interaction with patient
Interview with a pharmacist
Figure 2: Reduction in Salt intake benefits the management of hypertension (7)
Figure 3: Smoking cessation aidsthe management of hypertension 
Figure 4: Losing weight is another strategy to lower one's blood pressure (9)
Figure 5: Drug treatments only implemented for severe risk categories of hypertension (11)
Figure 6: A multifaceted treatment apporach is needed in effectively managing hypertension (12)
Figure 7: Information and logo from the Heart Foundation 
Figure 8: NSW Health's logo 
Figure 9: the different tiers of healthcare support services provided 
Figure 9: Daily strength support group's logo 
Figure 10: High Blood Pressure Research Council of Australia 
Figure 11: Pulmonary Hypertension Association Australia's logo 
Figure 12:Pulmonary Hypertension society of Australia and New Zealand's logo 
Which one of these are government support services?
A) Heart Foundation
B) Pain Management Plan
What is not a cause of primary hypertension?
A) alcohol consumption
C) physical inactivity