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Dorothea Dix- Reformer

Prezi about Dorothea Dix (1802-1887) and her work as a reformer in American History

Monica Phan

on 6 April 2011

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Transcript of Dorothea Dix- Reformer

...Dorothea Dix... By: Thuy Thai & Monica Phan Who Was Dorothea Dix? Dorothea Lynde Dix was born April 4, 1802 in Hampden, District of Maine, MA. She was an American eduator, social reformer, and humanitarian whose devotion to the welfare of the mentally ill lead to widespread reforms in the U.S. and abroad. By the time she was 12, she left home to live and study with her grandmother. Two years later, she was teaching in a school for young girls. How Does Dorothea Tie Into the Prison Treatment of the Mentally Ill Reform??? In 1812, she opened a school for girls, but in the mid-1830's periods of intensive teaching were interrupted by periods of ill health. Eventually, she abandoned teaching & left Boston Boston England After about 2 years in England, she returned back home to Boston. To her surprise, she learned that she inherited a sum of money sufficient to support her comfortably for life. In 1841, she accepted a challenge from a young clergyman asking her to being a Sunday school class in the East Cambridge House of Correction in M.A., which was a woman's jail. After accepting the challenge, she began teaching the Sunday School, and she noticed how the prisoners were locked up unclothed, in the darkness, with no heat, and chained to the walls getting fogged just because they were women that were mentally ill. Dorothea also noticed that the mentally ill women often recieved no treatment. Dorothea confronted the Massachusetts Legislature and insisted on improving the care of the mentally ill. To spread the word, Dorothea travelled all over the United States on behalf of the mentally ill. Because of Dorothea's speeches and such, 32 new hospitals were built. In Italy, she met Pope Pius IX to personally inspect the awful conditions she saw in the prisons. She fostered the reorganization, enlargement, and restaffing for existing hospitals. Dorothea inspired others to help people with disabilities; Thomas H. Gallaudent started the 1st American School for the deaf in 1817, and Samuel G.Howe started the Perkins School for the Blind in 1830 In 1887, Dorothea died in the hospital she founded.
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