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Acid Rain

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by

Annie Lee

on 13 January 2014

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Transcript of Acid Rain

NATURAL
SYSTEMS AFFECTED
Biosphere:
Birds, humans, land and sea life, plants

Lithosphere:
Caves, soil, watershed, bedrock

Atmosphere:
Birds, clouds, dust, air borne particles

Hydrosphere:
lakes, fish & other aquatic life,

HOW THE
NATURAL SYSTEMS
ARE BEING CHANGED
HOW
CHANGES TO THE
NATURAL SYSTEMS AFFECT
HUMANS AND THE PLANET
Acid Rain
PROBLEMS

Human Causes & What Humans are doing to create the problem in the first place
Biosphere
WORKS CITED
"Acid Rain: Do You Need to Start Wearing a Rainhat?" Acid Rain, from USGS Water-Science School. Web. 11 Jan. 2014. <http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/acidrain.html>.

"Acid Rain." Government of Canada, Environment Canada. 17 July 2013. Web. 12 Jan. 2014. <http://www.ec.gc.ca/air/default.asp?lang=En>.

"Acid Rain Eating Washington, D C-NCTV7 VIDEO Discovery News." YouTube. YouTube, 26 June 2009. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. <

Briney, Amanda. "Acid Rain." About.com Geography. About.com. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. <http://geography.about.com/od/globalproblemsandissues/a/acidrain.htm>.
Dowdey, Sarah. "How Acid Rain Works." HowStuffWorks. HowStuffWorks, Inc. Web. 09 Jan. 2014. <http://science.howstuffworks.com/nature/climate-weather/atmospheric/acid-rain2.htm>.

EPA. Environmental Protection Agency. Web. 11 Jan. 2014. <http://www.epa.gov/acidrain/index.html>.

HowStuffWorks Videos Water in Our Environment Acid Rain. YouTube. YouTube, 17 Feb. 2009. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. <

"Introduction to Acid Rain." Introduction to Acid Rain. Web. 9 Jan. 2014. <http://www.enviropedia.org.uk/Acid_Rain/Acid_Rain_Introduction.php>.

Pynn, Larry. "'World's Richest' Wild Trout Stream Threatened by Acid Rock Damage." Www.vancouversun.com. Postmedia Network Inc., 6 Jan. 2014. Web. 13 Jan. 2014. <http://www.vancouversun.com/search/World richest wild trout stream threatened acid rock damage/9353188/story.html>.

Shapley, Dan. "Vehicles Are Not the Cause of Most Acid Rain." The Daily Green. Hearst Communications, Inc. Web. 12 Jan. 2014. <http://www.thedailygreen.com/environmental-news/latest/Acid-Rain-Vehicles-Coal-47102213>.

Thadani, Rahul. Buzzle. Buzzle.com, 30 Oct. 2013. Web. 12 Jan. 2014. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/acid-rain-solutions.html>.

"Weathering." - National Geographic Education. National Geographic Society. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. <http://education.nationalgeographic.com/education/encyclopedia/weathering/?ar_a=1>.
BY KING ANNIE LEE
BLK C, YEH

SOLUTIONS
TO THE PROBLEM
What is Acid Rain?

There are 2 types: Wet Deposits & Dry Deposits

Wet Deposits- think precipitation ie: rain, snow, fog, mist, etc. become acidic;



Dry Deposits- when gases and other particles ( think dust) become acidic
When sulfur oxide and nitrogen oxide combine with water to make sulfuric acid and nitric acid
Political
-the government's value of economical growth over the environment

-weak regulations for coal and power plants


Economical
-Industries reliance to coal and power plants for energy

-Hunger for economical growth that companies are blinded sided to the the long term consequences
Environmental
- humans causing continuous strains on limestone lakes render them less effective over time in neutralising acid rain
--> more and more limestone is required neutralise the increase amount of acid rain- yet there is only a limited amount locate in the lakes
Social
-increase usage of cars, airplanes and other transport

-Consumer society drives the need for industry causing an increase in demand for cheap energy which is fossil fuel - which in turns leads back to
acid rain
Hydrosphere
Atmosphere
Lithosphere
-Limestone lakes and any other basic lakes are all being worn down with the increase of acid rain

-causes clay soil to release aluminum and magnesium which futher lowers the pH in water
-increase of acidity in many bodies of water causing many fishes to die & other aquatic life to die

-acid breaks down the coating on plants which in turns allows the acid to enter the plant which messes with photosynthesis

-kills micro organisms located in soil

-mutations more likely to happen

-causes trees to yellow, damages bark, stunts growth
-makes trees vulerable to extreme weather, insects and illnesses

-Forests are destroy because reason above
- accelerates deterioration of buildings and monuments
-gravestones are eventually so worn you can't make out the writing anymore

-dissolves limestone, granite and other basic rocks
-disrupts soil nutrient

-limestone caves are formed overtime
-Less fish for birds to eat
Environment
Economical
Social
Political
-less fish for birds, humans and other animals to eat
No, this doesn't happen but it would've been pretty interesting to see the social consequences like this
-acidic chemicals get mixed into
the dust and particles in the air

-build up of acidic pollutants in
the clouds


-SEE 'HOW NATURAL SYSTEMS ARE BEING CHANGED' BUBBLE
&

-Damages very inconvenient if human race wants to continue living on earth

-crop damages

-fish fatalities

-plant fatalities
-roads, railroads, bridges could be damaged therefore government
must trick us into paying more taxes to pay for fixing this problem

-must pretend to care even if they don't if they want to get voted into office

-1990 clean air act amendments

-less delicious fish to eat

-less beautiful sea creatures to look at

-can't swim in acidic bodies of water; it's dangerous


- Crops damaged = lots of $$ lost

- maple syrup industry damaged cause
maple trees are damaged

-logging industry damaged = less jobs

-$$ to repaid corroding buildings and
structures

-Fisheries suffer massive lost

-some auto manufacturers
are using acid resistant
paint

I put this twice because it'll have twice the impact
Prevention
Treatment
Knowledge
Adjustment
Philosophy
-"Watch your wake" goes back to everything you do no matter how small will
affect and create change in something else
-All actions have impact, and it's up to me and you to reduce that impact or ripple.
-Be mindful of what you buy, because that supports the fossil burning- acid rain causing industry.
-Be mindful of turning off your lights

-"Sustainable development" is making sure
can meet everyone's basic needs while
still being able to fulfill the needs of the
future.- meaning if we use less
now, acid rain doesn't have to be a
major problem for the future
generations.

-Did you turn off the light after exiting the room?Small details,
save energy which means less fossil fuels are needed

-get into the habit of buying more environmentally friendly, unplugging your electronics

-inform others!
-Realise what is a need and what is a want and focus on reducing the want catagory, because the money spent on those new pants will go to the industry releasing pollutants that cause acid rain

-enlighten yourself on easy tips on how to save energy around the house.ie: unplug your electronics
-enlighten yourself on the consequences of ignoring the facts of acid rain ie: trees more suspectiable to illnesses
-require plants to have clean smoke stacks by using scrubbers which reduce the amount of sulfur by 90%

-Inspect industries regularly for clean emission equipment ie: chimney, pipes, etc.

- add catalyic converters to cars
which makes toxic pollutants less harmful to the enviroment

-use alternative energy sources instead of fossil fuels like: nuclear power, hydro power, wind power, geothermal energy, and solar power

-stricter government enviromental laws
-clean up smoke stacks and exhaust pipes

-liming : adding limestone to acidic lakes to neutralise the acidity
Full transcript