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The Influence of European Reformers and Church Leaders on Religious Changes 1529-70

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llywelyn morgan

on 29 January 2013

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Transcript of The Influence of European Reformers and Church Leaders on Religious Changes 1529-70

How much did European Reformers and Church leaders influence Religious changes 1529-1570? martin luther philip melanchthon heinrich bullinger martin bucer cardinal pole john calvin william tyndale thomas cranmer thomas cromwell You could argue that he kick-started the Reformation in Europe and therefore the Tudor Reformation Support for Lutheran idea was minimal and lacked support especially from Henry VIII However, Elizabeth's church relied heavily on his ideas for organisation, hierarchy and rituals Questioned the Pope's authority 95 Theses criticising the Catholic Church Did not believe in ceremonies, sacraments or indulgences Kept correspondance with Cranmer so must have had some influence over his ideas Collaborated with Luther, therefore Luther's ideas did influence Edwardian reforms Swiss reformer and successor of Zwingli Entertained English churchmen. They returned after Mary's reign and distributed his writings in England Some historians count Bullinger and Bucer as the most influential theologians of the Anglican reformation Criticised the ecclesiastical hierarchy, promoted clerical marriage and attacked the use of images in places of worship. Invited to England by Thomas Cranmer His critique of Cranmer's 1549 Prayer Book was incorporated into the 1552 version, and he advised on the Ordinal of 1550 Some historians count Bullinger and Bucer as the most influential theologians of the Anglican reformation Was appointed to restore Papal supremacy and re-Catholicise England Catholic reformers were less influential due to Mary's short reign Edward and Elizabeth's church relied heavily on Calvinism for doctrine Highly influential over the Break with Rome Dissolution of the Monasteries Act of Supremacy Destroying opponents etc. Chaplain to Anne Boleyn and aided Henry VIII's Break with Rome Attacked the Pope's power in his Collectanea Satis Copiosa. Wrote English vernacular prayer books Archbishop under Henry VIII and Edward VI. Instrumental in forming of Edwardian Church Believed the Pope had usurped the King's power in his book Obedience of a Christian Man (influenced Cranmer and Henry VIII) Translated the New Testament into English Criticised the Chuch in his book Utopia Both had lived overseas and been influenced by European reformers Many of Elizabeth's first bishops had been exiled under Mary and maintained their links with Swiss reformers Edward's 42 Articles included Calvin's belief in predestination nicholas ridley john hooper Found evidence of the ignorance of the clergy, for example that 168/311 of his clergy could not repeat the 10 commandments Did not want to weaken the Church or move towards Protestantism Wanted to cleanse the Church of its abuses thomas more Criticised the poor quality of clergy, indulgences and purgatory Extremely active administering Church courts and conducting tours of his diocese Replaced altars with tables at the centre of the church Imposed more radical changes on his diocese matthew parker Produced the 39 Articles as a definitive statement of Church doctrine Imposed uniformity and expectations on the clergy in terms of doctrine, prayer, sacraments and clerical dress The most influential Elizabethan church leader up to 1570 The english bible parts 1 and 2 The protestant reformation parts 1 and 2
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