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Robert E. Lee- a Great Part of our History
Transcript of Robert E. Lee- a Great Part of our History
Robert E. Lee The Early Years Early Years :
Birth and Family Born: January 19, 1807 (although there is some debate about this date.)
Not much is known about Lee's early years, but it is known that Robert's father abandoned his family at a young age
His parents were Henry Lee and Ann Hill Carter.
Lee had six siblings Early Years:
Lee's Education Before West Point Lee attended Eastern View School for young gentlemen
After this, Lee decided to go to school at Alexandria Academy
Lee's father abandoned him at a young age, so Lee was expected to provide for his family. Because of this, Robert was unable to attend school at the age most children would begin school. Family History Henry Lee Henry's father was a Revolutionary War hero. He was called "Light Horse Henry"
He was a calvary leader
This is possibly where Robert got inspired for a career in the militia.
Henry's father was also the 9th governor of Virginia. George Washington Washington was the comander of the Patriots in the Revolutionary War and our first president under the constitution.
Washington was Robert E. Lee's great-great-uncle by birth, and great-grandfather by marriage.
Washington may have also inspired Robert. Achievements at West Point Lee was a very talented student at West Point
Lee graduated next to top of his class.
Lee also had no demerits for misconduct.
Lee also earned a brevet for his actions. "The doctrines and miracles of our Savior have required nearly two thousand years to convert but a small portion of the human race, and even among Christian nations what gross errors still exist! While we see the course of the final abolition of human slavery is still onward, and give it the aid of our prayers, let us leave the progress as well as the results in the hands of Him who, chooses to work by slow influences, and with whom a thousand years are but as a single day Robert E. Lee's Views on Slavery Lee, although he fought for the South was morally apposed to slavery. (Above) Video with quotes of what Lee thought about war and slavery. (Below) Prayer Lee said with hopes of ending slavery. In March of 1824 Lee was excepted into West Point, the prestigious military academy. William Henry Fitzhugh, a relative of the Lee family, Military History Lee was assigned to Cockspur Island right after he graduated from West Point .
Lee was assigned under Samuel Babcock.
Lee was an engineer- he worked for the Corps of Engineers in (Cockspur,) Savannah River Georgia. Lee (center) and his mother (left) and father (right) The Lee's have been important contributes to the making of our country. Here are some of the notable figures: Thomas Lee (Note: Because the Lee family wanted to keep their possesions in the family, they did much inbreeding (cousins marring cousins, brothers marring sisters etc.) Thomas Lee built Stratford Hall Thomas Lee, was one of the first notable Lees in the 'New World'.
Thomas was Governor of Virginia.
Thomas built Stratford Hall, the home to the Lees from before the Revolutionary War, to the 20th century.
Thomas was part of the House of Burgess, and he founded the Ohio Company. Lee's first Job in the Military Military Jobs Mexican War Lee's Photo during the Mexican War Lee was an important player in the Mexican War. When Lee was asked to take part in the Mexican War, Lee was not wanted because he was a great tactician or strong leader, but he was called to serve in the Mexican War for his engineering skills. But, after the battle of Vera Cruz Lee won his commander's trust, and Lee's Commander began to rely on Lee for his strategies (which were incredible even then) and Lee's mathematical skills. John Brown Raid John Brown's Raid John Brown's raid was a raid on Harper's Ferry in order to Cease Slavery.
Robert E Lee was sent to Harper's Ferry to put down this rebellion. This rebellion, was not
technically part of the Civil War.
John Brown's raid,the Mexican War, and Cockspur Island were the only places were Lee had experience before the Civil War Civil War Marriage and Family In 1831,Robert E. Lee married Mary Anna Randolph Custis, at the Arlington House in Virginia. (Today the Arlington house is the place of Robert E. Lee Memorial.)
Mary was great-granddaughter of George Washington (she was also Robert E. Lee's third cousin)
Mary and Lee lived at the Arlington House together with their
Mary and Lee enjoyed talking about politics
together. The Civil War was the bloodiest battle in American History. Robert E. Lee was most definitely one of the genius in play. It was in this war where Lee made History. It is often thought that every southerner loved slaves. But Robert E. Lee shows that this war was not all about Slavery. Lee's Genius in the Civil War Malvern Hill Antietam Fredericksburg Chancellorsville The Civil War (continued) April 9, 1865. Appomattox, Virginia
Lee, although very brilliant, was sadly out numbered. After the Confederate's plans failed time and time again. Lee decided to make one last call. He would surrender to Grant so that this bloody war would be over. Surrender at Appomattox After the War Job Lee took a job at Washington University.
(This University was later named Washington and Lee University in his honor.)
Lee tried to refrain from discussing political matters for the rest of his life.
Lee was president of the university. Death Lee was killed by a stroke in 1870, on October the 12th. His wife survived him by 3 years. Lee was thought to be 63 years old. Lincoln's Offer Lincoln offered Lee comand of the union after the begging battle of the War. It was Winfield Scott who spoke as Lincoln's representative. Lee replied:
"I shall never bear arms against the Union, but it may be necessary for me to carry a musket in the defense of my native state, Virginia, in which case I shall not prove recreant to my duty." Winfield Scott The War was officially over on April 9, 1965. It was that year Lee returned to his family. The bloodiest War in American History was over. Treason Memorials Why is this all important? Lee was an important part of out history.
Lee made several achievements as a general and set many records. He saw war for what war really was Robert E. Lee's first major victory of the Civil War
It took place on June 27, 1862
The second bloodiest battle in American history by late June 1862
Known as the Cold Harbor or the Battle of Chickahominy River Fought on September 17, 1862
It took place near Sharpsbury, Maryland
The next day, Lee and the Confederate army was leaving Maryland and going back to Virginia
Neither side was a winner The Last of the Seven Days' battles
Took place on July 1, 1862, in Henrico County, Virginia
Lee's complex plan was poorly executed
After the battle was over, D.H Hill wrote "It's wasn't war; it was murder Fought on December 11-15 in 1862
The Union lost more than 13,000 people while the Confederates lost 5,300 people
Almost 200,000 facing each other it was among the largest battle (in terms of troops)
Confederates won the most important battle Gaines's Mill Fought on May 1 to May 6, 1863 in Spotsylvania County, Virginia
Known as Lee's "perfect battle"because his risky decision to divide his army
He lost one of his best generals in Stonewall Jackson
Lee's greatest victories Surrender (continued) Lee was thought to be a traitor for helping the south. But Lee was not convicted of any crime, and he spoke strongly of coming together as a country again. Why is this all so important? Lee was one of the most important people to live in our country. He may have sided with the Confederates, but his views and insight provide advice for us today. Lee set new records in the military field and is respected by BOTH the North and South today. Monuments National Monument: Arlington House Many Statues on various Battle Fields are spread throughout the country. There is a submarine named after Lee Washington and Lee University was named after Lee's expertise in Education The End!