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2) vocabulary: match the words with pictures
3) read the text and answer the questions
4) grammar exercises
5) listen to the video and do the task
6) problem-solving question
Famous fears and phobias
Kazakh University of Humanities and Law
English Language Department
Kungozhanova Anar Aidarkhanovna
to develop speaking and listening skills;
to enlarge students' vocabulary and focus on different ways of expressing fear, e.g.
to revise present perfect;
to learn about types of phobias and its causes.
Match the words with the pictures.
And try to find their medical name:
a. fear of spider
b. fear of flying
c. fear of heights
d. fear of enclosed spaces
e. fear of public speaking
f. fear of open or public spaces
g. fear of water
h. fear of darkness
i. fear of dirt and germs
j. fear of injections
Do you have a fear of something in your life?
How do you feel if you have a phobia of something?
What do you think this word mean?
Can you imagine why someone would be afraid of long words and what life would be like if you had this phobia?
Are you afraid of any of these things?
Why? Do you know any people who are?
fear=noun from afraid
A phobia is an intense fear of something that, in reality, poses little or no actual danger. Common phobias and fears include closed-in places, heights, highway driving, flying insects, snakes, and needles. However, we can develop phobias of virtually anything. Most phobias develop in childhood, but they can also develop in adults.
If you have a phobia, you probably realize that your fear is unreasonable, yet you still can’t control your feelings. Just thinking about the feared object or situation may make you anxious. And when you’re actually exposed to the thing you fear, the terror is automatic and overwhelming.
What are the causes?
What are the effects?
Everybody is phobic about something. How do you overcome your fears?
Why do you think some people have a phobia?
By the end of the lesson, students will be able to recognize and produce new vocabulary for talking about fears and phobias; they will be able to use present perfect+for/since to describe important events in their lives.
genetics(family influence): if a family member has a phobia then usually another person in the family has it too.
life experience: many phobias are based on real life events they may/may not be consciously remembered. e.g. a child that is bitten by a dog may develop a phobia of dogs.
STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS
(Do not show these to student B)
1)What images spring to mind when you hear the word ‘phobia’?
2)Do you have any phobias?
3)How can someone confront and overcome a phobia?
4)Are all phobias irrational?
5)How do phobias develop?
6)Arachibutyrophobia is the fear of peanut butter sticking to your mouth. Do you know of any other crazy phobias?
7)Do you know anyone who suffers from vertigo – a fear of heights?
8)What do you think eremophobia-the fear of oneself – is like?
9)Are people in your country xenophobic (they fear or hate foreigners)?
10)Can you guess what these phobias are – hydrophobia, zoophobia, sociophobia and numerophobia? What would life be like with these?
(Answers: fear of water, animals, society and numbers.)
STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS
(Do not show these to student A)
1)What is a phobia?
2)What’s the difference between a phobia and a fear?
3)Gary Larson, a famous cartoonist, invented Anatidaephobia-the fear that somewhere, somehow, a duck is watching you. Can you understand this phobia? Can you invent your own crazy phobia?
4)Do you know anyone with haemophobia – a fear of blood?
5)Do you think people are developing new phobias?
6)What do you think would be the worst phobia to suffer from?
7)Charlie Brown said: "I've developed a new philosophy... I only dread one day at a time." Do you also do this?
8)Do you, or anyone you know, suffer from Anglophobia – a fear of English and English people? How would this affect your studying?
9)Do you think hypnotherapy can cure phobias?
10)Someone once said: “Get the facts first. Then panic.” Is this good advice?
Discussion. Work in pairs.
Ask and answer the questions.
Listen to a video and pay attention to a specific information about phobias
The experience is so nerve-wracking that you may go to great lengths to avoid it — inconveniencing yourself or even changing your lifestyle. If you have claustrophobia, for example, you might turn down a lucrative job offer if you have to ride the elevator to get to the office. If you have a fear of heights, you might drive an extra twenty miles in order to avoid a tall bridge.
Understanding your phobia is the first step to overcoming it. It’s important to know that phobias are common. Having a phobia doesn’t mean you’re crazy! It also helps to know that phobias are highly treatable. You can overcome your anxiety and fear, no matter how out of control it feels.
a) Read about Winona Ryder again and answer the questions.
- When did she begin to be afraid of water?
- In _________ .
- Is she afraid of water now?
b) Complete the answers with a year or a number of years.
- How long has she been afraid of water?
She has been afraid of water
She has been afraid of water
c) Complete the rule with
Use ______ with a period of time.
Use ______ with a point in time.
Underline the four words in the text related to being afraid.
And complete each paragraph with a word from vocabulary.
Read the article
for and since