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Transcript of Vietnam Culture
Table of Contents
Vietnam is bordered by China, Laos, Cambodia, and the South China Sea.
Population of Vietnam is 87, 840, 000 people
Average height: females are 5'1 and males are 5'3
Currency is Dong: 1 U.S. Dollar is equivalent to 20, 831.99 Dong
The capital of Vietnam is Hanoi
Vietnam is led by a Communist Party, but has an open market
The Vietnam Flag
The red symbolizes revolution and blood.
The five-pointed yellow star represents the unity of workers, peasants, intellectuals, youths and soldiers in building socialism.
The Vietnamese generally shake hands both when greeting and when saying good-bye
When greeting someone, say “xin chao” (seen chow) + given name + title The Vietnamese are delighted if a Westerner can properly say “xin chao”
Respect your elders and address the eldest in a group first. Elderly people always have the right of way in Vietnamese society and should be treated with great respect
Always take your shoes off when entering a Vietnamese home
Never touch the Vietnamese on their heads, as it is highly inappropriate
Vietnamese might decline gifts during the first offer because they are frightened of not showing enough gratitude or appearing to be greedy
In general, Vietnamese are very friendly and eager to offer assistance whenever applicable
Vietnamese life revolves around the family
The father is the head of the family and it is his responsibility to provide food, clothing and shelter and make important decisions
Having a boy in family was a "must" because the eldest son would assume the duties of his father when he died
Obedience and respect were the traditional virtues which Vietnamese children were taught to exhibit in their family
Discipline and physical punishment were acceptable remedies for disobedience
When parents grew old, children were expected to take care of them to compensate for the gift of birth and upbringing
Boys and girls are not free to do what they want
Western style courtship and romance were seen as inappropriate things for unmarried children
For their children's marriage, parents generally made decision because they could judge better
The Vietnamese place a high value on education!!!!!!!!
It is not uncommon for three generations to be living together under one roof
Within the same tradition it is believed that after someone dies their spirit lives on. Descendents will "worship" their ancestors to ensure their good favor. On the anniversary of a person's death, ceremonies are held in their memory
We have answers!
Five Fundamental Tastes
Each Dish represents one or more of these elements
Vietnamese cooking is greatly admired for its fresh ingredients
minimal use of oil
and reliance on herbs and vegetables
A typical meal for the average Vietnamese family would include
Large bowl/pot of steamed white rice
Individual bowls of rice
Bun Bo Hue
A spicy vermicelli noodle soup
All dishes except individual bowls of rice
are communal and are to be shared in
the middle of the table
Rules of Dining
Right after a person greets you he/she is going to ask you if you have eaten yet
Food plays a major role for Vietnamese people since it is a way for people to get to know each other
The eldest is to be seated and served first. Only after the eldest has started may the others begin to eat.
Chao (Rice porridge)
Pho! (Beef noodle soup)
This simple staple consists
of a salty broth,
fresh rice noodles,
a sprinkling of herbs ,
and chicken or beef
A crispy crepe bulging with
and bean sprouts,
plus the garnish of fresh herbs
add slices of chicken,
fish, beef, duck
or pork ribs, along with
a sprinkling of herbs
sizzling chunks of fish seasoned with
garlic, ginger, turmeric
and dill on a hot pan
Bread, margarine and pâté
combination of cheese,
sausage, fried egg,
and chili sauce.
The Vietnamese are a collectivists
The individual is seen as secondary to the group
There are strict guidelines for social interaction that are designed to protect a group's face
Described as a quality that reflects a person's reputation, dignity, and prestige
It is possible to lose face, save face or give face to another person
For foreigners it is important to be aware that you may unintentionally cause a loss of face so it is important to be aware of your words and actions
Vietnamese people have a habit of not looking into your eyes when they talk to you
Loud arguments or heated discussions are frowned upon and are seldom heard among the Vietnamese
The Vietnamese do not like to say "no" and will often reply "yes"
• Who Was the Buddha?
Siddhartha Gotama was born into a royal family in Lumbini. He went to seek happiness and what it meant. After six years of study and meditation he finally found 'the middle path' and was enlightened. After enlightenment, the Buddha spent the rest of his life teaching the principles of Buddhism — called the Dhamma, or Truth.
• Was the Buddha a God?
He was not, nor did he claim to be. He was a man who taught a path to enlightenment from his own experience.
The predominant religion in Vietnam is Buddhism, which is also one of the world's great religions. The great majority of Vietnamese people regard themselves as Buddhists but not all of them actively participate in Buddhist rituals at the pagoda
To many, Buddhism goes beyond religion and is more of a philosophy or 'way of life'. It is a philosophy because philosophy 'means love of wisdom' and the Buddhist path can be summed up as:
(1) to lead a moral life,
(2) to be mindful and aware of thoughts and actions, and
(3) to develop wisdom and understanding
Why is Buddhism Becoming Popular?
A good reason is Buddhism has answers to many of the problems in modern materialistic societies. It also includes (for those who are interested) a deep understanding of the human mind (and natural therapies)
Christian church that has been the decisive spiritual force in the history of Western civilization. They believe in God and also the Saints.
Roman Catholics form the largest Christian group in Vietnam
Today the Roman Catholic Church counts 10.5 % of all Vietnamese as members
Music in Vietnam has been highly influenced by traditional Chinese music
Dan Ty Ba
its music is light and cheerful. The instrument is played solo or as part of an orchestra.
Monochord (Dan Bau)
One of only two purely Vietnamese instruments, the dan bau consists of a hardwood frame and a softwood surface, over which a string is stretched and connected to a handle decorated with dried gourd (bau).
The Dan Tranh sits flat like an autoharp and is plucked using all fingers. Players will usually wear picks made of plastic or tortoise shell on their fingers to facilitate plucking