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Lincoln Memorial

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Student Shelton

on 25 March 2014

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Transcript of Lincoln Memorial

Lincoln Memorial
by: Vika, Lavanya, and Olivia
On Memorial Day, May 30, 1922, the building was opened. It was dedicated to Lincoln 57 years after he died. About 50,000 people attended the ceremony, including hundreds of Civil War veterans and Robert Todd Lincoln, the president's only surviving son. Some people who spoke there were President Warren Harding, former President William Howard Taft, and Doctor Robert Moton, who was the principal of the Tuskegee Institute. Dr. Moton also delivered the keynote address.

The Lincoln memorial is an iconic
landmark on the National Mall in
Washington D.C. It is a tribute to President
Abraham Lincoln, who fought to preserve
the Union and vindicate democracy.
Savior of the Union:

"In this temple, as in the hearts
of the people for whom he saved the
union ,the memory of Abraham Lincoln
is enshrined forever'' Beneath these words
the 16th President of the United States
sits immortalized in marble as an enduring
symbol of unity, strength, and wisdom.
Shelby M. Cullom and Joseph G. Cannon, who had known Abe Lincoln in Illinois pushed for a Lincoln Memorial Bill, which President Taft signed on February 11, 1911. The bill to create the Lincoln Memorial Commission made the government set aside $2 million in funds. The final cost, however, was $3 million.

New York architect Henry Bacon modeled
the memorial in the style of a greek temple
The classic design feautures 36 doric columns
outside, symbolizing the states in the Union, at
the time of the Civil War.
Martin Luther's Speech;
The Lincoln Memorial has been host to one of the most important speeches in our American Civil Rights period, Martin Luther's "I Had a Dream" speech. He told it on the steps in front of the statue of Abraham Lincoln on the 28th of August in the year 1963. This was probably the most important event that ever happened in front of this specific memorial in Washington D.C.
Events at the Lincoln Memorial:
In 1939, the Roosevelt administration arranged for Marian Anderson to perform from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial on Easter Sunday to a live audience of 70,000 people in a concert that played on national radio.

On August 28, 1963, the memorial was a rally site for the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, a significant event in the American Civil Rights movement. An estimated 250,000 people came to the memorial where Martin Luther King, Jr., delivered his memorable speech, "I Have a Dream," A tile on the memorial's steps marks where Dr. King stood.
The Building of the Lincoln Memorial:
The interior has a seated 19 ft. statue of lincoln, made of Georgia white marble. It was assembled on the premises from 28 pieces and rests on a pedestal of Tennessee marble. The statue was designed by Daniel Chester French and carved by the Piccirilli brothers of New York. It is situated on the Reflecting Pool near the Vietnam Veterans Memorial and the Korean War Veterans Memorial.
The Lincoln Memorial includes 36 columns of marble, one for each state in the Union at the time of Lincoln’s death in 1865; each column stands 44 feet high. The names of the 48 contiguous states are listed above the colonnade, and the dates of their admission to the Union are engraved in Roman numerals. Because Hawaii and Alaska became states several decades after the Lincoln Memorial was finished, their names are inscribed on a plaque located on the front steps.
The memorial is a popular tourist attraction. Approximately 4-6 million people visit the Linocoln Memorial annually.
However, before the commission completed plans to build in what was known as the Potomac Flats, it considered various locations for the memorial, which included a highway to a huge pyramid. John Hay, one of the White House secretaries during Lincoln's time, promoted the Potomac location, saying that Abraham Lincoln's monument should stand alone, distinguished and serene.
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