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Liberation Theology in Bolivia
Transcript of Liberation Theology in Bolivia
in Bolivia Liberation Theology Liberation Theology
in Bolivia Relations of Church and State Beginnings Appeal of Liberation Theology According to the CIA
World Factbook Rural and Urban Comparison According to the US Department of State Religions in Bolivia 95% Roman Catholic
5% Protestant (Evangelical Methodist)
*as of 2013 Religious Identity Habitual Practice
-Catholic 78% -- 56.5%
-Protestant/Evangelical 16% -- 36.5%
-Other Christian 3% -- 7%
-No Religion 2.5%
-Non-Christian Faiths <0.2%
---includes Islam, Baha’i, Judaism, Buddhism, and Shinto
*as of 2010 Marxism
Opposition to the U.S.
Address five social problems
-lack of education
-political injustice Conferencia Episcopal Bolivian 1960
Condemned living conditions of peasants and workers
Defended workers' rights
Iglesia y Sociedad en América Latina-Bolivia -- ISAL-Bolivia 1968
Endorsed socialism as only means for justice
Received negative reactions from bishops, then claimed church had been contaminated by capitalism
Stripped of Catholic Title by CEB and then bishops stated they could not officially be tied to political parties and movements
Began tradition of separation of church and state, although bishops recognized their obligation to promote social change
Article 4 added to Constitution in 2009
"The state respects and guarantees religious
liberty and spiritual beliefs, in accordance with
its worldview. The state is independent from religion" Tensions rise between Church and State
Accusations tying Liberation theology and church officials to Communism
Support to the poor by the church was condemned by the government
Official role of the church as been reduced
Catholic social teaching is the basis for policies
-14% Protestant Rural:
-20.5% Protestant -Church no longer receive financial support
-Social Welfare programs still supported Agreement signed -formalized Church's work in education, health, social welfare