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Marie & Rya Confusing word pairs+

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Marie Recalde

on 17 May 2010

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Transcript of Marie & Rya Confusing word pairs+

Words and Expressions Commonly Misused
Strunk and White: "not so much bad English
as bad style, the commonplaces of bad writing" These are words that often garner
hesitation before writing them out. The pair of words can sound the same:
"affect" and "effect" mean something similar to another
and is commonly confused for the
"among" and "between"
or even a combination
of both:
"passed" and "past" "The shape of our language is not rigid: in questions
of usage we have no lawgiver whose word is final."
Strunk and White's advice: Refer to a dictionary You can also create and memorize your
visual memory devices. : They Recommend: If time is of the essence,
I'm sure the'd be ok with its techno
equivalent : Here are a few of our examples: A Presentation by:
Marie Recalde & Rya Agatep For Writing 155 B Affect Effect The rain affected the soil... ...and its effect is this flower. Among Discussion among players... Between ...leads to competition between teams. Farther Further The father and son
tossed the fall farther than
the other teams... ...then continued to practice
further into the afternoon to
continue their success. Irritate Aggravate After a long day at work, the man
was irritated as he got on the
escalator ... ...his irritation was only aggravated. And most frequent misuses late 14c., "result," from O.Fr. effect, from L. effectus "accomplishment, performance," from stem of efficere "work out, accomplish," from ex- "out" + facere "to do" (see factitious). The verb is from 1580s. Sense in stage effect, sound effect, etc. first recorded 1881. Related: Effecting; effection "to make a pretense of," 1660s, earlier "to assume the character of (someone)" (1590s); originally in Eng. "to aim at, aspire to, make for" (late 15c.), from M.Fr. affecter (15c.), from L. affectare "to strive after, aim at," freq. of afficere (pp. affectus) "to do something to, act on" (see affect (n.)). O.E. on gemang "in a crowd," from gemengan "to mingle" (see mingle). Collective prefix ge- dropped 12c. leaving onmong, amang, among. O.E. betweonum "between, among, by turns," from bi- "by" + tweonum dat. pl. of *tweon "two each" (cf. Goth. tweih-nai "two each"). Horace Walpole's playful coinage betweenity (1760) is a useful word. Between a rock and a hard place is from 1940s, originally cowboy slang. 1520s, from pp. adj. aggravate (late 15c.), from L. aggravatus, pp. of aggravare "to render troublesome, to make heavy" (see aggravation). Earlier in this sense was aggrave.

"To aggravate has properly only one meaning -- to make (an evil) worse or more serious." [Fowler]

Phrase aggravating circumstances is recorded from 1790. 1530s, from L. irritatus, from pp. stem of irritare "excite, provoke." An earlier verb form was irrite (mid-15c.), from O.Fr. irriter. Related: Irritated; irritating. c.1300, var. of further (q.v.), by 17c. replaced ferrer as comp. of the descendant of O.E. fierr "far" (itself a comp. but no longer felt as one). Vowel change infl. by the root vowel, and confusion with M.E. ferþeren "to assist, promote, advance" (see forth). There is no historical basis for the notion that farther is of physical distance and further of degree or quality. O.E. furðor (adv.), furðra (adj.), (ge)fyrðan (v.) "further, impel," etymologically representing either "forth-er" or "fore-ther." The former would be from furðum (see forth) + comp. suffix *-eron-, *-uron- (cf. inner, outer). Alternative etymology traces it to P.Gmc. *furþeron-, from PIE *pr-tero, (cf. Gk. proteros "former"), from root of fore + comp. suffix also found in after, other. Senses of "in addition, to a greater extent" are later metaphoric developments. Related: Furthered; furthering. In Summary 1. If you reach a point of hesistation with the correct use of a word, take time and look it up. Once again, this is more about good style than it is about grammar.
2. If you have time, create a memorization device, this will ensure you never
get the words mixed up in the future.
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