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Transcript of ISO
ISO has published more than 19,500 International Standards covering almost all aspects of technology and business. From food safety to computers, and agriculture to healthcare, ISO International Standards impact all our lives .
Types Or Categories of ISO Standards
Foundation: February 1947, ISO, officially began operations.
International Organization for Standardization
What is ISO?
ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is the world’s largest developer of voluntary International Standards.
General Procedure for Developing a Standard
ISO's first standard: In 1951, the first ISO standard, ISO/R 1:1951, reference of temperature for industrial length measurements, is published.
SI - International System of Units: In 1960, ISO publishes the standard ISO 31 on quantities and units
In 1987, ISO publishes its first quality management standard. Standards in the ISO 9000 family have gone on to become some of the most well known and best selling standards.
ISO 14001: In 1996, ISO launches its environmental management system standard, ISO 14001.
ISO Today: At the start of 2012, ISO has 163 members and has a total of over 19 000 standards.
1. ISO 9000 - Quality management
2. ISO 14000 - Environmental management:
3. ISO 3166 - Country codes: Avoid confusion when referring to countries
4. ISO 22000 - Food safety management
5. ISO 26000 - Social responsibility
6. ISO 50001 - Energy management
7. ISO 31000 - Risk management: Manage risks that could be negative for your company’s performance.
8. ISO 4217 - Currency codes
9. ISO 639 - Language codes
10. ISO 20121 - Sustainable events
11. ISO 27001 - Information security
Response to Needs: One of the ISO objectives is to respond to the requirements of the marketplace.
Expert-Based: The ISO technical committees are responsible for developing its standards. These committees are made up of experts from all over the world, and the ISO objective is to distill expert knowledge into standards
Involve Stakeholders: A key objective for the ISO is to develop its standards with the involvement of all interested parties.
Consensus: The ISO not only welcomes input from all stakeholders but allows such input to influence the standards within their objective of developing guidelines based on consensus.
An ISO standard is developed by a panel of experts, within a technical committee. Once the need for a standard has been established, these experts meet to discuss and negotiate a draft standard. As soon as a draft has been developed it is shared with ISO’s members who are asked to comment and vote on it. If a consensus is reached the draft becomes an ISO standard, if not it goes back to the technical committee for further edits.
The more active consumers are in developing standards, the more likely it is that products and services meet their needs – a win-win situation for both the consumer and manufacturers or service providers.
Verification & Auditability
Verification & Auditability
Audits are a vital part of ISO's management system approach as they enable the company or organization to check how far their achievements meet their objectives. External audits also play a role in showing conformity to the standard.
The certification body may conduct audits every 6 months to ensure that the company continue to meet the standard.
ISO registration certificate is valid for a period of three years
ISO standards are valid for any organization, regardless of size or sector, seeking to improve the way in which it works and works. In addition, the best returns on investment, come from companies prepared to implement the above rules anywhere in your organization.