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Transcript of Ingalik Tribe
Lived along the upper Kuskokwim River and lower Yukon River, located in present-day Alaska.
Survival Depended on hunting, fishing, and gathering.
Food Hunted salmon, caribou and moose Clothing Clothing made from Animal skin. Shelter Lived in semi-subterranean sod houses in winter, and houses with spruce planks or bark in the summer. Each village had one communal house, and a large one-room building with a fireplace and benches along the walls. Education and Culture Ingalik saw universe as 4 levels: Earth, Sky, upperworld, and a lower underworld they called “fish tail” Stories Believed all elements of nature had spirits (called “yegs”) When someone dies, their “yeg” could go to either the upperworld or “fish tail”, depending on the life they lived Ceremonies Ingalik ceremonies included a 2 week animals ceremony and a gifting ceremony Crafts and Art Worked with Spruce wood to make masks, bowls, and ceremonial objects.
Porcupine quills, feathers, and dentalium shells used for decoration. Ingalik women tattooed with short lines on chins and hands. Men wore carved labrets or lip plugs. Continuing Influence 1st known contact with Ingalik and non-natives is thought to have occurred in 1834 by Andrey Glazunov from Russia Ingalik continued to fish, hunt, and gather into the 20th century, but with new technology. In 1971, the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act gave the Ingalik ownership to ancestral lands.