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Tundra Biome

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by

Calista Vivian

on 30 January 2013

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Transcript of Tundra Biome

Tundra Biome By: Calista Young Animals Interesting Facts The Tundra is believed to be the youngest tundra on the planet Interesting Facts The Musk Ox
(Ovibus moschatus) The Arctic Fox
Alopex lagopus The Snowy Owl
(Nyctea scandiaca) Tundra Animals Tundra Temperature Precipitation and others Tundra Summers Climate This Ice Wonderland is bleak and treeless.
(In Most Areas) Summer is a brief period of milder climates. It usually rains 6 to 10 inches a year. These animals can be found in the tundra. The Arctic Fox can be found in the throughout the Arctic region. Including parts of Canada, Russia, Greenland, Iceland, Scandinavia, Svalbard, and Alaska.
The Arctic Fox's diet consist of small mammals, including voles and lemmings, and also birds and their eggs. Sometimes Arctic Fox are seen following Polar Bears. This gives the Arctic Fox a opportunity to feed on the Polar Bears leftovers. Arctic Fox will also eat vegetation, such as berries.
Like other foxes, the Arctic Fox builds dens. They will usually be on hillsides or a river bank. The dens would usually have multiple entrances and exits. The Arctic Fox can be found in the Arctic or in Alpine Tundra.
The Arctic Fox measures 3 to 3.5 feet in length from head to tail. The weight of a Arctic Fox can range to 6 to 9 pounds, with females they are much smaller than the males. The Arctic Foxes have special adaptions to survive the harsh cold winter.
Arctic Foxes mating season is occurs in the spring. An up to 7
8 weeks, the female will give birth to a average
litter size of 6 to 8 kits.
(Baby Foxes) The Snowy Owl can be found in Alaska, Greenland, Russia, and many parts of the north of the Arctic Circle. There have been various reports of Snowy Owls in Ireland, China, and far south in Texas and Georgia.
The Snowy Owls often eat small rodents, including lemmings and voles. Rabbits are also staple to a owls diet. They sometimes get opportunities to eat other birds such as ptarmigans as well as bird eggs of larger birds.
The Snowy Owls will build their nest on the ground, typically in higher places than the surrounding land. They want good visibility on the predators and prey.
The Snowy Owls are among the most largest owl in the Arctic and in North America. They range from 1.75 to 2 feet. Their wingspan is about 4.5 to 5.5 in length. Snowy Owls are white with dark spots with large yellow eyes. Some Snowy Owls are all white. The Snowy Owl can have the ability to turn their head 270 degrees in both directions. Snowy Owls also have really thick feathers that cover there body and even their feet. That enables them to survive the cold harsh winters of the tundra.
The mating season of the Snowy Owls can occur from April through June
and sometime throughout summer. The female owl will lay 2- 14 eggs
per clutch.After the eggs are layed, the male and female owls take
turns of taking care of the eggs for about 4-5 weeks.
An after the eggs hatch, the parents will
tend to the nest until they are old
enough to leave. The Musk Ox can be found in various locations throughout northern Canada, Greenland, Alaska, Norway, Sweden, and Russia.
The Musk Ox are vegetarians and will eat much vegetation that is available in the tundra. This includes willow shoots, lichens, grass and shrubs.
Musk Ox are roaming animals and live in herds. A herd will remain in a range of access of food and water. And when the resources are used up, the herd will move to a new location with more resources.
A Musk Ox will will have a length of 6 to 7.5 feet and a shoulder height of 4 to 5 feet. Their weight can go up to 400 to 900 pounds. The Musk Ox will have a outer coat of long brown hair, and the inner coat is consists of wool. The Males and Females grow horns in the center of the skull and downward. The males will grow additional "boss" across the horns. The Musk Ox glands produce a strong odor that gives the name Ox to them.
The rut or mating season of the Musk Ox mainly begins in late summer and early fall. Males will compete for dominance over a harem or group of female oxes. One dominate male will mate with various females. It will be approximately be 8 months for incubation period. And in the Spring the female will give birth to one calf per spring. Alpine Tundra Websites bioexpedition.com/tundra-biome/ www.tundraanimals.net Plants www.blueplanetbiomes.org/tundra_climate.htm www.bluplanetbiomes.org/tundra_plant_page.htm There are at least three types of Tundra Arctic Tundra Antarctic Tundra It's cold throughout the year. During Winter the sun barely shines. Winter temperatures don't reach above 20 degrees The sun shines 24 hours a day. In short summers, they last up to 6 to 10 weeks. It never gets warmer than 45 to 50 degrees. It is an unusually dry and cold climate. It is almost as dry as the world's driest desert. With strong, dry winds, it is the most extreme weather biome. Polar Bear
Caribou
Arctic Fox
Arctic Hare
Snowy Owl
Musk Ox
Rock Ptarmigan www.google.com/images Plants Of the Tundra There are at least 8 types of plants that live in the tundra. Arctic Moss
Arctic Willow
Bearberry
Caribou Moss
Diamond-leaf Willow
Labrador Tea
Pasque Flower
Tufted Saxifrage Caribou Moss Caribou Moss grows in the arctic and the northern regions around the world. It looks like a foamy green-gray sponge. And it grows on rocks and the ground and grows to be 1 to 4 inches high. The stems are long and hollow and branch out. Even though it's called caribou moss, it is actually a lichen. Bearberry The Bearberry is a low evergreen, that has a stem of that gows 2 to 8 inches that's covered in dark thick back and silky hairs.
On the stem are many thick oval shaped leaves. The flowers are 5 petaled with light pink or white petals. The berries grow among the bearberry.They bloom anywhere between March and June . The name Bearberry is from the berries that the
bears love to eat. The Tundra is covered in a huge indestructible layer of ice called
PERMAFROST PERMAFROST!!! I'm awesome!!! You know why? *~*Cause it's Over*~* I will describe only three.
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