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Globalization: Film, Food, and Travel

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Eric Reed

on 14 November 2016

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Transcript of Globalization: Film, Food, and Travel

2. Travel: Article on first Tranatlantic air link, 1933
In America:
Average number of hours worked per day: decreased by 10 percent between 1945 and 1970
Vacation time: the two-week vacation became the standard in the postwar era

Even more dramatic in Europe: Case of France.
Vacation time increased from 2 to 4 weeks between 1946 and 1970.
Work day also decreased by 10 percent or more
1975: Avg. French person had more than 24 hours of “Free Time” per week
From Jurgen Osterhammel, “Globalization: A Short History”

Cultural globalization... was understood at first as a process of homogenization, as the global domination of American mass culture at the expense of traditional diversity. .. [More recently] The outcome of cultural change through globalization is also often interpreted as "hybridity," meaning the result of new cultural elements being creatively adapted to mesh with existing ones.
Regular, stable, institutionalized relations between communities across long distances
Compression of time and space: rapid communications = sense of shared immediacy of experience
Importance of Industrial Revolution and subsequent developments in intensifying and accelerating these patterns of interaction
What is Cultural Globalization?

I. Case of Example of Global Film Culture
American cultural imperialism?

II. Global Travel and Leisure
Leisure and Travel
Everyday Interconnectedness: Food Culture

Japanese Menu
Air France Map, Detail
Air France Map, Detail
Air France Map, Lucien Boucher, 1956
First Transatlantic Jet Flight, October 4, 1951
Pan Am Poster, 1950s
Air Travel in the 1930s
Truffaut and Goddard, “New Wave” art-house cinema
"Farenheit 451" Trailer (1966) "Breathless" Trailer (1960)
Hollywood in the 1950s: The Mega Movies
Singin' in the Rain Trailer Ten Commandments Trailer
Characterizations of Americanization and Globalization
Globalization, Leisure and Culture: Film and Food
What is Globalization?
Right: "American Chop Suey"
"Avatar" and "Hunger Games" in French release
Case of Global Film Culture: How to Interpret it?
I: American Cultural Imperialism
Case of Global Film Culture
II. "Americanization" of Global Cinema?
Case of Global Film Culture
III. "Cosmopolitan" Film Culture?
Cosmopolitan Film Culture: International Exchanges and Mixes
Global Travel and Leisure
I. Leisure Time Explosion: Some Statistics on Leisure Time in Europe and America After WWII
III. Global Food Culture: Global Exchanges and Imagination
Cosmopolitan Media Culture: International Exchanges and Mixes
Right: "Enter the Dragon," which brought Asian kung fu film to the American screen

Left: "Kill Bill," an homage to Asian kung fu movies, Japanese anime, and Blacksploitation dramas of the 1970s.

Cosmopolitan Film Culture: International Exchanges and Mixes
Left: Julia Child with monkfish
Above: Iron Chef America
Food: Global Exchanges and Everyday Life
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