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How to teach speaking

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on 5 April 2014

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Transcript of How to teach speaking

How to teach speaking skill
The Problems of Teaching Speaking Skill
1. The syllabus does not mention a specific plan
2. There is a lack of competent teachers.
3. The absence of speaking
4. The method and techniques
used by the teachers are
out of date.

The Problems of Teaching Speaking Skill
5. Resource constraints
6. The size of the classes is
considerably large
7. Teachers' and students'
mother tongue interfere with
proper pronunciation.
8. Many teachers concentrate
mainly on teaching grammar
and vocabulary

Strategies to Improve Speaking Skill
What is speaking?
Speaking is an interactive process of constructing meaning that involves producing and receiving and processing information (Brown, 1994; Burns & Joyce, 1997).
Speaker’s skills and speech habits have an impact on the success of any exchange (Van Duzer, 1997).
Strategies to Improve Speaking Skill Skill
When discussing speaking, there are two major concerns: fluency and accuracy. You need to teach your students both. However, when grading them, you might concentrate on one over the other (De Hinojosa, 2011).
Speaking requires that learners not only know how to produce specific points of language such as grammar, pronunciation, or vocabulary (linguistic competence), but also that they understand when, why, and in what ways to produce language (sociolinguistic competence) (Florez, 1999).
Some advice
Teachers should monitor learners’ speech production to determine what skills and knowledge they already have and what areas need development (Florez, 1999).
What is speaking?
Strategies to Improve Speaking Skill
• Solidify grammar.
• Increase vocabulary.
• Look online.
• Fillers. Um, ah, y'know, anyways.

• Play games.
• No long pause.
• Teach functions.
• Use rubrics.

• Cover each section.
• Forget memorization.
• Know what's expected.
• Practice makes you perfect.

Strategies to Improve Speaking Skill
Some advice
• Be polite.
• Think in English.
• Record it.
• Use examples.

A. Some percentage of the final grade should be allocated to speaking skill
B. Teachers should try to make the class student-centered
C. Students have to be familiar with the sounds of the second language.
D. Conversational listening skills should also be enhanced.
Some advice
E. Students need to be given practice in stress, rhythm, intonation patterns and be aided in the development of their fluency.
F. They should be made competent with practice to take short and long speaking turns.
G. Group work/pair work should be encouraged.

Brown, H.D. (1994). Teaching by principles: an interactive approach to language
pedagogy. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall Regents.
Burns, A. & Joyce, H. (1997). Focus on speaking. Sydney: National Center for English
Language Teaching and Research.
De Hinojosa, S. (2011). Teaching Speaking. Humanizing. Language Teaching. 13(2)
Florez, M. C. (1999). Improving Adult English Language Learners' Speaking Skills. ERIC
Van Duzer, C. (1997). Improving ESL learners’ listening skills: At the workplace and
beyond. Washington, DC: Project in adult Immigrant Education and National center for ESL Literacy Education.
Verma, A. (2013). Teaching Speaking Skill at the UG Level - Problems and Prospects.
Language In India, 13(12), 7-11.

(De Hinojosa 2011)
(Verma, 2013)
Strategies to Improve Speaking Skill
(Verma, 2013)
Full transcript