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Mitch Zeigler

on 30 September 2009

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Transcript of Buddhism

Buddhism was founded by Siddhartha Guatama Siddhartha lived in northern India from c.563 to c.480 B.C.
and was born a prince He left his wife and home and became an ascetic, someone
who denies themselves their comforts and pleasures After six years of this he reached spiritual nirvana and discovered the Four Noble Truths He wondered around India often in meditation and prayer Four Noble Truths 1. All of life is suffering
2. There are causes of suffering, like emotional attachment, ignorance, and selfishness
3. There is a state of spiritual liberation, nirvana
4. There is a path that leads to that state, through meditation He taught these ideas to his followers and they refered to him as Buddha, which means the enlightened one Buddha also taught that individuals were stuck in endless birth and reincarnation, called the dharma, because of their karma. Individuals could avoid this suffering and reach nirvana by following the Middle Way and
the Eightfold Path Middle Way: the avoidance of
both self-indulgence and
extreme self-denial Eightfold Path 1. knowledge of the truth
2. the intention to resist evil
3. saying nothing to hurt others
4. respecting life, morality, and property
5. holding a job that does not injure others
6. striving to free one's mind of evil
7. controlling one's feelings and thoughts
8. practicing proper forms of concentration.

Buddhism Today There are 350 million followers Most of them are in Tibet, China, and in Japan, Korea, and Southeast Asia. There are Buddhist schools and places of
worship, called a Vihara, that teach the word
of Buddha There are three main types of Buddhism: Theraveda Buddhism, Mahayana Buddhism, and Tibetan Buddhism Sangha The idealized Buddhist community that existed during the life of Buddha. This community had monks, nuns, and laymen People who are in the Sangha live a life of simplicity,
meditation, and study in order to reach nirvana After Buddha's death, his followers built shrines called stupas that held Buddha's relics These places are holy along with the Bodhi tree, which
are sacred in Buddhism
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