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Poetry Terms

Fr. Lit and Comp
by

Lindsay Mathiesen

on 21 January 2014

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Transcript of Poetry Terms

Commit these to Memory! Poetry Terms Alliteration Repetition of initial/beginning consonant sounds. We walked with Wes on Wednesday. Allusion A reference to a well-known person, place, event, or literary work of art. Analogy comparison to two different things to show how they are similar. learning poetry and constructing a building follow the same process, both need a strong foundation. *uses "is" Apostrophe When the author speaks to something or someone that isn't really there. Speaking to "death" Assonance Close repetition of similar vowel sounds within words. The flat slap of hands. Ballad song-like poems that tell a story through a narrative or verse, often dealing with adventure or romance. Uses simple language, dramatic action and repetition in a refrain. Blank Verse un-rhymed iambic pentameter Concrete Poetry A poem with a shape that suggests its subject or the movement of its subject. Consonance Close repetition of consonant sounds in words. He heard the pitter patter of Peter's feet. COUPLET A pair of rhyming lines Twinkle, Twinkle little star
How I wonder what you are. Dramatic Poetry poetry that is written to be performed, usually a monologue or dialogue - similar to a play End Rhyme when rhyming words are repeated at the end of a line. A
A
B
B Figurative
Language writing not meant to be interpreted literally (implicit meaning). EX- My eyes are on fire! Free Verse poetry with varying rhythm and rhyme We pick
the bittersweet grapes
one
by
one
with leather worn hands HAIKU three lined Japanese verse form
1st -5 syllables
2nd - 7 syllables
3rd - 5 syllables Hyperbole deliberate exaggeration or overstatement ex- her mouth was as big as the Grand Canyon! Iambic Pentameter a line of poetry with 5 iambic feet, each with one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable I went/ up town/ to buy/ a loaf/ of bread./ Imagery the use of pictures, figures of speech, or descriptions to evoke actions, ideas, objects or characters. Internal Rhyme when rhyming words fall within a line. "I had a cat who wore a hat" Limerick a light, humorous verse rhyme scheme: a
a
b
b
a Literal the explicit or primary meaning [surface level/plot] Lyric Poetry musical verse which expressed a single speaker's thoughts or feelings on a subject. METAPHOR a direct comparison of two things to show similarity. [SOMETHING IS SOMETHING]

"she is a bomb and she exploded in my heart." METER regular or repeated rhythm pattern in a poem. Narrative Poetry tells a story verse ONOMATOPOEIA A WORD WHOSE SOUND SUGGESTS ITS MEANING BOOM! POW zzzip buzz tick-tock thpffffff Oxymoron words used together that actually contradict in meaning. JUMBO shrimp Old News little BIG Man Refrain stanza repeated for emphasis (often in songs or lyric poetry) Petrarchan/Italian Sonnet 14 line lyric poem rhyme scheme octave - abbaabba
sextet - cdcdcd Personification giving human traits and qualities to non-human objects. Rhyme Scheme regular pattern or rhyming words in a poem (indicated by letter notation. a
b
a
a
b Rhythm the pattern of beats, or stresses, in a line of poetry Shakespearean Sonnet 14 line lyric poem
3 quatrains (4 lines) &
a couplet (2 lines) Rhyme Scheme -
abab cdcd efef gg Sensory Language language that appeals to the senses. Simile a comparison using "like" or "as" "my love is like a red, red rose."
"she is as cute as a button" Spenserian Sonnet same as Shakespearean Sonnet in form, but with a different rhyme scheme abab bcbc cdcd ee STANZA A group of lines in a poem considered a unit.
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