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America: From Discovery to the New Nation

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by

Christene Stratman

on 20 January 2015

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Transcript of America: From Discovery to the New Nation

America: From Discovery to the New Nation
The Americas Pre-Columbus
The Mayans
Southern Mexico & Mesoamerica
writing system
Pyramid building
Mayan calendar
The Aztecs
Tenochtitlan
island capital
Tribute Empire
human sacrifice
Hernan Cortes
1520's
The Incas
Strong, centralized government
Incan road system
Quipu: "talking knots"
Francisco Pizzaro
Discovery
Thought he was sailing to India
worked for Isabella & Ferdinand of Spain
landed in the Bahamas in 1492
Christopher Columbus
Motivations for Exploration
Spain:
God, Gold, Glory
French:
Fur trade, maritime trade
Dutch:
Maritime trade
English:
Maritime trade, colonization
Columbian Exchange: impact of conquest
to Europe
Potato
tomato
chocolate
corn
to americas
Diseases: smallpox, influenza, measles
sugar cane
wheat
cattle, horses
IMPACT: native population wiped out by diseases
Triangle Trade & Imperialism
use of african slaves develops in Caribbean
slaves first imported into Virginia in 1619
Mercantilism:
Economic philosophy or practice in which England

established the
colonies to provide raw materials
to the Mother Country; the
colonies received manufactured goods in return
.

English Colonies
Virginia:
Jamestown
1607
established
for profit
cash crop=tobacco
1st permanent English colony
Government
House of Burgesses-first legislative elected body in N. America
Massachusetts Bay
Plymouth Pilgrims: 1620
Mayflower Compact
Puritans: John Winthrop
"City on a Hill"
established to avoid religious persecution
Government
Governor
Townhalls and elected Assembly
Rhode Island
religious dissidents frm Mass.
Roger Williams
Separation of Church & State
civil officials do not enforce religion
democratic majority rules
exile frm Mass.
Georgia
last colony founded
founded as a haven for English debtors
Indentured Servitude: a person who is bound to work for another for a specified time (especially in return for payment of travel expenses and maintenance)
Founder: JAMES OGELTHORPE
King Phillip's War
Conflict w/ Natives
1675-78
Wampanoag Indians; Chief Metacom
The Participants
The New Englanders (Puritans)
The War
Bloodiest per capita war
Effects of "King Phillip's War"
Decline of Native Americans in region
Destruction of New England town & economy
Forged "American" identity
New England
Middle
Southern
Penal Colony
Protestant Reformation
Split in Christianity
Roman Catholics
loyal to Pope in Rome
very rigid hierarchy
adheres to medieval tradition
Protestants
believe that catholic church is corrupt
more varied in beliefs
Do NOT accept Pope's authority
Spain, France, Portugal, Italy
England, Netherlands, German States
Full transcript