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Aid case studies - Send a cow; Pergau Dam
Transcript of Aid case studies - Send a cow; Pergau Dam
(upto 15l per day)
which provides nutrition for families. Any excess milk can be sold to the local cooperative store to generate an income. The cow's
manure can be used to fertilise the fields to boost their crop yield. Any excess vegetables can be sold to the
Cooperative store. UGANDA The charity not only
provide ongoing support for the families with cows offering check ups from a vet, they also raise awareness of HIV/AIDS, family planning and other health issues. One woman sent 6 children to school and 1 to university on one cow's earnings! The farmers are taught to grow vegetables including legumes, a fodder crop, which are high in protein to feed the cows So, how does Send a Cow promote development? Women have traditionally counted for nothing in the community and in most cases they work the farms while the men sit and watch.
They have no rights to possess anything. But, the cow provides the women with the means to support their families and overcome their poverty. Send a Cow also provides gender awareness training to improve the status of women in the community. This means that people are healthier and have more energy to work and be productive. The
principle The family who receives the cow agrees to give the first female calf to another family who
needs it. Send a Cow is now also working in the following African countries Pergau Dam, Malaysia
An example of tied aid Tied aid is when one country donates money or resources to another (bilateral aid) but with conditions attached. These conditions will often be in the MEDC's favour. Malaysia Malaysia The Pergau Dam was the most costly aid project ever, funded by the British government.
Over half of the £415 million scheme was paid for by the UK. On condition of funding the dam, the British government secured a huge arms contract to supply military aircraft to Malaysia. This would provide exports and jobs for the UK. In recent years, Kuala Lumpur has become a major financial centre for the South-East Asian economy. It's huge office towers reflect its prosperity and its growing demand for electricity. The electricity produced by the dam will not benefit the poorest Malaysians... Most of it will go to Malaysia's booming capital, Kuala Lumpur. Environmental costs of the project are high.
Deforestation of large areas of rainforest has led to soil erosion.
The soil has been washed into the Pergau River and started to silt it up.
Rare animals are threatened e.g. the Sumatran rhino and tiger.
Roads built to construct electricity pylons have opened up the rainforest to loggers. (Top down approach) “This cow is transforming our family life. She is providing milk for our children, which we could not afford before. We have a surplus to sell, which covers school expenses and family healthcare. Her manure fertilises our garden, which yields enough vegetables to eat, share with neighbours, and sell. We are helping our neighbours set up their own vegetable gardens, which is deepening our friendships. This season, we expect good crops of bananas and beans – that will be a real life-changing opportunity.”
Margaret Mukabasinga, Rwanda