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Transcript of Autism
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An introduction to Autism
ASD is a brain based condition, which means that the brain hasn't developed in a typical way.
"Although no two children with ASD are the same, they all face challenges in interacting and communicating with others..."
Misconceptions such as there need to be eliminated due to the stigma associated with autism.
In the classroom
It is common to have a child with a physical or mental disability or special need in the modern classroom.
There are some theories as to why people are born with ASD but it is inconclusive.
Department of Education requirements
There are a number of national and international conventions that define how students with disabilities are to be addressed in classrooms.
A select few are the UNESCO Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the Australian Department of Education's Disability Discrimination Act (1992)
They constitute a range of regulations that are globally recognised that schools need to uphold
This case study is an interpretation of a student whom we observed on placement, his name and face has been changed to ensure his privacy.
Oscar is a student in first grade who was diagnosed with ASD at the conclusion of Prep.
Oscar is eligible for a teacher aide to assist him with basic skills.
Oscar has a two-parent family with an older brother, Joseph, who looks out for him.
Oscar has trouble with his social skills and behaviour as well as his language and fine motor skills.
Strategies to manage the characteristics and their impact on learning
Oscar enjoys school, however sudden changes during the day can upset him and cause him to lose concentration
Methods of managing these difficulties:
Developing a differentiated timetable in accordance to Oscar's requirements enables Oscar to know what time he has classes
Developed with teachers and parents
Crisis management procedures need to be organised for excursions and fire drills etc.
Understand the reasons why Oscar may have difficulties transitioning between different subjects and years
Create a timetable for Oscar to follow at home
Ensure that he finishes homework and goes to bed at a reasonable time
Avoid being tired and irritable at school
Remains committed to it
Strategies to manage the characteristics and their impact on learning
Stretegies to manage the characteristics and thier impact on learning
Emotions and sensitivities:
Sensitivity or lack of sensitivity to sounds, textures, tastes, smells, or light
Repeating instructions and ensuring that Oscar is looking and listening
Difficulty with fine motor activities
Simple activities to improve hand
strength and coordination.
Take home message
Difficulty understanding jokes, figures of speech and sarcasm, as well as communicating/interacting with peers
Social skills training (SST): Providing children with Autism spectrum disorder the skills to interact with others through social stories, role-play and basic social instruction
Making new friendships rather than playing with Joseph during breaks
Parent-Implemented intervention (PII): Participating in a local sports team
Superhero social skills program: Cartoonist drawing cartoons as well as role-play, comics and games
Often uses short, incomplete sentences
Oscar's aide helps to increase speech structure and fluency
Referential communication training program: Conveying an image or picture to another student
Enhance his vocabulary through the introduction of weekly words
Social stories: Sparking discussion and conversation
Rules and Regulations
UNESCO Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is to “promote, protect and ensure the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities, and to promote respect for their inherent dignity.”
The Disability Discrimination Act (1992) asserts that it is unlawful for an educational authority to discriminate against a person on the grounds of the person’s disability “by developing curricula or training courses that have content that will either exclude the person from participation, or subject the person to any other detriment.”
By having a democratic classroom setup, as well as keeping in line with these strategies, we can provide Oscar with the best education possible.
He does not need and should not be defined by Autism.