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Harriet Beecher Stowe

Life and Times, Uncle Tom's Cabin

Angie Peters

on 13 July 2011

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Transcript of Harriet Beecher Stowe

Harriet Beecher Stowe B. June 14, 1811
D. July 1, 1896 Biography Born in Litchfield, CT
13 children in the family
Father was a protestant preacher
Mother very religious, died when Harriet was 5 years old
Worked as a teacher with older Sister Catherine
Highly educated
Moved to Cincinnati at age 21
Semi-Colon Club
Married Calvin Stowe, 7 Children
Supported the underground railroad
Died at age 85 Uncle Tom's Cabin Best known is Uncle Tom's Cabin 1852
Started as a serial for the National Era
Written from personal experiences
Lived in Ohio, accross the river from Kentucky
Underground railroad
abolitionist movement
Sold over 3000 copies in first year of publication
Public speaking, influence on the abolitionist movement
"The little lady who made this big war" -Abe Lincoln
Babies named Eva Education Both parents believed strongly in Education
Reading bible and other things with Aunt Harriet
Litchfield Academy
1824 move to Hartford, CT to attend Hartford Female Seminary, run by sister Catherine
Focused on languages and writing
Also became an assistant teacher at the seminary Cincinnati Themes Moved to Cincinnati, Ohio in 1832
Father appointed president of Lane Theological Seminary
Marride Calvin Stowe, clergyman in 1836
Encountered slavery and escaped slaves from neighbouring slave state Kentucky
Public outcry, mobs and riots over the issue of slavery Bust of Harriet Beecher Stowe at the Hall of Fame for Great Americans “It was God’s will that this nation—the North as well as the South—should deeply and terribly suffer for the sin of consenting to and encouraging the great oppressions of the South” - Harriet Beecher Stowe on the American Civil War Josiah Henson: an Inspiration Character of Uncle Tom is based on Henson
Worked as a slave 41 years
Escaped with family to Ontario - Underground Railroad
Worked for a farmer, but aspired to own land
1841 moved to Dresden, helped create Dawn Settlement
Helped found British American Institute, a school dedicated to helping advance fugitive slaves
First person of African descent to be on a Canadian stamp (1983)
The Canadian government has recognized him as a Canadian of National Historical Significance
Uncle Tom’s Cabin Historic Site just west of Dresden, Ontario Rev. Josiah Henson 1796-1883 The "Josiah Henson Cabin" Allegedly inspired by "American Slavery As It Is: Testimony of a Thousand Witnesses" and a variety of other sources
"A Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin" (1853) gives details of about what the book was based on to prove authenticity
Story of Uncle Tom's Cabin inspired largely by "The Life of Josiah Henson, Formerly a Slave, Now an Inhabitant of Canada, as Narrated by Himself" (1849) memoirs of Reverend Josiah Henson Sources Otherness - both of the slaves and the slave owners - visible even in first chapter
Loyalty & the price of loyalty
Frontier - escapes into the wilderness
Cultural conflict - conflict in values and beleifs
Representations of women - Aunt Chloe, Eliza, Mrs. Shelby
Women's voice - woman author Dispute Controversial subject matter
Dispute over sources
Books written to contrast Stowe's Biography and Education
Uncle Tom's Cabin - the book
Sources & Inspirations for Uncle Tom's Cabin
Themes in Uncle Tom's Cabin Important?
Context and value . . .
Learn anything? Aunt Phyllis's Cabin by Mary Henderson Eastman
Full transcript