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Margaret Thatcher Pro West Political Figure
Transcript of Margaret Thatcher Pro West Political Figure
Western Nations typically have a economic core that has influenced that particular state and also those around it through trade, technology and industry.
Some common characteristics of a western nation include:
1. Democratic Government
3. Great importance on Education
4. Strong belief in Capitalism
5. Equality and Freedom
6. Some social security for citizens Benefits of being a Western Nation What is a Western Nation? Margaret Thatcher Summary of Beliefs: Miners Strike of 1984 Margaret Thatcher also worked to defeat the Labour Party during the election of 1983
The Party had supported the strike and was influenced by socialism
She called an election because she knew that the Labour Party was not prepared to win a national vote at the time
Her actions against the party effectively prove that she is an enemy of socialism Map of "Western Nations" Those appearing dark blue are considered western Many nations that are deemed "western" enjoy relatively high living standards and life expectancy rates.
Usually these countries make human rights a large priority and have a body of law that is dedicated to ensuring the rights of their people (Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms)
These nations practice "rule of law"... meaning no one should be above the law, including high status political figures and leaders. She was born Margaret Hilda Roberts on Oct 13th 1925 in Grantham England
Her upbringing occurred during the Great Depression and WWII
As a child she witnessed food rations and increased government control in the daily lives of citizens, she did not agree with this
Her childhood life revolved around her faith, education and working hard at the family grocery store
Her father was interested in politics and served on the town council and was mayor for a full term
She greatly admired conservative leader Winston Churchill and gained strong patriotic values from listening to his radio speeches during the war
She was educated at Oxford university and studied chemistry
She studied law and became a great debater and speaker
She later decided to pursue politics and in 1959 she won a seat in the H.O.C
While working for the conservatives she expressed her belief that the state was too involved in the economy and in the lives of individuals
In 1961 she was appointed Secretary for Pensions and National Insurance
In 1975 she became the leader of the Conservative Party
She won the 1979 election and became the first female Prime Minister of the UK
She stayed in office for 11 years (3 consecutive terms in office) making her the longest serving PM in more than 100 years
She led Britain through a war, out of a recession, and created "thatcherism" a lasting effect of her political reign Margaret Thatcher was against:
communism and its spread
unions dictating government actions
increased government control in social services
threats against Britain's sovereignty
Margaret Thatcher was for:
capitalism and free markets
alliances with other western nations such as USA
dealing with and repairing affairs in the east
Power to the individual instead of the state Throughout her second term in office as Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher and her Conservative government vigorously fought against socialism within Britain.
The Yorkshire Mine pit was closed in 1984 as it was seen as being unprofitable and uneconomic
Arthur Scargill was the President of the National Miners Union at the time of the closure
He had previously used his power to dictate government actions prior to PM Thatcher
He called a strike without a vote, this ensured that the other pits still in business wouldn't be able to vote for working
He was a Marxist who thought that capitalism was "an obscene system"
He greatly admired Stalin and visited the Soviet Embassy in London during the Strike
He also accepted money, food, and clothing which were donated to the strike by the soviets
Scargill viewed socialism as a way to ensure that poverty, injustice, and inequality would be defeated within society
He ordered the closure of mine pits where workers refused to strike PM Thatcher was forced to respond to the strike when violence was used in riots around the Yorkshire area
Margaret Thatcher viewed Scargills actions as a serious threat to democracy and capitalism
She wanted to protect Britain from a communist revolution and felt that the strike was a threat to essential services
She refused to negotiate with the Miners union because she felt that Scargills beliefs of socialism would spread throughout the UK
Her fierce refusal to back down ultimately led to the miners voting to return to work later that same year “As far as government is concerned never never never give in to violence ... this strike is sustained by violence and by a refusal to have the democratic right to a ballot ... suggesting I appease those, no.” “We always have to be aware of the enemy within, which is much more difficult to fight and is much more dangerous to liberty.” Margaret Thatcher an Enemy of Socialism
Labour Party of 1983 Margaret Thatcher and Privatization Prime Minister Thatcher also understood that in order to effectively break down all forms of socialism within Britain, privatization of industries had to occur
The Conservative Manifesto of 1983 promised a breakdown of the nationalized industries in order to support increased privatization throughout the nation
She implemented new policies which involved the breakdown of the public sector and certain unions in order to further support capitalism and free market within Britain
Economically, privatization of both profitable and money losing assets would reduce government spending and debt and raise revenue though sales.
The sale of public housing to tenants for example, was a very popular policy which increased owner occupation by 8% within ten years thereby strengthening the property owning democracy. Small investors were given the opportunity to purchase shares on previously nationalized industries and utilities such as British Aerospace, Britoil and British Telecom. This was a sure win for both parties as investors could make a profit and government could raise funds allowing them to cut the income tax rate which reduced the burden of the state Thatcher believed that state ownership was an “inevitable adjunct of socialism, and socialism represented a form of enslavement.” She strongly promoted her own belief that in a successful nation the government had to withdraw from major sectors of the economy. In her memoirs Thatcher explained “Privatization was fundamental to improving Britain’s economic performance ... through privatization – the states power is reduced and the power of the people enhanced ... privatization is at the center of any program of reclaiming territory for freedom.” Thatcher deeply felt that capitalism was ideal because it focused on the individual and its talents thereby allowing a hardworking citizen’s full potential to be reached “With all due respect to the drafters of the American Declaration of Independence, all men and women are not created equal, at least not in regards to their characters, abilities and aptitudes.”
Margaret Thatcher Margaret Thatcher and Social Services Margaret Thatcher also used her three terms in office to restructure the relationship between the federal government and the social services within Britain
Before 1979 government provided all the education, healthcare, and welfare services to the public
This meant that the government essentially retained full power over all key industries
Thatcher strongly disagreed with this political approach
Even before her election Margaret Thatcher had worked to achieve less government interference within social services
In 1970 while she worked as Secretary of State for Education she stopped a common practice which provided free school milk for children under the age of seven
Although this gave her the title “Margaret Thatcher, milk snatcher” among the people, the change truly was in their best interest as it “reflected the dominant perception that the health value of free school milk was a declining asset when most families were enjoying rising living standards and a much more varied diet.” Once elected, Thatcher decided to institute new policies which would give the government’s current control of civil services over to the people thereby allowing the government to have a more ‘hands off’ approach
She wanted to use her political dominance to ensure that Britain would see citizens that were stronger and more independent than ever before
Thatcher once again placed her faith in the individual within society and felt that it was important for the people to obtain more control and have an increased say in the industries which affected their daily lives
She made it abundantly clear that she was against state initiatives in the social system as they “strongly encouraged dependency of the citizens”
She wished to “decentralize social benefits and place accountability back within the community
The new changes promoted a “restriction of state aid in the public sector” and created a greater initiative for people to put forth hard work in order to ensure their own success
She viewed the structure of the National Health Service under the government to be “both inefficient and wasteful.” She also believed that within the education system “too much money was being spent to achieve too little.” She knew that if the “government were to hoard resources, the resourceful would not prosper.” Thatcher implemented the Education Acts of 1980 and 1986 which extended parental choice of school and also gave school governors wider powers. The government intended school governors to reflect local community interests and encouraged citizens to get involved. Results showed steady improvement and education professionals reported that a higher percentage of students were capable of graduating secondary school. These policies ensured that the people of England took charge as responsible citizens and actively participated within their own communities. Acts Supporting Thatcher's Views of Social Services and the Federal Government Thatcher strongly endorsed her belief that it was “never any business of the government to create a sense of community but rather, it should release the energies of individuals who, one way or another, were imprisoned by the state.” Margaret Thatcher and the World Margaret Thatcher's skills in handling international affairs assisted in promoting England's prosperity in war affiliated manners and dealings
Thatchers view on communism and socialism impelled her to take a negative stand on the politics in the east
She developed a strong distaste for soviet policies and wanted to ensure that those same policies would not continue to spread throughout Europe and the rest of the world
Thatcher's view on violence and her contribution to the Cold War brought England into a time of positivity and glorious days as well as illuminated her name earning her longer terms as PM
In 1976 while giving a speech in Kensington, Thatcher openly spoke out against the prevalent communism of the eastern europeans
"The Russians are bent on world dominance, and they are rapidly acquiring the means to become the most powerful imperial nation the world has seen. The men in the Soviet Politburo do not have to worry about the ebb and flow of public opinion. They put guns before butter, while we put just about everything before guns."
Her passion and strict views on the subject gave her the title "Iron Lady" in the soviet press... she happily accepted the title Margaret Thatcher and International Alliances Margaret Thatcher grew very close with American President Ronald Regan who was elected 2 years after she was
They often visited each other and a sort of political marriage between the two nations became quite obvious
Thatcher knew that it was important for the Western nations of the world to stick together and to defend the values that they held so dearly
During the 1980's Thatcher strongly supported the United States in their defense against the Soviets "Britain and the alliance are the guarantee to other countries that democracy and freedom of choice are still possible."
-Margaret Thatcher SO WHAT? Margaret Thatcher was elected at a time where Britain’s authority as a world power was somewhat diminished, however, her political practices allowed the nation to significantly improve and become a dominant power once again. Thatcher and her politics are significant today as her battle against socialism continues within the modern world. She successfully fought against socialism in Britain during her time as Prime Minister and it is because these forces are still at work that in order to continue western practices, current western nations must look back at and learn from her and her achievements. Works Cited 1.Berlinski, Claire. “There is no alternative”: Why Margaret Thatcher Matters. New York, Basic Books, 2008.
2.Evans, Eric J. Thatcher and Thatcherism. New York: Routledge, 1997.
3.Jenkins, Peters. Mrs. Thatcher’s Revolution: the Ending of the Socialist Era. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1988.
4.Pearce, Malcolm, and Geoffrey Stewart. British Political History 1867- 2001: Democracy and Decline. London: Routledge, 1992.
5.Thatcher, Margaret. Statecraft: Strategies for a Changing World. United Kingdom: Harper Collins Publishers, 2002.
6. http://www.margaretthatcher.org/essential/biography.asp Margaret Thatcher and Mikhail Gorbachev Mikhail Gorbachev became the President of the Soviet Union in the early eighties and was invited to Britain by Margaret Thatcher in 1984
Upon this visit, Thatcher proclaimed that the Soviet President was indeed "a man she could do business with"
She was able to forge a friendship with Gorbachev but did not relent her firm beliefs and strong stand against communism of the east
Thatcher used every opportunity to publicly broadcast and speak against communism and everything that it stood for
She strongly felt that communism weakened states and individuals alike
Margaret Thatcher was able to play a prominent role in the fall of the soviet union by openly opposing it and its communist beliefs
Her friendship with the Soviet President allowed her to somewhat smooth over tensions between the east and west