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Elements of Fiction

For English 10: a look at the literary terms that make up fiction writing.

Emily Brisse

on 24 January 2014

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Transcript of Elements of Fiction

Elements of Fiction
Point of View
1. Exposition
2. Rising Action
3. Climax
4. Falling Action or Denouement
5. Resolution
provides needed background info
intensifies conflict
turning point of the action;
high reader interest
action after climax
conflict resolved
or new conflict
page 17
The chain of related events that take place in a story
Events set in motion by a CONFLICT or struggle between or within characters
when a character is pitted against an outside force
when the struggle takes place within the character
the struggle between opposing forces
the basis of plot
an account of something that happened before the "real time" of the story
aids understanding
the tension or excitement felt by the reader
created by leaving the reader uncertain or apprehensive about what happens next
a writer's use of hints or clues to indicate events that will occur later
creates suspense!
characters, real or imaginary, who take part in the action of a story
Page 1220
"Three dimensional"
Undergoes a change
"Two dimensional"
Stays the same
The technique writers use to develop characters
1. Physical Description
2. Character's own speech, thoughts, feelings or actions
3. Speech, thoughts, actions of another character
4. Narrator's own direct comments
First Person
Page 18
the time and place of a story's action
may include historical/cultural contexts
may or may not play an important role
time of day
period of history
the future
distinct variety of a language
differs from standard usage
"writing out an accent"
central idea or message in a work of literature
not the work's subject or topic
a perception about life or human nature
ask: "Where is the climax?"
Page 1236
something used to represent something else
often connects to the theme
Third-Person Omniscient
Third-Person Limited
the vantage point from which the story is told
think: narrator
determines tone, etc.
Page 623
narrator is outside the action, describes the events and characters
omniscient = "all knowing"
uses pronouns "he" "she" "they"
events are related through the eyes of ONLY one character...via the narrator
reader identifies with one character
author can still withhold info
Unreliable and Naive Narrators
A biased narrator?
One who doesn't fully comprehend what he or she is relating?
narrator is a character in the story, narrating the action as he or she perceives it
may or may not be main C
speaks directly to reader
uses pronouns "I" "me" "my"
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