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American Agriculture

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by

Janay Griego

on 15 April 2010

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Transcript of American Agriculture

American Agriculture
1865-1900 Government Policy: KNET's
Andrew Johnson (291)
Black Codes (292)
Radical Republicans
Charles Sumner
Homestead Act of 1862

National Grange Movement (322)
Oliver H. Kelley
cooperatives
Munn v. Illinois
Interstate Commerce Act
Wabash v. Illinois
Interstate Commerce Commission
farmers' alliances
Ocala Platform
The National Alliance
Technology: KNET's Joseph Glidden (313)
barbed wire
Mail-order windmills
Dams & Irrigation
Crop lien system Economic Conditions: KNET's South
sharecropping (298)
crop lien system
George Washington Carver
Farmers' Southern Alliance
Colored Farmers' National Alliance

North and West
Frederick Jackson Turner (314)
"Significance of the Frontier in American History"
commercial farming (321)
crop-price deflation
Government Policy Technology Railroads made it easier for Farmers to transport surplusses of cash crops (such as corn).
Crop Lein System made it so that poorer farmers were able to borrow supplies from local merchants with a mortgage and pay them back durring harvest season.

Economic Conditions The postwar southern economy still relied mainly on the production of cotton.
Cotton production increased and overproduction caused cotton prices to decline more than 50 percent
Sharecropping allowed poorer farmers to keep and run their farms
Northern and Western farms concentrated on raising single cash crops such as corn or wheat.
With the decreasing crop prices and the rising transportation prices benefitting economicaly off of farms became rare.
Small marginal farms could not compete with large farms which were run like factories and went out of buisness.

Ocala Platform emerges in support of increasing the amount of money in circulation which farmers hoped would raise crop prices.
The Homestead Act promoted farming and agriculture of the frontier with the offering of 160 acres of public land for anyone willing to farm that land for at least five years. About 500,000 families took advantage of the Homestead Act
Supreme court rules in Munn v. Illinois that states have right to regulate public buisness which made it illegal for railroads to have fixed rates.
Supreme court rules in Wabash v. Illinois that states could not regulate interstate commerce.
Interstate Comerce Act and ICC are set up to regulate interstate commerce and aided the outcry of farmers and shippers about the interstate railroad fairs.
Full transcript