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Transcript of Personality Assessment
Background and Stuff
What does it mean to be human?
What is a test?
Artifact of a person.
Standardized observation of behavior.
The most important things to remember:
They don’t know what’s going on
They’ve probably never done this before
They (usually) want to tell their stories
(Those stories aren’t true)
Goals of the Interview
Why are they here?
What do they want?
Relationship with thoughts
Process and content
Depression, anxiety, etc.
Relationship with feelings
Relationship of feelings and thoughts
Complexity of representations
Expectations and fears/wishes
Why do people get out of bed in the morning?
some extra assets :
FEEL FREE TO COPY & PASTE THEM!
I am a human being, I consider nothing that is human alien to me…Terence, ~170BC
What is it like to be this person?
The importance of theory
Tests and non-tests
Things we say:
Self-report and Performance-based
Things we don't say:
Objective and Projective
Diversity and EBPP
Culture and Personality
Intersectionality and Types I and II Error
Limits of confidentiality
What to expect and goals
Ways that they are/are not like me.
Questions to be answered
Outline (sort of)
What do you want?
What do you fear?
When is the first time you remember…?
How will you know when…?
Who taught you that about you?
*At least they work for me
That doesn’t bother me anymore.
No one, everyone, all the time, constantly, never, always.
Words to listen for
Therapeutic Models of Assessment
Finn and Tonsager (1992)
Morey et al (2010)
Poston and Hanson (2010)
Garske and Smith (2008)
Stuff you need…
TAT cards. Yep, that’s right. You need the cards. Even you.
Pencil, pen, crayon, or chunk of coal.
Paper, parchment, a bit of bark, or a non-sweaty palm.
Or a laptop, but that doesn’t work for me.
Must record verbatim (or as close as possible).
Ones I tend to use:
1, 2, 3BM, 13MF, 13B, 14
Regardless of what you pick, use the same ones over-n-over again.
What to say to adults
I’m going to show you some pictures and your job is to tell a story around the picture. That is, you should say what’s going on, what led up to it, and what happened after. Let me know what the characters are thinking and feeling. I’ll pitch in and ask a few questions.
Does that make sense?
(Ask this question more frequently than you think you should. )
What to say to kids
Stop picking your nose! I’m going to show you some old timey pictures and your job is to tell me what’s going on in the picture, what happened before, and what happened after. Tell about feelings and thoughts. I’ll help you out along the way.
What happened 5 years later?
Why did he/she/they do that?
What story didn’t you tell?
Which one reminds you of you?
What do you make of all of these?
Beyond the Basics: Other fund stuff to ask on the TAT
There’s no wrong way.
Everyone in the story is them.
You’re probably in their stories too (or at least the context is).
Don’t ever call it the Tat (rhymes with cat).
Hey, those cards are just a bunch of old timey white folks!
Prepare not to learn anything about the MMPI-2
Hathaway and McKinley (1949)
Designed to discriminate between diagnostic groups.
Changed some of the items.
Better normative sample.
Fewer references to “stool.”
1: Diffuse bodily concerns. Sick role. A little whiney.
2: State-like depression; trait-like depression; internal focus.
3: Affectively showy. Attention-seeking and needy.
You know…like a woman. Am I right Danny? Yeah.
4: Awesome. Socially rebellious, difficulty learning from past mistakes, impulsive, naughty (or a history of naughtiness).
5: If high, then nonconforming to socially-dictated gender norms. If low, then overly conforming to socially-dictated gender norms.
Clinical Scales 1-5
7. Woody Allen
8. Out of contact with consentual reality. Or religious. Or stoned. Or has a head injury.
9. First, I need to get some stuff from the store and then I need to write this paper and then I need to finish my painting and cook dinner and walk the dog and then finish designing an Anglican Cathedral, and then learn to play the banjo….
0. Chatty folks are awesome. Quiet folks suck.
Clinical scales 6-0
Restructured Clinical Scales
Only 192 items
RC1: Somatic Complaints
RC2: Low positive emotions
RC4: Antisocial behavior
RC5: There is no RC5.
RC6: Ideas of persecution
RC7: Dysfunctional Negative emotions
RC8: Aberrant Experiences
RC9: Hypomanic activation
L: Dumb underreporting
F: Overreporting (or real things)
K: Subtle underreporting or defensiveness
VRIN: Random responding
TRIN: Fixed pattern of responding. Deliberate.
S: Superlative self-presentation.
A Diversity Diversion Wherein We Discuss Transcendence
Writing and Organizing
Other Story-Telling Techniques
-Costa and McRae
-Three...and then BIG FIVE
-Robust cross-cultural research
Openness to experience