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Mobutu Sese Seko:
Transcript of Mobutu Sese Seko:
Reigned from 1965 - 1997
Dictator of Democratic Republic
of Congo, also known as Zaire
Four Biographical Facts of Mobutu Sese Seko
I. Missionary School
II. Military Success
Characteristics of Mobutu Sese Seko
I. Unbridled Ambition
Mobutu Sese Seko's Impact on Women and Children
I. Legalized Polygamy
II. Increased Poverty
III. Lowered Sexual Age of Consent
IV. Stripped Women of Rights
Impact on Global Economy
Fall from Power
Changed name from Joseph Desire Mobutu to Mobutu Ngbendu waza Banga
"The all-powerful warrior, who because of his endurance and inflexible will to win, will go from conquest to conquest leaving fire in his wake"
Viewed by the people as always wearing luxurious hats and robes
Figure 9. Mobutu Seko seen wearing very lavish cheetah-printed clothing.
Had malicious intentions of exploiting the country's natural resources for one purpose: to ensure that he would remain in power
Seduced by all the riches present to him
Desired money , which caused Mobutu Seko to go to any lengths, to ensure he would remain dictator
Failed to harness country's resources (copper, zinc, diamonds, gold) for the benefit of Congolese people
Accredited for economic ruins Congo is currently in
Embezzled millions of dollars worth of the country's assets, all for himself
Stole amount of money equal to national debt
Determined by Swiss banks that Mobutu stashed 3.4 million dollars there
Figure 10. Above, is a picture of Mobutu Soko's thirty-bedroom palace, which he paid for using the money he stole .
Passed the "family code"
Stripped women of their dignity
Destroyed social status of women
Gave husbands the right to have more than one wife
Children were forced onto the streets to beg for food
Children died from hunger and preventable disease; the death rate increased by over 22,000 monthly
Children ran away from home, scourging for food
Women and children lived in small, unsanitary conditions
Lowered Sexual Age of Consent
Sexual age of consent lowered down to thirteen years old
Little girls on the street were very vulnerable
Rich men offered young girls money on the streets for sex
Pedophilia was essentially legal in Congo
Stripped Women of their Rights
Husbands were allowed to take a women's property, or even abandon his wife
Law was established that husbands could seize their wives' properties, even if not living together
Women were given no rights to houses
II. Foreign Policy
Stole money that was given to Congo by Belgium, France, and the U.S.
Supported by Western countries, no opposition within Congo
Nationalized economic assets owned by foreigners
Hospitalized in Switzerland because of prostate cancer
Unable to coordinate the resistance against the rebels, foreign government.
Failed in defending country , because army was used to being given orders to supress civilians not fight.
Mobutu fled into exile after failing to reach an agreement during peace talks
Laurent-Désiré Kabila's forces, the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire proclaimed victorious the next day.
Laurent-Désiré Kabila became the new president of Congo.
Purchased fifteen palaces, expensive foreign cars, gold taps, and ming vases.
Ordered the Tutsi (ethnic group) to leave Zaire with a penalty of death if they disobeyed
Planned to overthrow him under leadership of President Yoweri Museveni (Uganda) and Rwandan Minister of Defense, Paul Kagame, rebels, and foreign governments
Joined forces with locals and marched toward Kinshasha
Sent to a Catholic Missionary School
Ordered to serve seven years in the Congolese army as punishment for misbehavior
Enjoyed the discipline of army life
Acquired the title Sergeant Major, the highest position available for an African
Quit the army to pursue Journalism full-time
Met many important politicians through press contacts
Formed a connection with Patrice Lumumba, the Prime Minister
Appointed Lumumba's personal aide and later the Secretary of State for National Defense
Uncontrolled inflation plagued Congo
Massive currency devaluations
Figure 4. Men enrolled in the Congolese Army
Figure 5. Mobutu Sese Seko as a Sergeant Major
Figure 7. Patrice Lumumba is pictured above
Figure 6. This is an image of the French newspaper that Mobutu Sese Seko worked for.
Stole an estimated $4-5 billion, possibly $15 billion
Paid $5 million to Muhammed Ali and George Foreman in order for them to fight in the famous
Rumble in the Jungle
match, using Congo's money.
Figure 13. Interview with Mobutu addressing the complaints of his embezzlement
Figure 1. Mobutu seen in official uniform
Figure 2. Map of Zaire within Africa
Figure 3. Above, Mobutu is dressed in his iconic cheetah print hat
Figure 8. Mobutu Seko is seen accompanied by army officials in the background
Figure 11. Mobutu Sese Seko and his wife are seen above
Figure 14. A poster advertising the
Rumble in the Jungle
Figure 21. Above, is a picture of Laurent-Désiré Kabila, the following president of Congo
Went on Concord shopping trips to Paris
Had several bottles of wine per day, lavish meals, and servants flown from overseas.
Figure 15. Seko with U.S. president Richard Nixon in Washington D.C. ,1973.
Figure 17. An image of Congolese money.
Figure 16. One of Seko's palaces after it was raided and looted when he was removed from power.
Figure 20. Seko with his army
Figure 19. The flag of the rebels who were called the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo
Figure 18. A Zairian rebel lights a picture of Mobutu Sese Seko on fire.
Figure 12. Above, is a picture of the kind of environment where women and children in Congo live.