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Puritans: An Overview
Transcript of Puritans: An Overview
a quick overview
Puritans did not approve of the Church of England
The Church of England
did not approve of them.
one who opposes
the church doctrines
Works Cited for images:
Puritans were punished severely
for their heretical ideas.
Why were the Puritans
They believed in a simpler, less ornate church and church service.
Puritans believed in simple, conservative
dress and actions
Singing in church
Puritans did not allow dancing, reading fiction, performing drama, and singing. They were all considered vain enjoyment.
vain enjoyment =
doing something that
might take your mind off
of your religious obligations (and may lead you into
Puritans also did not like the many levels of hierarchy within the Church of England. Instead, they hired (and fired) their own ministers.
theocracy = government is
guided by religious thought
(this is the "church & state"
that was later separated by the Founding Fathers)
Puritan = type of religion that was an attempt to "purify" the Church of England in the 1600s
Their belief in the importance of hard work was termed the "Puritan Work Ethic" and is still used today.
What about the Salem Witch Trials?
What do you think the Salem Witch Trials are?
When & Where:
Salem, Massachusetts, 1692
There were arguments and lawsuits over land and the new minister of the church.
Young girls, who were normally utterly powerless in their community, found that they would be listened to and respected for calling someone a witch.
Accused of witchcraft:
Number found guilty:
for being labeled a witch:
died in jail
pressed to death for refusing to answer the charge
Reasons for accusations:
absent from church meetings
ergot (fungus on rye that can cause hallucinations)
In Salem, if you were accused, you could:
(you must blame others
for bewitching you)
You won't be hanged.
You will spend an eternity in hell for it.
Deny it &
Try your luck
You will likely
A person whose opinion is at odds/against with what is generally accepted.
What's a heretic?
...as long as you didn't smile.
A common phrase was:
Idle hands are the devil's playthings!
They allowed journals - for introspection.
Poetry was also allowed because it was considered an intellectual pursuit.
They could use their journals to determine how well they were serving God.
When did we talk about Puritans in the last Guide?
vain = having no value
idle = not moving
Remember Anne Bradstreet and Edward Taylor?
What images come to mind when you hear the word "witch"?
Based on what you know about the Puritan lifestyle, why do you think being called a witch would be such a horrible accusation?