Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Captain James Cook

No description
by

Malin Ihle

on 14 January 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Captain James Cook

Explorations across the ocean
Christopher Columbus
- born 1451 in Genua in Italy
- died on May 20, 1506 in Valladolid at the age of 55
- first time on board of a ship at the age of 14
- wanted to find a sea route to India - spices, silk, etc.
- king of portugal didn´t support him
- Isabella, queen of spain did

Captain James Cook
- explorer, navigator, cartographer, and captain
- born on October 27, 1728
- died on February 14, 1779
- first to make detailed explorations in the Pacific Ocean
His first journey
- 13. August 1492 - 15. March 1493
- three ships ( Santa Maria, Nina, Pinta)
- journey was vary hard - the crew wanted to rebel - they reached land
- 12. October 1492 New World
- island of the Bahamas- named it San Salvador
- named native Indians and traded with them
- thought he found Asia ( India)
- but it was America
(1768-1771)
- to see calculated passing of Venus in front of sun
- to find legendary Terra australis
- New Zealand, Australia, New Guinea
The second journey
(1772-1775)
- to search for Terra australis again
- sailed along pack ice edge
- found many islands
The first journey
"Endeavour"
The third journey
(1776-1779)
- to find a connection between the Atlantic and the Pacific Ocean
- found Cook Islands and Hawaii
- killed on Hawaii by aboriginal people on February 14, 1779
Dangers
- Thirst
- Scurvy
- Reefs
- Storms
- Ice
- shipwreck
- rebellion
Zheng He
- admiral of the biggest armada (Flotte) of the world
- well-known in China
- unknown in Europe
His life
His journeys
-seven big journeys across the Indian Ocean
-each with at least 40 ships
-during the journeys discovery of lots of countries with good spices
-fights against pirates in the Indian Ocean
The armada
-consisted of 300 ships
-biggest ships are called junks (Dschunken) (up to 9 masts)

The crew
-up to 28,000 men
-physicians
-pharmacists
-interpreters
-astronomers
-prisoners of wars
Missions
-trade with other countries (silk, porcelain against animals - giraffes,etc.)
-search for medicaments
-scientific research
- was apprenticed to William Sanderson at age 16
- entered the Navy in 1755
- married to Elizabeth Batts
- had 6 children
His life
Navigation
-compass
-marking incense sticks (Räucherstäbchen) as a clock
-position of the ships: mesure of the height of the polar star & the Crux
The End of the armada
-1433 because of shortage of money
-thought there aren't any countries which are good enough for capture
-1513 first European on the Indian Ocean, amarda be away, ships destroy,logbook are burn
Resources
-Zeit Online
-Google Bilder
-Wikipedia
-books: "Die grossen Entdecker", "Was ist Was: Entdecker und ihre Reisen"
!!China had been the biggest empire of its time!! but it hadn't been able to keep this status.
Some reasons:
-its pride
-its prejudices of orther counties/nations
by Hanna,Franziska &Malin
Zheng He
Christopher Columbus
James Cook
His second journey
- 25th September 1493 - 11th June 1496
- 17 ships with about 1500 passengers
- the journey went to Lesser Antilles in the Carribean
- found La Isabela
- unfair to Indian- fighting with them
- he took prisoners - back to Spain
His third and fourth journey
- third journey : 30th May 1498 - 25th November 1500
- fourth journey : 9th May 1502 - 7th November 1504
- with his son Fernando
- to Honduras - first time he entered American mainland

Toscanelli card
- showed just Europe, Africa, China and Japan
- very unpointed
- thought the world would be smaller
- sea route across the Atlantic Ocean
- Vikings were in America before
- other countries like France and Great Britain wanted to use the New World, too so after Columbus journey the colonization began
-born 1371 (Ma He)
-kidnapped at the age of 11
-brought to the prince
of China who made Zheng He admiral of his armada as soon as he was emperor
Full transcript