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Satsuma-Choshu Alliance

Resistance leading to the new order

Mackenzie Bagwell

on 5 May 2011

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Transcript of Satsuma-Choshu Alliance

Two groups of samurai warriors located in territories in southern Japan. The goal of this alliance was to overthrow the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan. Before the Treaty of Kanagawa the Tokugawa shogunate kept a strict isolation policy. This military alliance was formed in 1866 This policy changed when Matthew Perry by order of president Millard Fillmore arranged the treaty. Better treatment and return of all the shipwrecked American sailors. The opening of two ports to Western nations. The three conditions of the treaty were: These two territories were fierce enemies before this alliance was formed and there was still much distrust.

This victory led to the Meiji Restoration. The Meiji Restoration led to the industrilialization of Japan.

In 1869, the daimyo of the Tosa, Hizen, Satsuma and Chōshū domains were persuaded to 'return their domains to the Emperor'. Other daimyo were also persuaded to give up there lands which created a central government in Japan.

Now, every man at the age of 21 was required to serve in the military for four years. Many oligarchs set out to abolish the samurai.

Japan evolved into a very different country due to the influence of Western nations.

which soon led to a civil war. These changes led to many riots led by the samurai and the Satsuma Rebellion led by Saigō Takamori

Battle of Toba-Fushimi Saigō Takamori and Okubo Toshimichi (Satsuma military leaders) and Katsura Kogorō of Chōshū came together to overthrow the government.

Empire of Japan New government: The establishment of a U.S. consulate (embassy) in Japan.

The samurai no longer held their title and due to their great education merged with society and became teachers, writers and scholars.

Emperor Meiji prohibited samurai from bearing a sword or weapon as in former times.

Satsuma-Choshu Alliance The battle of Shiroyama took place on September 24, 1877, in Kagoshima, Japan. It was the final battle of the Satsuma Rebellion

In earlier times samuri were greatly respected and their swords showed their status. Samurai had the right to bear arms

The Satchō Alliance was against opening the ports to foreign nations.

The imperial armies made up of mostly Satcho samurai finally overthrew the Japanese shogunate in the Boshin War (1867-1868)

Japan went from a fuedal society to having a capitalist economy.

The Japanese military dramatically improved due to the weapon trade. The war ended with imperial victory There were many drastic changes involving Japanese culture, language, dress and society
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