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Transcript of Art History
The Ancient/Classical World
Medieval Art/ Medeltida konst
Late 1800s or beginning of the 20st century the camera became so common that the painting was no longer needed to portray reality. This affected artists in different ways, but it was no longer important that a painting was realistic.
The impressionists left the studios and went outside and painted what they saw: landscapes, people, animals etc. They wanted to capture how they saw the light, colours and shadows in a specific moment and painted quickly. They also tried to give the impression of life and movement in their paintings.
Paris was the great art city during this time and many found their way there. Nightlife with dance, music, cafes and social life were depicted, among other things in the pictures.
Science, religion, politics and culture was highly important in the Ancient World. Greek artists was fascinated of the human body and used this fascination in their Art. The beauty of the human figure are shown in many famous sculptures from this time period.
The magnificent achievements of the ancient Greeks in government, science, philosophy, and arts still influence our lives today.
The classical world later collides with a totally different view of life - the biblical.
During this period of time, Christianity spread and the Church became very powerful. Images and paintings often had religious motifs and told stories from the bible. If not religious, the motifs were of rich men showing their wealth.
Modern Art/ Modern konst
Contemporary Art/ Samtidskonst
ca: 1990 - 2014
Contemporary Art is art made by artists that are active today. The idea and process is highly important but so is also technique, shape and aesthetics.
Contemporary Art often discuss the society and the relationship between humans and the time period we live in.
Cimabue (Florence, Italy)
700 B.C-400 A.D
The French word Renaissance refers to the act of rebirth (pånyttfödelse) During the Renaissance, many European scholars and artists, especially in Italy, studied the learning and art of ancient Greece and Rome. They wanted to recapture the spirit of the Greek and Roman cultures in their own artistic, literary, and philosophic works.
Renaissance painters and sculptors, like Renaissance writers, wanted to portray people and nature realistically (like they did in the Ancient World).
During the Middle Ages, the most important branch of learning was
theology (the study of God).
However, many Renaissance thinkers
paid greater attention to
the study of humanity (the study of humans)
The birth of Adam, Sistine Chapel, Vatican
Leonardo da Vinci
The last supper/ nattvarden
The baroque art was bombastic and dramatic with a lot of movement (in difference to the Renaissance art). The contrast between light and darkness became very important and details and grand ornaments is typical for the genre.
David and Goliat
The Beheading of Saint John the Baptist
A reaction to the seriousness and bombastic Baroque. The Rococo was playful and as this was difficult times, people wanted to flee the boring reality. The motives was often of parties, love scenes and flowers and the colours was more soft.
(lived in Paris)
The Neo-classicism was a reaction to the playful Rococo and went back to ideal of the the ancient/classical world. Again, the focus was on the human figure and reason (förnuft) in Art.
The neo-classicism coincided with the Enlightenment (upplysningen).
Out with playfulness and
In with reason (förnuft).
Jacques Louis David
The death of Marat
The anatomy lesson
The girl with the pearl earring
The artists wanted to paint images that showed emotions. Nature played an important role during the Romanticism and landscapes became a common motif. Artists used bright colors and strong visual effects in their paintings.
Out with reason and in with emotion, nature and fantasy!
Caspar David Fredrich
Out with emotion and fantasy - in with realism!
Out with realism - in with quick impressions (intryck).
During this period of time there was some big changes in society and in the way people lived. With industrialization, social issues became important and a lot of people turned to politics. This was also visible in art. Artists wanted to portray a true and honest image of everyday life. For the first time, workers and common people played an important role in the arts.
Jean- Francoise Millet
The time after impressionism is often called post-impressionism (post means "after"). During the 1900s there were many different art styles that coexisted. Artists experimented s lot with colour, shape and form.
Pierre- August Renoir (1841-1919) French
Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette
Vincent Van Gogh
(During this time, the people in Greece believed in different gods and goddesses, eg. Zeus, Aphrodite (goddess of love) and Athena (goddess of wisdom) and they are often portrayed in the arts.)
During the Middle Ages, painters and sculptors tried to give their works a spiritual quality. They wanted viewers to concentrate on the deep religious meaning of their paintings and sculptures.
They were not concerned with making their subjects appear natural or lifelike.
Carrying Open fan: come speak with me
Twirling the fan in the right hand: I love another
Twirling the fan in the left hand: We are being watched
Placing the fan near your heart: I love you
A half-closed fan pressed to the lips: You may kiss me
Letting the fan rest on the right cheek: Yes
Letting the fan rest on the left cheek: No
Dropping the fan: We will be friends
Damen med slöjan
Modern Art / 1900 -talskonst
Late 1900 and 2000 century
Liberty leading the people