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SWITZERLAND

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on 30 April 2015

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Transcript of SWITZERLAND

ECONOMY
Unemployment Rate
3.5%
Between 5% - 0%:
Full employment economy.
Population: 8.06 million 135,756 unemployed
Increasing (rate) ...
Protests & Social Stability
Social stability
Tolerance and freedom
Security, prosperity, coherence, politics
Central Bank
Swiss National Bank (SNB)
Stablished: June 20, 1907: in Zurich, Berne, Basel, Geneva, and St Gallen.
Johann Daniel Hirter (first president: 1907 - 1923)
Mission: ensure price stability through directing country’s monetary policy.
This bank records all their monetary policy issues and solutions. (Swiss National Bank, 2015).
News: #1

Where/Who:
In
Switzerland
, even though
Poland
and
Russia
are the other countries
involved
.

When?

March 10, 2015.

How
? A Swiss
company
that sells high-tech products, sold
military
products to
Russia
.

What and why it happened?
Poland is criticizing the company’s actions. This is because Switzerland is contributing to the probabilities that they exist of having another
aggression from Russian military.

What could have caused it to happen?
The
past
actions between
Russia and Ukraine
caused other
countries to be alert.

Name two important actors.
Who are them? What is the role? Which is the importance to be in this new?
Grzegorz Schetyna

(Polish foreign minister
), in charge of
relations
of his country with other
countries
, and
Fabian Maienfisch (Swiss economic policy spokesman)
. They are important because they are distinguished persons in each of their countries, since they are in charge of very influential roles.
Inflation Rate
SWITZERLAND
By:
Isabel Baz García Moreno

A01228600

Itzel Gutiérrez Vargas

A01228045

Mayté Ana Karen Luna Rodríguez

A01228143

Juan Pablo Liébana

A01227850

Kaori Martha Inukai Nagatome

A01228154
News: #2
The inflation rate of Switzerland is
-0.8%
(Trading Economics, 2015).
Negative and positive (2013-2015)
Production Factors
Economic System
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Per Capita Income
News : #3
News : #4
Society
HSBC and Falciani: How it happened
Flag
Other name:
Confoederatio Helvetica
Switzerland
TRAMsoft GmbH. (2014). Information about Switzerland.
www.about.ch
. Taken from: http://www.about.ch
A Timeline of Switzerland's History. (n.d.). Switzerland's History, Retrieved February 21, 2015, from http://history-switzerland.geschichte-schweiz.ch/timeline-switzerlands-history.html
Significant factors for Switzerland’s economy. (2011). Port of Hamburg. Recuperated from http://www.portofhamburg.com/en/content/significant-factors-switzerland%E2%80%99s-economy
Switzerland. (2015). Central Intelligence Agency. Recuperated from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sz.html
Switzerland Population | 1960-2015 | Data | Chart | Calendar | Forecast. (n.d.). Retrieved February 21, 2015, from http://www.tradingeconomics.com/switzerland/population
Switzerland GDP. (2015). Trading Economics. Recuperated from http://www.tradingeconomics.com/switzerland/gdp
Swissworld. (2013). Retrieved February 21, 2015, from http://www.expatica.com/ch/about/country-facts/Swissworld-Religion-in-Switzerland_107839.html
El estilo del Datejust [photograph]. (2015). Recuperated from http://www.rolex.com/es/watches/datejust/m116233-0149/magazine.html
Top 12 Things Switzerland is Famous for [photograph]. (2014). Recuperated from http://listovative.com/top-12-things-switzerland-famous/
(TRAMsoft GmbH, 2014)
Journal:
Swissinfo
http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/hsbc-and-falciani--how-it-happened/41263376
Where?
Geneva, Switzerland
When?
Published in February, 2015 but the main problem was in May, 2008.
How?
Hervé Falciani was introduced inside the HSBC system.
Who?
Hervé Falciani, a former IT specialist at HSBC.
What and why it happened?
HSBC banking unit in Switzerland is facing several indictments about it helped terrorist to hide their money and tax cheats. However, this problem was caused by a man named Hervé Falciani who attempted to sell HSBC data to other countries in 2008.
Background:
Hervé Falciani attempted to sell HSBC Switzerland clients information in other countries, such as France.
Important actors:
Hervé Falciani, the main character, HSBC Bank.
and time later, Christine Lagarde shared information with other countries too, such as Greece, India, Britain, etc.
Social aspects:
The main social aspect is the taboo, because
this was an illegal act and this kind of actions are not related to Switzerland's culture.
Economical aspects:
one of the economical aspects that is presented are the protests and social stability, because people were saying that HSBC bank helped tax cheats, that terrorist organizations were hiding there their money and the bank was its accomplice.
Conclusion:
It affects the economy of the country because HSBC bank is one of the most important and recognized banks in the world, a great amount of Swiss had their accounts there. Also, in the document says that Hervé Falciani could have distributed the information of the banking accounts with other countries.
References
Political Map
Population:
8.1 million people in 2014
(Expatica, n.d.)
Main Religions:
Roman Catholicism and

Protestantism
(Swissworld, 2013)
National Languages:
German, French, Italian and Rumantsch.
(Swissworld, 2013)
5 Important Dates
According to the Central Intelligence Agency (2015) "Switzerland has a highly skilled labor force, a developed service sector and a manufacturing industry that specializes in high-technology ". It means that Switzerland is one of the most competitive economies in the world. One example of its technology could be the watch industry brand named "Rolex". Also, the main production factors in Switzerland are cheese and chocolate, which are exported worldwide (Port of Hamburg, 2011).
800 - 58 B.C.(Iron Age):
A Celtic tribe called the Helvetians gave their name to the Swiss territory. This is why "Helvetica" became another important name to identify Switzerland
1798
: The Swiss Revolution was happening and the Farmers became free citizens, and French troops supported them.
5 Important Dates
1866:
It was important because of the emancipation of Jews, when this minority obtained equal rights.
1918-1932:
It was important because this country was also hit by the famous Economic Crisis
.
2002:
It was an important date since Switzerland joined the UN.
(Switzerland's History, n.d.)
(Switzerland's History, n.d.)
According to Trading Economics (2015) In the year 2014 it was estimated that the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Switzerland was $650.78 billions of dollars. If you compare this GDP with the last year, you will see that it has improved, this means that Switzerland has also improved its economic growth. Therefore, there exist more quantity of goods produced, more jobs, more economic opportunities.
Facts
Teachers are highly paid and they have a lot of vacations. Specifically; 12 weeks.
There are more than 1500 lakes in this country.
60% of Switzerland's electricity comes from hydroelectric power.
This country has more than 3100 miles of rail system.
86% of adults possess a high school diploma. (Educated country)
(Newly Swissed, 2010)
Switzerland GDP through the years (Trading Economics, 2015)
Tends to be more unequal.
The most part of its population belongs to an intermediate level of the social pyramid.
People who belong on top of the pyramid are few, and they are considerably more benefited than the rest of the population
Social Stratification
Culture
The Swiss' culture is made about different cultures, like the Celts, the Helvetiis and the Raetians, that shaped by them. Also their culture is shaped by the traditions like wear the ancient folk costumes in some occasions and the 4 language they speak.
(Swiss Vistas, 2015)
Swiss pop culture is conformed by their music, TV programs, fashion, etc. They listen to many kinds of music, but the principals are pop, jazz, orchestra, and rock. With globalization, Swiss TV has changed since the years passed, today, their entertainment comes principally from sports, news, and German TV shows. Swiss people always try to dress warm because Switzerland is a cold country and snowy. They usually use a coat or sweater, large boots, and wear layers upon layers of clothes. They use friendly environmental clothes. (GoAbroad, 2013)
A very important aspect that defines social groups is the language, Swiss people speak Romanian and German and they use to make social groups depending on their likes.
Religion is too another factor that defines groups, because many people affiliates to their churches in order to spread God's word.
Social Groups
French-speakers
1.5 million (20.4%),

Italian-speaker
s 489,422 (6.5%)
Yugoslavs
363,855 (4.8%),
Turks
80,462 (1.1%),
Portuguese
35,032,
Spanish
76,080,
Rhaetians/Romansh-speakers
50,000 (2003),
Roma/Gypsies
30,000–35,000 (1990s estimates),
Jews
17,900 (2003).
(World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous People, 2005)
Minority Groups
They have a traditional model of division, that the women have to stay at home and take care of the children while the men have to work.
In 1970 was established a law to have an equality between sexes, but has not been so effective.
Gender Division of Work
In Switzerland, children are supposed to go to school while adults work and bring food for their families. The people thinks that the children have limited capacities because of their age and they have to concentrate in playing and studying to make a better future for Switzerland
(Countries and Their Cultures, 2015).
Social role by age
Taboos
Talk loudly
Be unpunctual (in time)
Give someone expensive, or sharp gifts and chrysanthemums ans white lilies.
Talk to people while chewing gum or having your hands in pockets.
Asking personal questions (religion, salary)
Hike if you are not fit.
(Travel Taboo, 2007)
(Countries and their Cultures, 2015)
News (Switzerland Takes a Side for Neutrality)
Notice (Two trains collide in northern Switzerland, five injured)
Montreux Jazz 2015 to feature Sam Smith and Lady Gaga
Notice (HSBC and Falciani:
How it happened)
References
René Levy. La structure sociale de la Suisse. (n.d.). Retrieved February 21, 2015, from https://books.google.com.mx/books?id=Gb0B5uavb-oC&pg=PA63&lpg=PA63&dq=stratification sociale suisse&source=bl&ots=kMlVLsvRgb&sig=JiZqJG4HmBPRe6M_Fa2Wcfei_as&hl=es&sa=X&ei=ASXoVPiTKZKPyASU34CgBg&ved=0CFkQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=stratification sociale suisse
20 Surprising Facts about Switzerland. (2010, March 26). Retrieved February 21, 2015, from http://www.newlyswissed.com/20-surprising-facts-about-switzerland/
Political Map of Switzerland. (n.d.). Retrieved February 21, 2015, from http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/map/switzerland-political-map.htm
Look like a local: Switzerland (2013) Retrieved Feb. 21, 2015 from: http://www.goabroad.com/blog/2013/07/23/look-like-a-local-switzerland/
Swiss Vistas. (2015). Switzerland Culture and Traditions. Retrieved from: http://www.swissvistas.com/switzerland-culture.html#.VOi2LkJpAYM
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous People. (2005). Switzerland overview. Retrieved from: http://www.minorityrights.org/1735/switzerland/switzerland-overview.html
Switzerland. Economic Indicators. (2015). Trading Economics. Retrieved by http://www.tradingeconomics.com/switzerland/indicators
Current time.(n.d.) Unikom. Retrieved from:http://www.switzerland-4you.com/facts.htm

Swissinfo. (w.d.) Swiss and Austrian armies consider collaboration. Recovered from: http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/politics/teamwork_swiss-and-austrian-armies-consider-collaboration/41384418
The Local. (2015) Poland slams Swiss military sale to Russia. Recovered from: http://www.thelocal.ch/20150310/poland-slams-swiss-military-sale-to-russia
Travel taboo. (2007). Switzerland Travel Tips- DOs and DONTs. Retrieved from: http://www.traveltaboo.com/switzerland-travel-tips-dos-and-donts/
Countries and Their Culture. (2015). Switzerland. Retrieved from: http://www.everyculture.com/Sa-Th/Switzerland.html
Income. (2015). OECD Better Life Index. Recuperated from http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/topics/income/
Nasdaq (2015) Switzerland to Enforce Stricter Capital Rules on Major Banks. Retrieved from http://www.nasdaq.com/article/switzerland-to-enforce-stricter-capital-rules-on-major-banks-analyst-blog-cm446241
Tv News. (2015). Two trains collide in northern Switzerland, five injured. Retrieved from http://www.ctvnews.ca/world/two-trains-collide-in-northern-switzerland-five-injured-1.2245054
Time. (1920). Switzerland Takes a Side for Neutrality. Retrieved from http://time.com/3695334/switzerland-neutrality-history/
Market economy. (2015). Cambridge Dictionaries Online. Recuperated from http://dictionary.cambridge.org/es/diccionario/ingles-de-negocios/market-economy
Nasdaq. (2015). Switzerland to Enforce Stricter Capital Rules on Major Banks. Recuperated from http://www.nasdaq.com/article/switzerland-to-enforce-stricter-capital-rules-on-major-banks-analyst-blog-cm446241
Matthew, A. (Feb 9, 2015). HSBC and Falciani: How it happened.
Swissinfo.
Retrieved by http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/hsbc-and-falciani--how-it-happened/41263376
Travel taboo. (2007).
Switzerland Travel Tips- DOs and DONTs.
Retrieved from: http://www.traveltaboo.com/switzerland-travel-tips-dos-and-donts/
Countries and Their Culture. (2015). Switzerland. Retrieved from: http://www.everyculture.com/Sa-Th/Switzerland.html
Nasdaq (2015)
Switzerland to Enforce Stricter Capital Rules on Major Banks.
Retrieved from http://www.nasdaq.com/article/switzerland-to-enforce-stricter-capital-rules-on-major-banks-analyst-blog-cm446241
Tv News. (2015).
Two trains collide in northern Switzerland, five injured
. Retrieved from http://www.ctvnews.ca/world/two-trains-collide-in-northern-switzerland-five-injured-1.2245054
Time. (1920).
Switzerland Takes a Side for Neutrality
. Retrieved from http://time.com/3695334/switzerland-neutrality-history/


(listovative, 2014)
23 cantons = cities
References
(Rolex, 2015)
The Economic System of Switzerland is a Market Economy (Central Intelligence Agency, 2015). According to the Cambridge Dictionaries Online (2015) a market economy is "an economic system in which companies manage their own business, profits, etc. and the supply and price of goods are decided according to how much demand there is for them" which means that Switzerland's economy does not have so much government interference, it has a variety in goods and services and it also means that the individual has benefits such as the consumer satisfaction.
Social Conclusion
Politics
Political System
Direct Democracy
It is a system in which everyone can participate directly in politics, in decisions of the government. For example, if they wanted to build something or establish a service in a canton, a community or even in the state, they could do it. Also, people can overturn laws of the Parliament through a referendum, if people collect a specific number of firms in a certain amount of time, they can do it (Swissinfo.ch, 2013). Or for example, if people wanted to propose a new legislation, they could do it by a initiative (Swissinfo.ch, 2011).
Political Parties
FDP: The Radical Party
Is the center-right party in Switzerland, it is Liberal. Was founded in 1848.

CVP: Christian Democratic Party
Is the centrist party, it was the conservative catholic party in Switzerland.

SP: Social Democratic Party
It is the left wing party. It is in the second place in the largest party group.Is composed in it majority by French speakers.

SVP: Swiss People's Party
It began in 1960 and is actually the strongest party in Switzerland.
Political People/Figures
Political Figures in Switzerland such as the Federal President, which include the head of the government and chief of state, have the characteristic of rotating the charge between members of the Federal Council each year (Central Intelligence Agency, 2015).
President of the Swiss Confederation :
Simonetta Sommaruga
She is the head of the government and chief of the state
since January 1st, 2015 (Central Intelligence Agency, 2015)
Vice President of the Swiss Confederation:
Johann N. Schneider-Ammann

(Swiss National Bank, 2015).
He is Vice President of the head of government and chief of state.
since January 1st, 2015 (Central Intelligence Agency, 2015).
Political Problems
European Union vs Switzerland
Switzerland has a problem with the EU because it doesn't want more EU immigrants to arrive there. As we know that this country has a direct democracy, the people decide what to do with a vote, and they decided to stop the EU immigration to the country, even if this agreement would cause economic and international relation problems to Switzerland. (AFP, 2014)
France and Switzerland
Switzerland hadn't a good time, because it had economic issues like capital flight and taxes, and also has problems internationally with the UE and also with the countries of Belgium and France with frauds and the stop of immigration. Besides that the president of France will help Switzerland with its problems. (Swissinfo.ch, 2015)
(The Local, 2015)
General information:***
Where/Who:
Switzerland and Austria.
When?
April 16, 2015
How?
Both countries considered it would be good to collaborate to
strengthen their security policy together.
What and why it happened?
The ministers from these countries got together in Switzerland to
discuss

future

plans
.
They want to do a project for their recruits in order to
improve their military,
but also
improve Swiss air transportation.
They also have plans to get together
neutral countries of Europe on a summit
, so they can see
how they can participate in conflicts
.
What could have caused it to happen?
They have interest in maintain the control they can possibly have,
work as a team, and improve their countries.
o
Name two important actors. Who are them? What is the role? Which is the importance to be in this new?
The Austrian Defense Minister is Gerald Klug and the Swiss Defense Minister is Ueli Maurer. T
hey are the ones who got together to make these important future plans representing their respective countries.
"Swiss and Austrian armies consider collaboration"
"Poland slams Swiss military sale to Russia"General information:
Freedom Index
(Swissinfo, n.d.)
According to the Freedom House (2015) Switzerland is a free country. Compared with other countries, Switzerland freedom score is 80.5. One of its most important section through which is recognized its freedom is in terms of economic freedom: Trade Freedom, Monetary Freedom, Investment Freedom, Financial Freedom, Property Rights, Freedom from corruption, etc. (2015 Index of Economic Freedom, 2015). This means that Switzerland has: monetary stability and many opportunities of employment.
State of War
The last military conflict that Switzerland was involved was in 1847 when Catholics and Protestants had a conflict. (Bachmann, 2012).
Switzerland has troops with the NATO in Kosovo for the peace-support operation and had troops in Afghanistan between 2004 and 2007.


Relation with

PRODUCTION FACTORS
:
High technology (really important in Switzerland)

Conclusion : Since
Russia
paid for high-tech military products, it is s
upporting Switzerlands economy
, because these types of products, known for their

excellent quality,

are what makes Switzerland
economically

competitive worldwide.
News #1
"Poland slams Swiss military sale to Russia"***
General information:
Where/Who:

In Switzerland, even though Poland and Russia are the other countries involved.

When?
March 10, 2015.

How?

A Swiss company that sells high-tech products, sold military products to Russia.

What and why it happened?
Poland is criticizing the company’s actions. This is because Switzerland is contributing to the probabilities that they exist of having another aggression from Russian military.

What could have caused it to happen?
The past actions between Russia and Ukraine. caused other
countries to be alert.

o
Name two important actors. Who are them? What is the role? Which is the importance to be in this new?
Grzegorz Schetyna (Polish foreign minister), in charge of relations of his country with other countries, and Fabian Maienfisch (Swiss economic policy spokesman). They are important because they are distinguished persons in each of their countries, since they are in charge of very influential roles

Relation with ECONOMIC SYSTEM
: Unusual, Governmment intervention:
air transportation.

Conclusion : It is related to the economic system aspect because the government is
interfering
in their
market economy
, since they are looking to interfere with the economy with air transportation and
future conflicts that may include economic conflicts and international trade.
(The Local, 2015)
News #2
"Swiss and Austrian armies consider collaboration"
General information:***
Where/Who:
Switzerland and Austria.
When?
April 16, 2015
How?
Both countries considered it would be good to collaborate to strengthen their security policy together.
What and why it happened?
The ministers from these countries got together in Switzerland to discuss future plans. They want to do a project for their recruits in order to improve their military, but also improve Swiss air transportation. They also have plans to get together neutral countries of Europe on a summit, so they can see how they can participate in conflicts.
What could have caused it to happen?
They have interest in maintain the control they can possibly have, work as a team, and improve their countries.
o
Name two important actors. Who are them? What is the role? Which is the importance to be in this new?
The Austrian Defense Minister is Gerald Klug and the Swiss Defense Minister is Ueli Maurer. They are the ones who got together to make these important future plans representing their respective countries.
(Swissinfo, n/d)
News #3
"Switzerland welcomes Iran's nuclear deal"
General information:
Where/Who:
Switzerland and Iran.
When?
April 03, 2015
How?
Join declaration by the P5+1 group and Iran

What and why it happened?
They are working for a greater security in the world. They are trying to reduce tension in the world. They are serching for diplomatic solution of nuclear programs in the Middle East.
What could have caused it to happen?
Because security in the world is one of Switzerland's foreign policy priorities.
o
Name two important actors. Who are them? What is the role? Which is the importance to be in this new?
The Swiss Foreign Minister Didier Burkhalter and Iranian Minister of Foreign Affairs Mohammad Javad Zarif, European Union High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Federica Mogherini they were trying to search a solution.

(Kuwait News Agency, 2012)

(Trading Economics, 2015).
News #4
"Swiss authorities agree to work with Ukraine on issue of frozen Yanukovych assets"
General information:
Where/Who:
Switzerland and Ukraine.
When?
April 17, 2015
How?
Switzerland was among the first countries to freeze Yanukovych regime assets

What and why it happened?
Swiss authorities have begun the process of giving Ukraine legal assistance concerning frozen assets which are linked to the regime of former Ukrainian President Victor Yanukovych.
What could have caused it to happen?
Interpol placed Yanukovych on its wanted list in January this year. Ukrainian officials say he stripped state coffers bare and tens of billions of euros disappeared into offshore accounts.
o
Name two important actors. Who are them? What is the role? Which is the importance to be in this new?
Switzerland helping Ukraine to serach Victor Yanukovych who steal a lot of money.

(Ukraine Today, 2015)

Conclusion
(Unikom, n.d.)
Switzerland is one of the most powerful and stale countries in Europe.
This country is ruled carefully and stable; the government wants that their citizens may participate in the freedom and peace they where they live.
Switzerland is a very intelligent country in terms of politics.
According to the OECD Better Life Index (2015), "in Switzerland, the average household net-adjusted disposable income per capita is $30, 745 dollars a year". Therefore, Switzerland's population have high life standards and it has more opportunities of good quality in education, in the household, in services, etc. Another fact is that its GDP per capita is one of the highest in the world too, with a value of $55,200 (Central Intelligence Agency, 2015).
References
AFP. (10, february, 2014). “This will cause problems” – EU warns Switzerland after immigration result. Thejournal.ie.Recovered from: http://www.thejournal.ie/switzerland-referendum-immigration-eu-1308641-Feb2014/
Bachmann, H. (2012). The Swiss Difference: A Gun Culture That Works. TIME. Recovered from: http://world.time.com/2012/12/20/the-swiss-difference-a-gun-culture-that-works/
Executive branch: the Federal Council. (2015). Federal Department of Foreign Affairs Presence Switzerland. Recovered from http://www.swissworld.org/en/politics/government_and_parliament/the_federal_council/
How the Swiss political system works. (2013). swissinfo.ch. Recovered from http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/switzerland-s-direct-democracy_how-the-swiss-political-system-works/30989120
Johann N. Schneider-Ammann [photograph]. (2014). Recovered from http://www.admin.ch/br/dienstleistungen/00094/00095/00112/00718/index.html?lang=en
Kuwait News Agency. (2012). Switzerland welcomes Iran's nuclear deal. KUNA. Recovered from: http://www.kuna.net.kw/ArticleDetails.aspx?id=2433940&Language=en
Simonetta Sommaruga [photograph]. (2014). Recovered from http://www.admin.ch/br/dienstleistungen/00094/00095/00112/00718/index.html?lang=en
Swissinfo.ch. (2015) French president buries hatchet over tax. Swissinfo.ch. Recovered from:.http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/politics/françois-hollande_french-president-buries-hatchet-over-tax-/41381190
Swissinfo. (w.d.) Swiss and Austrian armies consider collaboration. Recovered from: http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/politics/teamwork_swiss-and-austrian-armies-consider-collaboration/41384418
Switzerland. (2015). Central Intelligence Agency. Recovered from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sz.html
Switzerland. (2015). Freedom House. Recovered from https://freedomhouse.org/country/switzerland#.VTHZtZPNX2s
Switzerland Government type. (2014). Index mundi. Recovered from http://www.indexmundi.com/switzerland/government_type.html
Switzerland. (2015). 2015 Index of Economic Freedom. Recovered from http://www.heritage.org/index/country/switzerland
Swissinfo.ch. (2011). Political parties. Swissinfo.ch. Recovered from: http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/political-parties/29288918
Switzerland troops NATO. (2013). NATO/OTAN. Recovered from: http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_52129.htm.
The Local. (2015) Poland slams Swiss military sale to Russia. Recovered from: http://www.thelocal.ch/20150310/poland-slams-swiss-military-sale-to-russia
Ukraine Today. (2014). Swiss authorities agree to work with Ukraine on issue of frozen Yanukovych assets. Ukraine Today. Recovered from: http://uatoday.tv/politics/swiss-authorities-agree-to-work-with-ukraine-on-issue-of-frozen-yanukovych-assets-421963.html
Ukraine Today (2015) Russia-Swiss Deal: Poland slams Swiss for selling army equipment to Russia just after MH17 attack. Recovered from: https://www.youtube.com/watch??v=NtrI7JNQbH0
Switzerland to Enforce Stricter Capital Rules on Major Banks
Journal:
Nasdaq.
http://www.nasdaq.com/article/switzerland-to-enforce-stricter-capital-rules-on-major-banks-analyst-blog-cm446241
Where:
Switzerland.
When :
February, 19, 2015.
How:
Banks are taking serious preventions for future economic problems.
Who:
banks, Switzerland economy.
What and Why Happened in a visual way:
The world has a lot of economic problems nowadays, that is why Switzerland is taking preventions in banks and telling the people how things are going to be.
Important actors:
Banks, Switzerland economy, Switzerland people.
Background:
The world is having economic problems specially Russia, UK, EEUU. for the oil and movement of money.
Social Aspects:
It has to be with the role of people in work, in banks and economy, the kind of life and culture in this place, most of the time people in Switzerland does not have monetary problems.
Economical aspects:
In this new the economical aspects that we can see are for example protest and social stability because they are trying to stabilize and prevent another crisis. Also, the Central Bank was involved in this situation to make decisions.
Conclusion:
This new affects the economy of the country because it is not only about one bank in Switzerland, it talks about the economy of Switzerland in general, to prevent another crisis.
Conclusion about Economics
In conclusion, Switzerland's economy in general is very good. Switzerland has an unemployment rate within the average of 5% - 0%, its inflation is decaying, it has a great GDP and if you compare it with other countries, it has a high Per Capita Product, which means that the majority of Swiss people live well. Also, Switzerland is recognized as one of the most competitive economies in the world, it has qualified labor force and industries especialized in technology.
We noticed that Switzerland is a very conscious country that knows how to handle social issues such as education, and ecology because of their sources of energy, but something we disliked about this country is that Swedish citizens have a very unequal role in society due to their sexual division of work and their stratification. Other countries should learn some aspects from Switzerland, but they can analyze what the country is doing wrong to make it better in other places of the world.
Journal: Time
http://time.com/3695334/switzerland-neutrality-history/
Where:
Treaty of Paris, League of Nations, Switzerland.
When :
1920.
How:
Switzerland is completely neutral.
Who:
It was accepted and admitted by the league of Nations.
What and Why Happened in a visual way
: the important position of Switzerland of been neutral was finally recognized.
Important actors:
Switzerland and League of Nations.
Background:
Switzerland always wanted to be neutral without problems of war and a lot of money.
Social aspects:
This new is about how are the movements in the world of Switzerland nowadays it has an important place.
Conclusion:
This is one of the most important news because it marks the position of one country and his growth in years.
Journal: Tv news.
http://www.ctvnews.ca/world/two-trains-collide-in-northern-switzerland-five-injured-1.2245054
Where:
Northern Switzerland. Raftz.
When :
February, 20, 2015.
How:
collision between a commuter train and a longer-distance train.
Who:
a commuter train and a longer-distance train. Five injured.
What and Why Happened in a visual way
: this was for a human mistake.
Important actors:
a commuter train and a longer-distance train. Five injured. Police.
Background:
It is not clear, everything was normal.
Social Aspects:
It has to be with the role of people in work, the gender of injured were not mentioned, most of the time people think that Switzerland, does not have problems.
Conclusion:
The news in Switzerland are similar with other countries, people are working and moving accidents happen.
Journal:
The Telegraph
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/music/worldfolkandjazz/11541791/Montreux-Jazz-2015-to-feature-Sam-Smith-and-Lady-Gaga.html
Where:
Switzerland.
When :
July, 2015.
Sam Smith, the award-winning pop singer, will perform at the 2015 Montreux Jazz Festival, on a bill that is headed by Lady Gaga's duet with Tony Bennett.
Pop diva Lady Gaga's duet with 88-year-old crooner Bennett will be a highlight of a festival on the shores of Lake Geneva, Switzerland, and they will be there along with other headliners including Lenny Kravitz and Portishead.
The July 3-18 event will be "full of exceptional artist pairings," organisers said, with Herbie Hancock and Chick Corea performing together 36 years after their 1979 duet at the festival.
Brazilian artists and political activists Caetano Veloso and Gilberto Gil will also be performing together.
Journal:
The Telegraph
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/france/11566324/Jean-Marie-Le-Pen-hid-cash-and-gold-in-Bahamas.html
Jean-Marie Le Pen, the founder of the French far-Right Front National, hid €2.2 million (£1.57m) in offshore bank accounts, the Mediapart website has claimed.
Cash and gold bars were allegedly deposited in accounts held by a trust fund based in the Virgin Islands, headed by Mr Le Pen’s former butler, Gérald Gérin, and managed from Switzerland by a lawyer, Marc Bonnant.
It is the latest accusation to emerge from corruption investigations aimed at uncovering what prosecutors believe is a tangled web of illegal financing by the Front National, both in Paris and at the European Parliament.
The money was allegedly held in an account with HSBC until last May, when it was transferred to an account with the Swiss bank CBH in the Bahamas, according to Mediapart, a respected investigative website. Its exposure of a Socialist budget minister’s secret Swiss account two years ago forced him to resign.
Formally, the political system of Switzerland is a Confederation. However, it works similar to a Federal Republic (Central Intelligence Agency, 2015). This means that Switzerland's government members are elected by people who have Swiss nationality, but this is used only in some cantons. Switzerland's system is divided by one state, 26 cantons and 2400 communities (Swissinfo.ch, 2013).
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