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The Qin Dynasty and the Han Dynasty Comparison

My AP World History Assignment
by

Kaitlyn Leach

on 19 July 2014

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Transcript of The Qin Dynasty and the Han Dynasty Comparison

The Qin Dynasty and the Han Dynasty

The Similarities in Government
The Differences in Government
By Kaitlyn Leach
Maps of the Areas
. (n.d.). <i></i>. Retrieved July 16, 2014, from http://ed101.bu.edu/StudentDoc/Archives/ED101sp07/barborek/Han%20dynasty%20map.JPG
. (n.d.). <i></i>. Retrieved July 16, 2014, from http://chinesedynastiesc.pbworks.com/f/qin%20map.jpg
. (n.d.). <i></i>. Retrieved July 16, 2014, from http://mscaputouhs.wikispaces.com/file/view/qin_and_han_dynasty_map.png/140093141/qin_and_han_dynasty_map.png
Both dynasties had a bureaucracy type government.

For both the Qin and Han dynasties, an emperor had power over the people.

Both emperors had the idea of splitting the land into provinces, which were ran by government officials.

Many ways of that the Han ran their government was inspired by the Qin dynasty.
Qin
Han
Even though they both had provinces, the Qin had 36 in total.

The Qin dynasty ran their government with more rules and a lot stricter than the Han did.

All aspect of life were completely controlled by Emperor Qin; including measurements, military, and money.
The Han dynasty only had a total of 12 provinces, a difference of 24 compared the the Qin.

Though the emperor was the big man in charge, he still ran his government loosely compared to the Qin.

During the earlier Han dynasty, imperial princes were given the title of kings.
. (n.d.). <i></i>. Retrieved July 18, 2014, from http://www.theepochtimes.com/n2/images/stories/large/2010/10/26/350.0.1.0.16777215.0.stories.large.2010.10.13.QinshihuangBW.jpg
Emperor Qin Shi Huang
Emperor Guangwu of Han
List of emperors of the Han dynasty. (2014, July 13). <i>Wikipedia</i>. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_emperors_of_the_Han_dynasty
The Economy
Similarities
Both the Qin and the Han economies relied greatly on the trading of goods.
Differences
The
Qin
dynasty put very high taxes on the local peasants to ultimately help the national economy. On the other side, the
Han
reduced taxes on the peasants because their trade relied on them.
The
Han
created the Silk Road; it was a series of trade routes connected many different cities.
The
Qin's
economy was greatly influenced by the strict currency and trade laws between citizens.
The Silk Road was a network of trade routes created by the Han to make getting around easier. It was one of the greatest inventions of the time.
. (n.d.). <i></i>. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://chinas-han-dynasty.wikispaces.com/file/view/silk_road.jpg/63685684/391x261/silk_road.jpg
How is Religion the Same?
The Qin dynasty and early Han dynasty both stopped all non-Legalist philosophies, like Confucianism.

They both used Legalism, which is when the emperor has total control. It doesn't concern itself with the afterlife or religion.
How is Religion the Different?
Although at first the Han didn't use Confucianism, eventually it ruled the Han and China for over 2,000 years.

Toaism is considered the main religion of the Han dynasty, the Qin didn't have one.

Because of Legalism, the Qin was not shaped by religion like the Han was.

The Han dynasty believed in Ancestry worship; emperors worshiped their ancestors with expensive burials and citizens made ritual sacrifices to their ancestors.
The Chinese Han Dynasty Religion | Prominent Religious Beliefs. (n.d.). <i>Totally History Han Dynasty Religion Comments</i>. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://totallyhistory.com/han-dynasty-religion/
This is a painting of the Han's Ancestor Worshiping Hall.
Legalism was the official philosophy of the Qin dynasty. The emperor had complete control over all and the central government ran everything.
. (n.d.). <i></i>. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://history.cultural-china.com/en/167History9476.html
The Social Latter
Both dynasties had a similar social latter: the emperor was on top, nobles were below the emperor, warriors below nobles, and peasants below warriors.
Qin
The social classes were clear enough to tell the difference between royalty and peasants, but they weren't nearly as organized as the Han.

Peasants were at the very bottom of the social classes, so they were not respected at all.
Han
The Han dynasty had highly structured social classes. Each social class was defined perfectly.

Though peasants weren't the highest social class, the Han treated them with more respect considering that the peasants farm what they trade.
There were difference though...
The Han peasants did the work for the emperor, so they were treated a little better than the peasants of the Qin dynasty.
After only a few short years, the Qin peasants were sick of the way they were treated, so they took matters into their own hands. This rebellion led to the creation of the Han dynasty.
. (n.d.). <i></i>. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://www.lasalle.edu/~mcinneshin/wk07/images/HansPeasants.jpg
. (n.d.). <i></i>. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://www.absolutechinatours.com/china-travel/Qin-Dynasty.html
Art
They both created small statues made of stone and clay.

Both dynasties used the statues to represent the deceased; the pieces of art were not typically used for personal use.
Qin
The Han seemed to use artwork much more than the Qin did. They great weaving skills, glazed ceramics, and they even invented paper.

The statues used by tombs were only used for emperors like the Qin did, but also for family members and ancestors.

Han
The Qin created the Terracotta army, which was going to be used to protect the emperor after his death.

The Terracotta army was made up of over 7,000 life-size warriors figure. No two were the same and every figure had distinct details.
The Terracotta army is made up of 7,000 life-size warrior statues that were used to protect the Qin emperor after he died.
. (n.d.). <i></i>. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://aphs.worldnomads.com/abelaine/13520/DSC_1577.jpg
Near
The Qin and Han dynasties are located in present day China on the continent of Asia.

The Han dynasty is actually the same land as the Qin, except bigger because they expanded off that land.

The boundaries started by the Qin and maintained by the Han have mostly defined today's nation of China.
The Qin Dynasty
The dynasty was located by the two major rivers in China-- the Huang He and Chang Jiang.

The land of the dynasty almost went as far north as the Gobi desert and as south as the Xi River.
The Han Dynasty
The earlier Han dynasty was split into the Western Han (Former Han) and the Eastern Han (Later Han).

The Han dynasty was just an expansion of the Qin dynasty.
Resources
The Chinese Han Dynasty Government System & Laws. (n.d.). <i>Totally History Han Dynasty Government Comments</i>. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://totallyhistory.com/han-dynasty-government/

The Qin Dynasty - Ancient China for Kids. (n.d.). <i>The Qin Dynasty - Ancient China for Kids</i>. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://china.mrdonn.org/qin.html

. (n.d.). <i>Wikipedia</i>. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qin_Dynasty#Government_and_military

Chinese History - Economy of the Qin Period 秦 221-206 BCE (www.chinaknowledge.de). (n.d.). <i>Chinese History - Economy of the Qin Period 秦 221-206 BCE (www.chinaknowledge.de)</i>. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://www.chinaknowledge.de/History/Han/qin-econ.html

Qin Dynasty (221 BC - 206 BC). (n.d.). <i>Qin Dynasty (221 BC-206 BC) in China History</i>. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://www.warriortours.com/intro/history/qin/

The Chinese Han Dynasty Religion | Prominent Religious Beliefs. (n.d.). <i>Totally History Han Dynasty Religion Comments</i>. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://totallyhistory.com/han-dynasty-religion/

Qin Dynasty (221-206 BC) – Chinese History: Ancient China Facts. (n.d.). <i>Totally History Qin Dynasty 221206 BC Comments</i>. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://totallyhistory.com/qin-dynasty-221-206-bc/

. (n.d.). <i>Wikipedia</i>. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qin_dynasty#Religion

The Chinese Han Dynasty Society: Social Class & Structure. (n.d.). <i>Totally History Han Dynasty Social Structure Comments</i>. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://totallyhistory.com/han-dynasty-social-structure/

The Qin Dynasty. (n.d.). <i>The Qin Dynasty</i>. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://home.earthlink.net/~mrstephenson_pcms/Unit-10/China_Web_Page_Example/Qin.html

Philosophy and Art - Boundless Open Textbook. (n.d.). <i>Boundless</i>. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from https://www.boundless.com/art-history/chinese-and-korean-art-before-1279/han-dynasty/philosophy-and-art/

Ancient Chinese Dynasties: Advancements and Achievements. (n.d.). <i>- The Qin Dynasty</i>. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://ancientchinesedynasties.weebly.com/the-qin-dynasty.html

. (n.d.). <i></i>. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://www.ancient.eu.com/Silk_Road/

Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. (n.d.). <i>Han Dynasty (206 B.C.–220 A.D.)</i>. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/hand/hd_hand.htm
Hope you're all having a wonderful summer!
-Kaitlyn Leach :D
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