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Prefixes and Suffixes

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Matt Groner

on 16 December 2014

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Transcript of Prefixes and Suffixes

What is a Prefix?
What is a suffix?
A suffix is a word part added to the end of a word to change its meaning.
Examples of Prefixes:
More Examples of Prefixes
sub = under; EXAMPLES: submarine, substitute, subcommittee

ex or e = out from; EXAMPLES: excitement, exhale, export

co or com = together, with; EXAMPLES: cooperate, committee, coworker

fore = before; EXAMPLES: foreshadow, forefather, forecast

inter = between; EXAMPLES: international, interstate, interception

de = down or away from; EXAMPLES: detach, declaw, deconstruct

contra = against; EXAMPLES: contrast, contradict, contrary

pro = forward; EXAMPLES: proceed, prohibit, provide

semi = half; EXAMPLES: semisweet, semicircle, semicolon

ab = away from; EXAMPLES: absent, abnormal, absorb

ad = toward; EXAMPLES: addiction, advertise

dis = not or opposite; EXAMPLES: dishonor, disrespect, disgust

re = again or back; EXAMPLES: redo, reread, redistribute

un = not or opposite; EXAMPLES: unable, unimportant, unlock

pre = before; EXAMPLES: prefix, pretest, pregame

post = after; EXAMPLES: postwar, postgame, post-test

in = not; EXAMPLES: incorrect, indefensible, incapable

il = not; EXAMPLES: illegal, illegible, illiterate

ir = not; EXAMPLES: irregular, irresistible, irrational

mis = wrong; EXAMPLES: mistake, misunderstand, misbehave

non = not; EXAMPLES: nonexistent, nonprofessional, nonresistant

anti = against; EXAMPLES: antislavery, anticrime, anti-bullying

Prefixes and Suffixes
A prefix is a word part added to the beginning of a word to create a word with a different meaning.
able=capable of. EXAMPLES: agreeable, manageable.

age=result of. EXAMPLES: spillage, storage.

al=relating to. EXAMPLES: gradual, manual.

algia=sickness. EXAMPLES: myalgia, nostalgia

ance or ence=state. EXAPMPLES: assistance, independence.

ancy or ency=capacity. EXAMPLES: agency, vacancy.

ate=office. EXAMPLES: candidate, graduate.

cian=having a skill. EXAMPLES: magician, physician.

ee= person receiving action. EXAMPLES: nominee, refugee.

escene=in process. EXAMPLES: adolescences, obsolescence.

esis or osis=in process. EXAMPLES: mimesis, hypnosis.

Examples of Suffixes
Full transcript