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Analysis of a Prose Passage
Transcript of Analysis of a Prose Passage
Prose- Style Passage AP English:
Literature and Composition The AP Prose Question- Read the following passage, Then write
an essay in which you analyze the author's
use of literary and rhetorical elements in
order to convey his purpose. Note: These questions give you a very
general outlet to work with. AP expects
responses to be specific, and analytical.
Simply stating literary terms will not suffice. 1.) Textual Identifications Title: Full Length Works are Underlined
Short Stories and Poems are always placed in quotation marks!
Genre: Play and Book are NOT accepted
forms of Genre. Dramatic Monologue, epistle, Dramaturgy are good examples!
Author: Does the author have historical
significance? Did he write under a pseudonym? Why?
Narrative Perspective: How is the story
narrated? Why does the author do this? Does this impact Tone or Theme?
Period: Given the stylistic conventions of
the piece, the date it was published, the syntax, and rhetoric used, identify what epoch of Literary Significance this would be classified. Such periods include: Naturalism, Aestheticism, the Gothic and the Romantic. 2.) Identifying the Setting Setting is defined as the total environment for the action within a fictional work. Including time, Historical context,social political, and spiritual circumstance, and tangible Location. When you identify the setting you should comment upon its effect, and how it helps develop the narrative. Again, simply stating setting will not suffice! For the Essay, refer to the identifications within the introduction. 3.) Identification of Major Characters A work of fiction almost always has its characters. Make a list of characters, and describe their physical, mental, and spiritual characteristics.
Explore the different roles in which a character may come to encompass Explain how the character's development furthers action, plot, theme, and tone Types of Characters Protagonist- The character in which the action surrounds Antagonist- A character who opposes the protagonist First Person Narrator- One who tells the story through the eyes of a character Omniscient Narrator- The all-knowing narrator, has access to both action and feeling Limited Third Narrator- Told from a "biased" third person perspective. Only receiving half the story Flat/Stock Character- one trait
dictates the actions of the Character. Dynamic Character- The character changes significantly during a ficticious work. Static Character - The character does not change significantly during a ficticious work. 4.) Plot Structure Notate the relationship between events in a narrative.
This section should be mere summation and synopsis, don't analyze the events to the deeper meanings they hold. ASPECTS OF PLOT EXPOSITION COMPLICATION RISING ACTION CLIMAX CRISIS FALLING ACTION DENOUEMENT The Back Story in a work, Sets the Stage for conflict. (Characterization, relationships, Ideals) Introduction of conflict in a work of fiction Conflict is elevated, subplot lines are developed The point in which the conflict can be no longer elevated, and a choice must be made to fix it. A point were a decision has been made, and is now at a point of no return Tying up loose ends within a work of fiction Resolution in Literature Never has the AP Exam asked of Plot Questions. AP Students should have limited hardship with comprehension. Literary Devices Imagery What images are presented? what do they connote.
Collectively how do these convey mood and tone?
Do these images imply anything?
Any reoccurring images? What purpose? Diction How do the collection of images parlay tone?
Are any images being juxtaposed, how does this effect meaning?
What is the relation between images and figurative language? Figurative Language Simile/ Metaphor- Comparative Language
Conceit/ Central Image/ Extended metaphor- The image depicted offers more that its face value.
Personification/ Prosopopoeia/Anthropomorphism- Giving human qualities to a inhuman object
Metonymy/ Synecdoche- Representative words,
Alliteration- Repetition of sounds within fiction. A Collection of images
create the DICTION! Pay close attention to the juxtapositions presented between figures of speech, do they complement subject, or perhaps manufacture a paradoxical effect Symbolism Symbols represent a sub textual abstraction.
Identify its literary function. Symbols can be:
Personal (Red Room)
There is a difference between a symbol, Vehicle, and Metaphor. Vehicles may be symbolic IRONY The indication that something is opposite which is stated.
Rhetorical (Sarcasm)- One things is stated, meaning the opposite
Dramatic (Tragic)- The reader knows more than Characters
Comic (Fate)- Destiny controls your fate Literary
Action First Person- First hand account Objective- Knows only what a central character knows Omniscient- Knowing all aspects of action Point of View Tone The manner in which an author feels about the text. Created by:
style THEME Overall Meaning of the Text Created by the
encompassing Literary Elements.