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Introduction to Psychology

Psychology by Ciccarelli and White
by

Khaleesi Tessa Trazona

on 27 April 2015

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Transcript of Introduction to Psychology

Definition, Goals and History
Introduction to Psychology
scientific study of behavior and mental process
Definition
BEHAVIOR
includes all of our outward or overt actions and reactions
MENTAL PROCESS
all internal, covert activity of our minds
such as thinking, feeling and remembering
DESCRIBE
what is happening?
GOALS
PREDICT
when will it happen again
CONTROL
how can it be changed?
EXPLAIN
why is it happening?
Aristotle
HISTORY
130 years old
Rene Descartes
Plato
1879 : Wilhelm Wundt
STRUCTURALISM
FUNCTIONALISM
objective introspection
objectivity and measurement
Edward Titchener
Margaret F. Washburn
William James
Charles Darwin
Mary Whiton Calkins
how the mind allows people to function
in the real world
the whole is greater than the sum of its parts
GESTALT
PSYCHOLOGY
Max Wertheimer
people naturally seek out patterns (wholes) in the
sensory information available to them
Clockwise = Right Side
uses feeling
"big picture" oriented
imagination rules
symbols and images
present and future
philosophy & religion
can "get it" (i.e. meaning)
believes
appreciates
spatial perception
knows object function
fantasy based
presents possibilities
impetuous
risk taking
C-Clockwise = Left Side
uses logic
detail oriented
facts rule
words and language
present and past
math and science
can comprehend
knowing
acknowledges
order/pattern perception
knows object name
reality based
forms strategies
practical
safe
Sigmund Freud
PSYCHOANALYSIS
basis of psychotherapy
John B. Watson
BEHAVIORISM
ignore whole consciousness issue and focus only on observable behavior-something that could be directly seen or measured
all behavior is learned
Ivan Pavlov's
classical conditioning
"little albert"
Mary Cover Jones' "little peter"
Full transcript