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The Story of Slums - Updated

The great urban migration, the explosion of slums, plus implications and opportunities
by

tamara white

on 8 April 2013

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Transcript of The Story of Slums - Updated

br ken
system A Story of Slums Urbanization "By 2030, 1 in 3 of the world's citizens will live in a slum." - UN-Habitat Why? restructured globalized economies effects of climate change civil war hope and the promise of the city overcrowding durable
permanent
housing insecurity of tenure often limited access
to schools and
health services often hazardous locations settlements with floods drought desertification fluctuating commodity prices agricultural subsidies banned structural adjustment programs industrial agri-business
+
mechanization cities around the world mostly in developing countries unstable hillsides sometimes the inner city the urban periphery near highways ( unsafe land = cheap land ) swamps garbage dumps desert fringes chemical dumps volcano slopes limited gov't resources national debt repayment less gov't funding for: health education development Implications cyle of poverty multinational corporations
set up shop urban un(der)employment floodzones infrastructure
(particularly in rural areas) currency devaluation rural life made difficult the media sells urban values jobs in the city Drop the Debt Remove SAP's + World Bank and IMF Intervention Increase Affordable Housing Stock Explore Just
Financing Mechanisms Secure Tenure
in Informal Settlements Improve Mobility for the Poor Increase Access to Services Extend Basic Services water electricity sewerage waste removal drainage lighting Promote Local Economies policy microgrants training business incubators adult literacy Support Local Institutions Improve Community Participation in Governance Strengthen Regional Economies Strategically Intervene
in Real Estate Markets Stop Government Corruption Progressive Taxation Restructure Global Commerce
and Patterns of Consumption Develop Global
Public Health Infrastructure Develop Macro-Strategies
for Poverty Alleviation Redress Global Inequality urban exclusion social separation polarization racial marginality class conflict urban fragmentation segregation categorical criminalization daily violence of economic exclusion Local
Change Global
Structural
Change SPECTRUM OF ACTION poor countries
lower standards
(labor/env't)
to attract investment territorial stigmatization World Population Growth isolation from public services health impacts psychological stress Support rural livelihoods everyday hardship towards another development poverty
and
social exclusion informal treated as illegal restrictive planning and
building regulations & processes low economic growth Typologies Why? Natural Reproduction + Million + Cities 1950 2000 2015 86 400 550 Megacities 1975 2010 3 23 Fast Growth Cities population size 1960 2010 40 x World Bank & neoliberal
policies rural job/ income loss characteristics of
URBANIZATION rural poverty urbanized unprecedented scale
and speed + conditions in
dev.world CITIES inadequate affordable
housing stock = Slums / Informal Settlements what? where? who? inadequate access
to safe water or
sanitation what now? Strategies reactive proactive clearance upgrading housing and urban development historic
+
current use physical improvements tenure security strategies programmatic elements needs gap analysis


prioritization system
funding housing materials basic service provision community infrastructure titling regularization healthcare education livelihood support Retaining & Promoting
Affordable Land & Housing Stock

reception areas
social housing
market interventions



social interest zoning housing and urban services price caps demographic projections subsidies developer requirements TARGET

poverty
and
social exclusion slum interventions best practices participatory
process inter-sectoral
coordination part of a
holistic plan Now: 1/6 of the world Half are under 20 years old Million + Cities Fast Growth Cities Megacities great
human capacity
and
untapped potential occupancy rights hazard mitigation creating a housing system stipends best practices PLAN, POLICY and ACTION Virtually all population growth over the next 30 years will be in urban areas of the developing world.
- WHO GLOBAL NATIONAL REGIONAL LOCAL lack of
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