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History of Howard University

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charvis campbell

on 17 September 2015

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Transcript of History of Howard University

History of Howard University
Howard University - The Founding
Following Emancipation, freedom held exciting prospects for Blacks. To those who sought to improve the lot of Blacks in the mid-1800’s, including many Blacks themselves, the ministry and the teaching profession were primary fields of interest.

The Howard University Seal
Veritas et Utilitas = Truth and Service

Howard University
Black Greek Fraternities and Sororities

The Early Years
From its beginning, Howard offered education to all – blacks and whites, men and women. In the spring of
1867
, five white females, daughters of two board members, enrolled in the normal and preparatory department of the University.

The Founding
Influenced by this knowledge, ten members of the
First Congregational Society of Washington
gathered on
November 20, 1866
and proposed the
Howard Normal and Theological Institute for the Education of Teachers and Preachers.

The Founding
The primary objective for the Howard Normal and Theological Institute for the Education of Teachers and Preachers:
to establish a leadership class that, in time, would help determine the future of the Negro in America.

PRESIDENTS
Charles Boynton ~ March 1867 - August 1867
Byron Sunderland ~ August 1867 - April 1869
General Oliver Otis Howard ~ April 1869 - November 1874
Edward Smith ~ December 1875 - June 1876
William W. Patton ~ April 1877 - December 1889
Jeremiah E. Rankin ~ January 1890 - February 1903
John Gordon ~ May 1903 - June 1906
Wilbur P. Thirkield ~ September 1906 - June 1912
Stephen M. Newman ~ July 1912 - June 1918
James S. Durkee ~ July 1918 - June 1926
Mordecai W. Johnson ~ September 1926 - June 1960
James M. Nabrit, Jr. ~ July 1960 - June 1969
James E. Cheek ~ July 1969 - June 1989
Franklyn G. Jenifer ~ April 1990 - May 1994
H. Patrick Swygert ~ August 1995 - June 2008
Sidney A. Ribeau ~ August 2008 - 2013
Wayne A.I. Frederick ~ 2013 - Present


Acting & Interim Presidents
Acting and Interim Presidents: John Mercer Langston served as Acting President from December 1873 to July 1875.
Carlton P. Alexis served as Interim President from July 1, 1989 to April 1, 1990.
Joyce A. Ladner, the first female Interim President, served first as the Acting President from May 14, 1994 to June 30, 1994 and then as Interim President from July 1, 1994 to June 30, 1995.
Artis Hampshire-Cowen served as Acting President from June 1, 2008- July 31, 2008
The Founding
The university was named for General Oliver Otis Howard, commissioner of the Freedmen’s Bureau and one of the ten founding society members.

General Howard served as Howard’s president from 1869 to 1874.

The Founding
On January 8, 1867, the Board of Trustees voted to change the name to
“Howard University.”
The Founding
On
March 2, 1867
, during the last session of the 39th Congress, a charter was given to the “University,” organizing the offices of Board of Trustees, president, secretary, treasurer and executive committee. The charter specified the following departments: normal and preparatory, collegiate, theological, medical, law and agriculture.

The Founding: The Colors
Red
White
Blue
Departments at a Glance:
March 2, 1867 (6)
Normal and Preparatory
Collegiate
Theological
Medical
Law
Agriculture

August 28, 2012 (13)
Arts and Sciences
Divinity
Communications
Medical
Law
Business
Education……….
Law School Class - 1900
The Early Years:
Tuition Cost
TUITION – 1865

Tuition was
$1 one dollar per month
to be paid monthly in advance.
As enrollment increased, provisions were made to remit a part or whole of the tuition for indigent students.

The Early Years:
Room & Board Cost
Room & Board 1867

A boarding house nearby accommodated students at
25 cents per week and $3 per term for 12 weeks
, payable in advance

The Early Years
By the fall of 1867, the construction of the main building called the “University Building,” a dormitory (Minor Hall), a medical building, a hospital, to be called Freedmen’s Hospital, as well as the private residence of General Howard (Howard Hall), were under way.

Howard Hall
Howard Hall
Howard Hall is listed in the National Register of Historical Places. It is the only remaining original building of the University.

The Early Years
Since it’s founding, Howard University has grown from a single frame building to several campuses totaling 241 acres.
The University campuses include the West Campus, School of Law and the Divinity School.
Main Building
HOWARD UNIVERSITY’S
FIRST BLACK PRESIDENT
MORDECAI W. JOHNSON
HOWARD UNIVERSITY’S FIRST BLACK PRESIDENT
MORDECAI W. JOHNSON
Before & After
BEFORE
8 schools & colleges
Enrollment: 1700
Budget: $700,000
No PhD. Programs
8 schools and colleges, none of which held national accreditation

AFTER
10 schools & colleges
Enrollment: 6000 students
Budget: $8 million
PhD. programs (Chemistry – 1955)
10 schools and colleges, all fully accredited

OTHER ACCOMPLISHMENTS
Greatly enlarged faculty with the most prominent black scholars
Dev. Of Civil Rights Law (Charles Houston, Dean of Civil Rights Law)
The addition of 20 new buildings

MORDECAI W. JOHNSON
Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity Beta Chapter
was

founded on December 20, 1907 at Howard University
Alpha Kappa Alpha

Sorority
was founded on January 15, 1908 at Howard University.
Omega Psi Phi Fraternity
is the first predominantly African-American fraternity to be founded at a historically black university. The fraternity was founded on November 17, 1911 at Howard University.
Delta Sigma Theta Sorority
was founded on January 13, 1913 at Howard University.
Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity
was founded at Howard University on January 9, 1914.
Zeta Phi Beta Sorority
was founded on January 16, 1920 at Howard University.

Black Greek Fraternities and Sororities
Today’s Howard
4 Campuses
Enrollment: Approx. 11,000
Academics
12 schools and colleges
120 areas of study
80 undergraduate programs
91 graduate programs
29 doctoral programs
Faculty: 1400+
Today’s Howard: Recognition
1 of only 48 US private Doctoral/Research Intensive universities
Produces more on-campus African American PhDs
2008-2009: America’s Best Black College (US News World Report)
2005: Best Univ. Student Newspaper (The Princeton Review)
A Snapshot of Notable Alums
Thurgood Marshall
L. Douglass Wilder
Toni Morrison
Phyllicia Rashad
Debbie Allen
Jessye Norman
Dr. LaSalle Leftfall
Vernon Jordan
Andrew Young
Shirley Franklin
Lynn Whitfield
Ossie Davis
David Dinkins
Mike Espy
Charlotte Ray
Richard Smallwood
Kwame Ture
Frank Savage

Things You Should Know
Mission
Meaning of the words on the university seal:
Original motto: “Equal Rights & Knowledge for all”
1910 compromise -> new seal with the words Veritas and Utilitas (Truth and service)

Alma Mater
Reared against the eastern sky
Proudly there on hilltop high,
Far above the lake so blue
Stands old Howard firm and true.

There she stands for truth and right,
Sending forth her rays of light,
Clad in robes of majesty;
O Howard, we sing of thee.

Be thou still our guide and stay
Leading us from day to day;
Make us true and leal and strong,
Ever bold to battle wrong.

When from thee we’ve gone away,
May we strive for thee each day
As we sail life’s rugged sea,
O Howard, we’ll sing of thee.

Lyrics, J. H. Brooks, 1916
Music, F. D. Malone, 1916

PRESIDENT OF
HOWARD UNIVERSITY
Dr. James E. Cheek 1969 - 1989
13th president
Accomplishments:
Fed. Appropriations increased by 507.3 percent
Growth & Dev. Accelerated at an unprecedented pace …. Most rapid expansion
$43 mil, 515 bed hospital
Cancer Center
Acquired West Campus – Law School
TV Station (1980 – 1st HBCU)
Radio Station (1971)
Undergraduate Library (1970s)
College of Dentistry (1970s)
Blackburn Center (1970s)
SCHOOL OF BUSINESS (1970s)
Addl Prog.: CAR & Cont. Ed.
PRESIDENT OF
HOWARD UNIVERSITY
Dr. Franklyn G. Jenifer1989 - 1994

On December 16, 1989 the Board of Trustees announced the appointment of Dr. Franklyn G. Jenifer to head the University. He began his tenure as Howard’s 14th president the following April, securing his place in the history of Howard by becoming the first Howard alumnus elected Head of the University. He earned his B.S. in microbiology from Howard in 1962 and his M.S. in the same field in 1965, then went on to earn a Ph.D. in plant virology from the University of Maryland.
PRESIDENT OF
HOWARD UNIVERSITY
Dr. Franklyn G. Jenifer1989 - 1994
14th president
1st alumnus to serve
Accomplishments as president
Increased academic excellence
1992-93: freshman class had the highest average SAT
# of National Achievement Scholars rose to an all time high (1993-94)
Had a great deal of influence in the School of Business getting the funding from the Melville Corp. for the Melville Diamond Scholars Program
Bethune Annex

PRESIDENT OF
HOWARD UNIVERSITY
H. Patrick Swygert1995 - 2008

15th president
Alumnus
Undergraduate – history
Law degree
Coined the phrase: “Leadership for America and the global community”
Accomplishments
Law School Library
Health Science Library

PRESIDENT OF
HOWARD UNIVERSITY
Dr. Sidney A. Ribeau2008 - 2013

16th president
Students First Initiative

PRESIDENT OF
HOWARD UNIVERSITY
Dr. Wayne A. I. Frederick, M.D. 2013 - Present

17th president
Holds three Howard University degrees

Alpha Phi Alpha, Beta Chapter, Howard University. Circa 1913
Students at
Howard University Football Game - 1920
Howard University
Law Library - 1900
Advertising in Washington Times - 1919
TUITION

2011-2012

Undergraduate $19,150
Graduate $25,295

PROFESSIONAL SCHOOLS

Dentistry $32,235
Divinity $17,665
Law $27,960
Medicine $37,810
Pharmacy $24,210
Room & Board 2011-2012

Meals/Board ~ $3,740.00
Room ~ $11,601.00
Full transcript